Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with
or
.
Download ZIP
Branch: mc_internal
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

532 lines (464 sloc) 15.953 kB
/*P:050
* Lguest guests use a very simple method to describe devices. It's a
* series of device descriptors contained just above the top of normal Guest
* memory.
*
* We use the standard "virtio" device infrastructure, which provides us with a
* console, a network and a block driver. Each one expects some configuration
* information and a "virtqueue" or two to send and receive data.
:*/
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/bootmem.h>
#include <linux/lguest_launcher.h>
#include <linux/virtio.h>
#include <linux/virtio_config.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/virtio_ring.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
#include <asm/paravirt.h>
#include <asm/lguest_hcall.h>
/* The pointer to our (page) of device descriptions. */
static void *lguest_devices;
/*
* For Guests, device memory can be used as normal memory, so we cast away the
* __iomem to quieten sparse.
*/
static inline void *lguest_map(unsigned long phys_addr, unsigned long pages)
{
return (__force void *)ioremap_cache(phys_addr, PAGE_SIZE*pages);
}
static inline void lguest_unmap(void *addr)
{
iounmap((__force void __iomem *)addr);
}
/*D:100
* Each lguest device is just a virtio device plus a pointer to its entry
* in the lguest_devices page.
*/
struct lguest_device {
struct virtio_device vdev;
/* The entry in the lguest_devices page for this device. */
struct lguest_device_desc *desc;
};
/*
* Since the virtio infrastructure hands us a pointer to the virtio_device all
* the time, it helps to have a curt macro to get a pointer to the struct
* lguest_device it's enclosed in.
*/
#define to_lgdev(vd) container_of(vd, struct lguest_device, vdev)
/*D:130
* Device configurations
*
* The configuration information for a device consists of one or more
* virtqueues, a feature bitmap, and some configuration bytes. The
* configuration bytes don't really matter to us: the Launcher sets them up, and
* the driver will look at them during setup.
*
* A convenient routine to return the device's virtqueue config array:
* immediately after the descriptor.
*/
static struct lguest_vqconfig *lg_vq(const struct lguest_device_desc *desc)
{
return (void *)(desc + 1);
}
/* The features come immediately after the virtqueues. */
static u8 *lg_features(const struct lguest_device_desc *desc)
{
return (void *)(lg_vq(desc) + desc->num_vq);
}
/* The config space comes after the two feature bitmasks. */
static u8 *lg_config(const struct lguest_device_desc *desc)
{
return lg_features(desc) + desc->feature_len * 2;
}
/* The total size of the config page used by this device (incl. desc) */
static unsigned desc_size(const struct lguest_device_desc *desc)
{
return sizeof(*desc)
+ desc->num_vq * sizeof(struct lguest_vqconfig)
+ desc->feature_len * 2
+ desc->config_len;
}
/* This gets the device's feature bits. */
static u32 lg_get_features(struct virtio_device *vdev)
{
unsigned int i;
u32 features = 0;
struct lguest_device_desc *desc = to_lgdev(vdev)->desc;
u8 *in_features = lg_features(desc);
/* We do this the slow but generic way. */
for (i = 0; i < min(desc->feature_len * 8, 32); i++)
if (in_features[i / 8] & (1 << (i % 8)))
features |= (1 << i);
return features;
}
/*
* To notify on reset or feature finalization, we (ab)use the NOTIFY
* hypercall, with the descriptor address of the device.
*/
static void status_notify(struct virtio_device *vdev)
{
unsigned long offset = (void *)to_lgdev(vdev)->desc - lguest_devices;
hcall(LHCALL_NOTIFY, (max_pfn << PAGE_SHIFT) + offset, 0, 0, 0);
}
/*
* The virtio core takes the features the Host offers, and copies the ones
* supported by the driver into the vdev->features array. Once that's all
* sorted out, this routine is called so we can tell the Host which features we
* understand and accept.
*/
static void lg_finalize_features(struct virtio_device *vdev)
{
unsigned int i, bits;
struct lguest_device_desc *desc = to_lgdev(vdev)->desc;
/* Second half of bitmap is features we accept. */
u8 *out_features = lg_features(desc) + desc->feature_len;
/* Give virtio_ring a chance to accept features. */
vring_transport_features(vdev);
/*
* The vdev->feature array is a Linux bitmask: this isn't the same as a
* the simple array of bits used by lguest devices for features. So we
* do this slow, manual conversion which is completely general.
*/
memset(out_features, 0, desc->feature_len);
bits = min_t(unsigned, desc->feature_len, sizeof(vdev->features)) * 8;
for (i = 0; i < bits; i++) {
if (test_bit(i, vdev->features))
out_features[i / 8] |= (1 << (i % 8));
}
/* Tell Host we've finished with this device's feature negotiation */
status_notify(vdev);
}
/* Once they've found a field, getting a copy of it is easy. */
static void lg_get(struct virtio_device *vdev, unsigned int offset,
void *buf, unsigned len)
{
struct lguest_device_desc *desc = to_lgdev(vdev)->desc;
/* Check they didn't ask for more than the length of the config! */
BUG_ON(offset + len > desc->config_len);
memcpy(buf, lg_config(desc) + offset, len);
}
/* Setting the contents is also trivial. */
static void lg_set(struct virtio_device *vdev, unsigned int offset,
const void *buf, unsigned len)
{
struct lguest_device_desc *desc = to_lgdev(vdev)->desc;
/* Check they didn't ask for more than the length of the config! */
BUG_ON(offset + len > desc->config_len);
memcpy(lg_config(desc) + offset, buf, len);
}
/*
* The operations to get and set the status word just access the status field
* of the device descriptor.
*/
static u8 lg_get_status(struct virtio_device *vdev)
{
return to_lgdev(vdev)->desc->status;
}
static void lg_set_status(struct virtio_device *vdev, u8 status)
{
BUG_ON(!status);
to_lgdev(vdev)->desc->status = status;
/* Tell Host immediately if we failed. */
if (status & VIRTIO_CONFIG_S_FAILED)
status_notify(vdev);
}
static void lg_reset(struct virtio_device *vdev)
{
/* 0 status means "reset" */
to_lgdev(vdev)->desc->status = 0;
status_notify(vdev);
}
/*
* Virtqueues
*
* The other piece of infrastructure virtio needs is a "virtqueue": a way of
* the Guest device registering buffers for the other side to read from or
* write into (ie. send and receive buffers). Each device can have multiple
* virtqueues: for example the console driver uses one queue for sending and
* another for receiving.
*
* Fortunately for us, a very fast shared-memory-plus-descriptors virtqueue
* already exists in virtio_ring.c. We just need to connect it up.
*
* We start with the information we need to keep about each virtqueue.
*/
/*D:140 This is the information we remember about each virtqueue. */
struct lguest_vq_info {
/* A copy of the information contained in the device config. */
struct lguest_vqconfig config;
/* The address where we mapped the virtio ring, so we can unmap it. */
void *pages;
};
/*
* When the virtio_ring code wants to prod the Host, it calls us here and we
* make a hypercall. We hand the physical address of the virtqueue so the Host
* knows which virtqueue we're talking about.
*/
static void lg_notify(struct virtqueue *vq)
{
/*
* We store our virtqueue information in the "priv" pointer of the
* virtqueue structure.
*/
struct lguest_vq_info *lvq = vq->priv;
hcall(LHCALL_NOTIFY, lvq->config.pfn << PAGE_SHIFT, 0, 0, 0);
}
/* An extern declaration inside a C file is bad form. Don't do it. */
extern int lguest_setup_irq(unsigned int irq);
/*
* This routine finds the Nth virtqueue described in the configuration of
* this device and sets it up.
*
* This is kind of an ugly duckling. It'd be nicer to have a standard
* representation of a virtqueue in the configuration space, but it seems that
* everyone wants to do it differently. The KVM coders want the Guest to
* allocate its own pages and tell the Host where they are, but for lguest it's
* simpler for the Host to simply tell us where the pages are.
*/
static struct virtqueue *lg_find_vq(struct virtio_device *vdev,
unsigned index,
void (*callback)(struct virtqueue *vq),
const char *name)
{
struct lguest_device *ldev = to_lgdev(vdev);
struct lguest_vq_info *lvq;
struct virtqueue *vq;
int err;
/* We must have this many virtqueues. */
if (index >= ldev->desc->num_vq)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOENT);
lvq = kmalloc(sizeof(*lvq), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!lvq)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
/*
* Make a copy of the "struct lguest_vqconfig" entry, which sits after
* the descriptor. We need a copy because the config space might not
* be aligned correctly.
*/
memcpy(&lvq->config, lg_vq(ldev->desc)+index, sizeof(lvq->config));
printk("Mapping virtqueue %i addr %lx\n", index,
(unsigned long)lvq->config.pfn << PAGE_SHIFT);
/* Figure out how many pages the ring will take, and map that memory */
lvq->pages = lguest_map((unsigned long)lvq->config.pfn << PAGE_SHIFT,
DIV_ROUND_UP(vring_size(lvq->config.num,
LGUEST_VRING_ALIGN),
PAGE_SIZE));
if (!lvq->pages) {
err = -ENOMEM;
goto free_lvq;
}
/*
* OK, tell virtio_ring.c to set up a virtqueue now we know its size
* and we've got a pointer to its pages. Note that we set weak_barriers
* to 'true': the host just a(nother) SMP CPU, so we only need inter-cpu
* barriers.
*/
vq = vring_new_virtqueue(lvq->config.num, LGUEST_VRING_ALIGN, vdev,
true, lvq->pages, lg_notify, callback, name);
if (!vq) {
err = -ENOMEM;
goto unmap;
}
/* Make sure the interrupt is allocated. */
err = lguest_setup_irq(lvq->config.irq);
if (err)
goto destroy_vring;
/*
* Tell the interrupt for this virtqueue to go to the virtio_ring
* interrupt handler.
*
* FIXME: We used to have a flag for the Host to tell us we could use
* the interrupt as a source of randomness: it'd be nice to have that
* back.
*/
err = request_irq(lvq->config.irq, vring_interrupt, IRQF_SHARED,
dev_name(&vdev->dev), vq);
if (err)
goto free_desc;
/*
* Last of all we hook up our 'struct lguest_vq_info" to the
* virtqueue's priv pointer.
*/
vq->priv = lvq;
return vq;
free_desc:
irq_free_desc(lvq->config.irq);
destroy_vring:
vring_del_virtqueue(vq);
unmap:
lguest_unmap(lvq->pages);
free_lvq:
kfree(lvq);
return ERR_PTR(err);
}
/*:*/
/* Cleaning up a virtqueue is easy */
static void lg_del_vq(struct virtqueue *vq)
{
struct lguest_vq_info *lvq = vq->priv;
/* Release the interrupt */
free_irq(lvq->config.irq, vq);
/* Tell virtio_ring.c to free the virtqueue. */
vring_del_virtqueue(vq);
/* Unmap the pages containing the ring. */
lguest_unmap(lvq->pages);
/* Free our own queue information. */
kfree(lvq);
}
static void lg_del_vqs(struct virtio_device *vdev)
{
struct virtqueue *vq, *n;
list_for_each_entry_safe(vq, n, &vdev->vqs, list)
lg_del_vq(vq);
}
static int lg_find_vqs(struct virtio_device *vdev, unsigned nvqs,
struct virtqueue *vqs[],
vq_callback_t *callbacks[],
const char *names[])
{
struct lguest_device *ldev = to_lgdev(vdev);
int i;
/* We must have this many virtqueues. */
if (nvqs > ldev->desc->num_vq)
return -ENOENT;
for (i = 0; i < nvqs; ++i) {
vqs[i] = lg_find_vq(vdev, i, callbacks[i], names[i]);
if (IS_ERR(vqs[i]))
goto error;
}
return 0;
error:
lg_del_vqs(vdev);
return PTR_ERR(vqs[i]);
}
static const char *lg_bus_name(struct virtio_device *vdev)
{
return "";
}
/* The ops structure which hooks everything together. */
static struct virtio_config_ops lguest_config_ops = {
.get_features = lg_get_features,
.finalize_features = lg_finalize_features,
.get = lg_get,
.set = lg_set,
.get_status = lg_get_status,
.set_status = lg_set_status,
.reset = lg_reset,
.find_vqs = lg_find_vqs,
.del_vqs = lg_del_vqs,
.bus_name = lg_bus_name,
};
/*
* The root device for the lguest virtio devices. This makes them appear as
* /sys/devices/lguest/0,1,2 not /sys/devices/0,1,2.
*/
static struct device *lguest_root;
/*D:120
* This is the core of the lguest bus: actually adding a new device.
* It's a separate function because it's neater that way, and because an
* earlier version of the code supported hotplug and unplug. They were removed
* early on because they were never used.
*
* As Andrew Tridgell says, "Untested code is buggy code".
*
* It's worth reading this carefully: we start with a pointer to the new device
* descriptor in the "lguest_devices" page, and the offset into the device
* descriptor page so we can uniquely identify it if things go badly wrong.
*/
static void add_lguest_device(struct lguest_device_desc *d,
unsigned int offset)
{
struct lguest_device *ldev;
/* Start with zeroed memory; Linux's device layer counts on it. */
ldev = kzalloc(sizeof(*ldev), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!ldev) {
printk(KERN_EMERG "Cannot allocate lguest dev %u type %u\n",
offset, d->type);
return;
}
/* This devices' parent is the lguest/ dir. */
ldev->vdev.dev.parent = lguest_root;
/*
* The device type comes straight from the descriptor. There's also a
* device vendor field in the virtio_device struct, which we leave as
* 0.
*/
ldev->vdev.id.device = d->type;
/*
* We have a simple set of routines for querying the device's
* configuration information and setting its status.
*/
ldev->vdev.config = &lguest_config_ops;
/* And we remember the device's descriptor for lguest_config_ops. */
ldev->desc = d;
/*
* register_virtio_device() sets up the generic fields for the struct
* virtio_device and calls device_register(). This makes the bus
* infrastructure look for a matching driver.
*/
if (register_virtio_device(&ldev->vdev) != 0) {
printk(KERN_ERR "Failed to register lguest dev %u type %u\n",
offset, d->type);
kfree(ldev);
}
}
/*D:110
* scan_devices() simply iterates through the device page. The type 0 is
* reserved to mean "end of devices".
*/
static void scan_devices(void)
{
unsigned int i;
struct lguest_device_desc *d;
/* We start at the page beginning, and skip over each entry. */
for (i = 0; i < PAGE_SIZE; i += desc_size(d)) {
d = lguest_devices + i;
/* Once we hit a zero, stop. */
if (d->type == 0)
break;
printk("Device at %i has size %u\n", i, desc_size(d));
add_lguest_device(d, i);
}
}
/*D:105
* Fairly early in boot, lguest_devices_init() is called to set up the
* lguest device infrastructure. We check that we are a Guest by checking
* pv_info.name: there are other ways of checking, but this seems most
* obvious to me.
*
* So we can access the "struct lguest_device_desc"s easily, we map that memory
* and store the pointer in the global "lguest_devices". Then we register a
* root device from which all our devices will hang (this seems to be the
* correct sysfs incantation).
*
* Finally we call scan_devices() which adds all the devices found in the
* lguest_devices page.
*/
static int __init lguest_devices_init(void)
{
if (strcmp(pv_info.name, "lguest") != 0)
return 0;
lguest_root = root_device_register("lguest");
if (IS_ERR(lguest_root))
panic("Could not register lguest root");
/* Devices are in a single page above top of "normal" mem */
lguest_devices = lguest_map(max_pfn<<PAGE_SHIFT, 1);
scan_devices();
return 0;
}
/* We do this after core stuff, but before the drivers. */
postcore_initcall(lguest_devices_init);
/*D:150
* At this point in the journey we used to now wade through the lguest
* devices themselves: net, block and console. Since they're all now virtio
* devices rather than lguest-specific, I've decided to ignore them. Mostly,
* they're kind of boring. But this does mean you'll never experience the
* thrill of reading the forbidden love scene buried deep in the block driver.
*
* "make Launcher" beckons, where we answer questions like "Where do Guests
* come from?", and "What do you do when someone asks for optimization?".
*/
Jump to Line
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.