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/*
===========================================================================
Copyright (C) 1999-2005 Id Software, Inc.
This file is part of Quake III Arena source code.
Quake III Arena source code is free software; you can redistribute it
and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License,
or (at your option) any later version.
Quake III Arena source code is distributed in the hope that it will be
useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with Foobar; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
===========================================================================
*/
// faces.c
#include "qbsp.h"
#include "l_mem.h"
/*
some faces will be removed before saving, but still form nodes:
the insides of sky volumes
meeting planes of different water current volumes
*/
// undefine for dumb linear searches
#define USE_HASHING
#define INTEGRAL_EPSILON 0.01
#define POINT_EPSILON 0.5
#define OFF_EPSILON 0.5
int c_merge;
int c_subdivide;
int c_totalverts;
int c_uniqueverts;
int c_degenerate;
int c_tjunctions;
int c_faceoverflows;
int c_facecollapse;
int c_badstartverts;
#define MAX_SUPERVERTS 512
int superverts[MAX_SUPERVERTS];
int numsuperverts;
face_t *edgefaces[MAX_MAP_EDGES][2];
int firstmodeledge = 1;
int firstmodelface;
int c_tryedges;
vec3_t edge_dir;
vec3_t edge_start;
vec_t edge_len;
int num_edge_verts;
int edge_verts[MAX_MAP_VERTS];
face_t *NewFaceFromFace (face_t *f);
//===========================================================================
typedef struct hashvert_s
{
struct hashvert_s *next;
int num;
} hashvert_t;
#define HASH_SIZE 64
int vertexchain[MAX_MAP_VERTS]; // the next vertex in a hash chain
int hashverts[HASH_SIZE*HASH_SIZE]; // a vertex number, or 0 for no verts
face_t *edgefaces[MAX_MAP_EDGES][2];
//============================================================================
unsigned HashVec (vec3_t vec)
{
int x, y;
x = (4096 + (int)(vec[0]+0.5)) >> 7;
y = (4096 + (int)(vec[1]+0.5)) >> 7;
if ( x < 0 || x >= HASH_SIZE || y < 0 || y >= HASH_SIZE )
Error ("HashVec: point outside valid range");
return y*HASH_SIZE + x;
}
#ifdef USE_HASHING
/*
=============
GetVertex
Uses hashing
=============
*/
int GetVertexnum (vec3_t in)
{
int h;
int i;
float *p;
vec3_t vert;
int vnum;
c_totalverts++;
for (i=0 ; i<3 ; i++)
{
if ( fabs(in[i] - Q_rint(in[i])) < INTEGRAL_EPSILON)
vert[i] = Q_rint(in[i]);
else
vert[i] = in[i];
}
h = HashVec (vert);
for (vnum=hashverts[h] ; vnum ; vnum=vertexchain[vnum])
{
p = dvertexes[vnum].point;
if ( fabs(p[0]-vert[0])<POINT_EPSILON
&& fabs(p[1]-vert[1])<POINT_EPSILON
&& fabs(p[2]-vert[2])<POINT_EPSILON )
return vnum;
}
// emit a vertex
if (numvertexes == MAX_MAP_VERTS)
Error ("numvertexes == MAX_MAP_VERTS");
dvertexes[numvertexes].point[0] = vert[0];
dvertexes[numvertexes].point[1] = vert[1];
dvertexes[numvertexes].point[2] = vert[2];
vertexchain[numvertexes] = hashverts[h];
hashverts[h] = numvertexes;
c_uniqueverts++;
numvertexes++;
return numvertexes-1;
}
#else
/*
==================
GetVertexnum
Dumb linear search
==================
*/
int GetVertexnum (vec3_t v)
{
int i, j;
dvertex_t *dv;
vec_t d;
c_totalverts++;
// make really close values exactly integral
for (i=0 ; i<3 ; i++)
{
if ( fabs(v[i] - (int)(v[i]+0.5)) < INTEGRAL_EPSILON )
v[i] = (int)(v[i]+0.5);
if (v[i] < -4096 || v[i] > 4096)
Error ("GetVertexnum: outside +/- 4096");
}
// search for an existing vertex match
for (i=0, dv=dvertexes ; i<numvertexes ; i++, dv++)
{
for (j=0 ; j<3 ; j++)
{
d = v[j] - dv->point[j];
if ( d > POINT_EPSILON || d < -POINT_EPSILON)
break;
}
if (j == 3)
return i; // a match
}
// new point
if (numvertexes == MAX_MAP_VERTS)
Error ("MAX_MAP_VERTS");
VectorCopy (v, dv->point);
numvertexes++;
c_uniqueverts++;
return numvertexes-1;
}
#endif
/*
==================
FaceFromSuperverts
The faces vertexes have been added to the superverts[] array,
and there may be more there than can be held in a face (MAXEDGES).
If less, the faces vertexnums[] will be filled in, otherwise
face will reference a tree of split[] faces until all of the
vertexnums can be added.
superverts[base] will become face->vertexnums[0], and the others
will be circularly filled in.
==================
*/
void FaceFromSuperverts (node_t *node, face_t *f, int base)
{
face_t *newf;
int remaining;
int i;
remaining = numsuperverts;
while (remaining > MAXEDGES)
{ // must split into two faces, because of vertex overload
c_faceoverflows++;
newf = f->split[0] = NewFaceFromFace (f);
newf = f->split[0];
newf->next = node->faces;
node->faces = newf;
newf->numpoints = MAXEDGES;
for (i=0 ; i<MAXEDGES ; i++)
newf->vertexnums[i] = superverts[(i+base)%numsuperverts];
f->split[1] = NewFaceFromFace (f);
f = f->split[1];
f->next = node->faces;
node->faces = f;
remaining -= (MAXEDGES-2);
base = (base+MAXEDGES-1)%numsuperverts;
}
// copy the vertexes back to the face
f->numpoints = remaining;
for (i=0 ; i<remaining ; i++)
f->vertexnums[i] = superverts[(i+base)%numsuperverts];
}
/*
==================
EmitFaceVertexes
==================
*/
void EmitFaceVertexes (node_t *node, face_t *f)
{
winding_t *w;
int i;
if (f->merged || f->split[0] || f->split[1])
return;
w = f->w;
for (i=0 ; i<w->numpoints ; i++)
{
if (noweld)
{ // make every point unique
if (numvertexes == MAX_MAP_VERTS)
Error ("MAX_MAP_VERTS");
superverts[i] = numvertexes;
VectorCopy (w->p[i], dvertexes[numvertexes].point);
numvertexes++;
c_uniqueverts++;
c_totalverts++;
}
else
superverts[i] = GetVertexnum (w->p[i]);
}
numsuperverts = w->numpoints;
// this may fragment the face if > MAXEDGES
FaceFromSuperverts (node, f, 0);
}
/*
==================
EmitVertexes_r
==================
*/
void EmitVertexes_r (node_t *node)
{
int i;
face_t *f;
if (node->planenum == PLANENUM_LEAF)
return;
for (f=node->faces ; f ; f=f->next)
{
EmitFaceVertexes (node, f);
}
for (i=0 ; i<2 ; i++)
EmitVertexes_r (node->children[i]);
}
#ifdef USE_HASHING
/*
==========
FindEdgeVerts
Uses the hash tables to cut down to a small number
==========
*/
void FindEdgeVerts (vec3_t v1, vec3_t v2)
{
int x1, x2, y1, y2, t;
int x, y;
int vnum;
#if 0
{
int i;
num_edge_verts = numvertexes-1;
for (i=0 ; i<numvertexes-1 ; i++)
edge_verts[i] = i+1;
}
#endif
x1 = (4096 + (int)(v1[0]+0.5)) >> 7;
y1 = (4096 + (int)(v1[1]+0.5)) >> 7;
x2 = (4096 + (int)(v2[0]+0.5)) >> 7;
y2 = (4096 + (int)(v2[1]+0.5)) >> 7;
if (x1 > x2)
{
t = x1;
x1 = x2;
x2 = t;
}
if (y1 > y2)
{
t = y1;
y1 = y2;
y2 = t;
}
#if 0
x1--;
x2++;
y1--;
y2++;
if (x1 < 0)
x1 = 0;
if (x2 >= HASH_SIZE)
x2 = HASH_SIZE;
if (y1 < 0)
y1 = 0;
if (y2 >= HASH_SIZE)
y2 = HASH_SIZE;
#endif
num_edge_verts = 0;
for (x=x1 ; x <= x2 ; x++)
{
for (y=y1 ; y <= y2 ; y++)
{
for (vnum=hashverts[y*HASH_SIZE+x] ; vnum ; vnum=vertexchain[vnum])
{
edge_verts[num_edge_verts++] = vnum;
}
}
}
}
#else
/*
==========
FindEdgeVerts
Forced a dumb check of everything
==========
*/
void FindEdgeVerts (vec3_t v1, vec3_t v2)
{
int i;
num_edge_verts = numvertexes-1;
for (i=0 ; i<num_edge_verts ; i++)
edge_verts[i] = i+1;
}
#endif
/*
==========
TestEdge
Can be recursively reentered
==========
*/
void TestEdge (vec_t start, vec_t end, int p1, int p2, int startvert)
{
int j, k;
vec_t dist;
vec3_t delta;
vec3_t exact;
vec3_t off;
vec_t error;
vec3_t p;
if (p1 == p2)
{
c_degenerate++;
return; // degenerate edge
}
for (k=startvert ; k<num_edge_verts ; k++)
{
j = edge_verts[k];
if (j==p1 || j == p2)
continue;
VectorCopy (dvertexes[j].point, p);
VectorSubtract (p, edge_start, delta);
dist = DotProduct (delta, edge_dir);
if (dist <=start || dist >= end)
continue; // off an end
VectorMA (edge_start, dist, edge_dir, exact);
VectorSubtract (p, exact, off);
error = VectorLength (off);
if (fabs(error) > OFF_EPSILON)
continue; // not on the edge
// break the edge
c_tjunctions++;
TestEdge (start, dist, p1, j, k+1);
TestEdge (dist, end, j, p2, k+1);
return;
}
// the edge p1 to p2 is now free of tjunctions
if (numsuperverts >= MAX_SUPERVERTS)
Error ("MAX_SUPERVERTS");
superverts[numsuperverts] = p1;
numsuperverts++;
}
/*
==================
FixFaceEdges
==================
*/
void FixFaceEdges (node_t *node, face_t *f)
{
int p1, p2;
int i;
vec3_t e2;
vec_t len;
int count[MAX_SUPERVERTS], start[MAX_SUPERVERTS];
int base;
if (f->merged || f->split[0] || f->split[1])
return;
numsuperverts = 0;
for (i=0 ; i<f->numpoints ; i++)
{
p1 = f->vertexnums[i];
p2 = f->vertexnums[(i+1)%f->numpoints];
VectorCopy (dvertexes[p1].point, edge_start);
VectorCopy (dvertexes[p2].point, e2);
FindEdgeVerts (edge_start, e2);
VectorSubtract (e2, edge_start, edge_dir);
len = VectorNormalize(edge_dir);
start[i] = numsuperverts;
TestEdge (0, len, p1, p2, 0);
count[i] = numsuperverts - start[i];
}
if (numsuperverts < 3)
{ // entire face collapsed
f->numpoints = 0;
c_facecollapse++;
return;
}
// we want to pick a vertex that doesn't have tjunctions
// on either side, which can cause artifacts on trifans,
// especially underwater
for (i=0 ; i<f->numpoints ; i++)
{
if (count[i] == 1 && count[(i+f->numpoints-1)%f->numpoints] == 1)
break;
}
if (i == f->numpoints)
{
f->badstartvert = true;
c_badstartverts++;
base = 0;
}
else
{ // rotate the vertex order
base = start[i];
}
// this may fragment the face if > MAXEDGES
FaceFromSuperverts (node, f, base);
}
/*
==================
FixEdges_r
==================
*/
void FixEdges_r (node_t *node)
{
int i;
face_t *f;
if (node->planenum == PLANENUM_LEAF)
return;
for (f=node->faces ; f ; f=f->next)
FixFaceEdges (node, f);
for (i=0 ; i<2 ; i++)
FixEdges_r (node->children[i]);
}
/*
===========
FixTjuncs
===========
*/
void FixTjuncs (node_t *headnode)
{
// snap and merge all vertexes
qprintf ("---- snap verts ----\n");
memset (hashverts, 0, sizeof(hashverts));
c_totalverts = 0;
c_uniqueverts = 0;
c_faceoverflows = 0;
EmitVertexes_r (headnode);
qprintf ("%i unique from %i\n", c_uniqueverts, c_totalverts);
// break edges on tjunctions
qprintf ("---- tjunc ----\n");
c_tryedges = 0;
c_degenerate = 0;
c_facecollapse = 0;
c_tjunctions = 0;
if (!notjunc)
FixEdges_r (headnode);
qprintf ("%5i edges degenerated\n", c_degenerate);
qprintf ("%5i faces degenerated\n", c_facecollapse);
qprintf ("%5i edges added by tjunctions\n", c_tjunctions);
qprintf ("%5i faces added by tjunctions\n", c_faceoverflows);
qprintf ("%5i bad start verts\n", c_badstartverts);
}
//========================================================
int c_faces;
face_t *AllocFace (void)
{
face_t *f;
f = GetMemory(sizeof(*f));
memset (f, 0, sizeof(*f));
c_faces++;
return f;
}
face_t *NewFaceFromFace (face_t *f)
{
face_t *newf;
newf = AllocFace ();
*newf = *f;
newf->merged = NULL;
newf->split[0] = newf->split[1] = NULL;
newf->w = NULL;
return newf;
}
void FreeFace (face_t *f)
{
if (f->w)
FreeWinding (f->w);
FreeMemory(f);
c_faces--;
}
//========================================================
/*
==================
GetEdge
Called by writebsp.
Don't allow four way edges
==================
*/
int GetEdge2 (int v1, int v2, face_t *f)
{
dedge_t *edge;
int i;
c_tryedges++;
if (!noshare)
{
for (i=firstmodeledge ; i < numedges ; i++)
{
edge = &dedges[i];
if (v1 == edge->v[1] && v2 == edge->v[0]
&& edgefaces[i][0]->contents == f->contents)
{
if (edgefaces[i][1])
// printf ("WARNING: multiple backward edge\n");
continue;
edgefaces[i][1] = f;
return -i;
}
#if 0
if (v1 == edge->v[0] && v2 == edge->v[1])
{
printf ("WARNING: multiple forward edge\n");
return i;
}
#endif
}
}
// emit an edge
if (numedges >= MAX_MAP_EDGES)
Error ("numedges == MAX_MAP_EDGES");
edge = &dedges[numedges];
numedges++;
edge->v[0] = v1;
edge->v[1] = v2;
edgefaces[numedges-1][0] = f;
return numedges-1;
}
/*
===========================================================================
FACE MERGING
===========================================================================
*/
/*
=============
TryMerge
If two polygons share a common edge and the edges that meet at the
common points are both inside the other polygons, merge them
Returns NULL if the faces couldn't be merged, or the new face.
The originals will NOT be freed.
=============
*/
face_t *TryMerge (face_t *f1, face_t *f2, vec3_t planenormal)
{
face_t *newf;
winding_t *nw;
if (!f1->w || !f2->w)
return NULL;
if (f1->texinfo != f2->texinfo)
return NULL;
if (f1->planenum != f2->planenum) // on front and back sides
return NULL;
if (f1->contents != f2->contents)
return NULL;
nw = TryMergeWinding (f1->w, f2->w, planenormal);
if (!nw)
return NULL;
c_merge++;
newf = NewFaceFromFace (f1);
newf->w = nw;
f1->merged = newf;
f2->merged = newf;
return newf;
}
/*
===============
MergeNodeFaces
===============
*/
void MergeNodeFaces (node_t *node)
{
face_t *f1, *f2, *end;
face_t *merged;
plane_t *plane;
plane = &mapplanes[node->planenum];
merged = NULL;
for (f1 = node->faces ; f1 ; f1 = f1->next)
{
if (f1->merged || f1->split[0] || f1->split[1])
continue;
for (f2 = node->faces ; f2 != f1 ; f2=f2->next)
{
if (f2->merged || f2->split[0] || f2->split[1])
continue;
//IDBUG: always passes the face's node's normal to TryMerge()
//regardless of which side the face is on. Approximately 50% of
//the time the face will be on the other side of node, and thus
//the result of the convex/concave test in TryMergeWinding(),
//which depends on the normal, is flipped. This causes faces
//that shouldn't be merged to be merged and faces that
//should be merged to not be merged.
//the following added line fixes this bug
//thanks to: Alexander Malmberg <alexander@malmberg.org>
plane = &mapplanes[f1->planenum];
//
merged = TryMerge (f1, f2, plane->normal);
if (!merged)
continue;
// add merged to the end of the node face list
// so it will be checked against all the faces again
for (end = node->faces ; end->next ; end = end->next)
;
merged->next = NULL;
end->next = merged;
break;
}
}
}
//=====================================================================
/*
===============
SubdivideFace
Chop up faces that are larger than we want in the surface cache
===============
*/
void SubdivideFace (node_t *node, face_t *f)
{
float mins, maxs;
vec_t v;
int axis, i;
texinfo_t *tex;
vec3_t temp;
vec_t dist;
winding_t *w, *frontw, *backw;
if (f->merged)
return;
// special (non-surface cached) faces don't need subdivision
tex = &texinfo[f->texinfo];
if ( tex->flags & (SURF_WARP|SURF_SKY) )
{
return;
}
for (axis = 0 ; axis < 2 ; axis++)
{
while (1)
{
mins = 999999;
maxs = -999999;
VectorCopy (tex->vecs[axis], temp);
w = f->w;
for (i=0 ; i<w->numpoints ; i++)
{
v = DotProduct (w->p[i], temp);
if (v < mins)
mins = v;
if (v > maxs)
maxs = v;
}
#if 0
if (maxs - mins <= 0)
Error ("zero extents");
#endif
if (axis == 2)
{ // allow double high walls
if (maxs - mins <= subdivide_size/* *2 */)
break;
}
else if (maxs - mins <= subdivide_size)
break;
// split it
c_subdivide++;
v = VectorNormalize (temp);
dist = (mins + subdivide_size - 16)/v;
ClipWindingEpsilon (w, temp, dist, ON_EPSILON, &frontw, &backw);
if (!frontw || !backw)
Error ("SubdivideFace: didn't split the polygon");
f->split[0] = NewFaceFromFace (f);
f->split[0]->w = frontw;
f->split[0]->next = node->faces;
node->faces = f->split[0];
f->split[1] = NewFaceFromFace (f);
f->split[1]->w = backw;
f->split[1]->next = node->faces;
node->faces = f->split[1];
SubdivideFace (node, f->split[0]);
SubdivideFace (node, f->split[1]);
return;
}
}
}
void SubdivideNodeFaces (node_t *node)
{
face_t *f;
for (f = node->faces ; f ; f=f->next)
{
SubdivideFace (node, f);
}
}
//===========================================================================
int c_nodefaces;
/*
============
FaceFromPortal
============
*/
face_t *FaceFromPortal (portal_t *p, int pside)
{
face_t *f;
side_t *side;
side = p->side;
if (!side)
return NULL; // portal does not bridge different visible contents
f = AllocFace ();
f->texinfo = side->texinfo;
f->planenum = (side->planenum & ~1) | pside;
f->portal = p;
if ( (p->nodes[pside]->contents & CONTENTS_WINDOW)
&& VisibleContents(p->nodes[!pside]->contents^p->nodes[pside]->contents) == CONTENTS_WINDOW )
return NULL; // don't show insides of windows
if (pside)
{
f->w = ReverseWinding(p->winding);
f->contents = p->nodes[1]->contents;
}
else
{
f->w = CopyWinding(p->winding);
f->contents = p->nodes[0]->contents;
}
return f;
}
/*
===============
MakeFaces_r
If a portal will make a visible face,
mark the side that originally created it
solid / empty : solid
solid / water : solid
water / empty : water
water / water : none
===============
*/
void MakeFaces_r (node_t *node)
{
portal_t *p;
int s;
// recurse down to leafs
if (node->planenum != PLANENUM_LEAF)
{
MakeFaces_r (node->children[0]);
MakeFaces_r (node->children[1]);
// merge together all visible faces on the node
if (!nomerge)
MergeNodeFaces (node);
if (!nosubdiv)
SubdivideNodeFaces (node);
return;
}
// solid leafs never have visible faces
if (node->contents & CONTENTS_SOLID)
return;
// see which portals are valid
for (p=node->portals ; p ; p = p->next[s])
{
s = (p->nodes[1] == node);
p->face[s] = FaceFromPortal (p, s);
if (p->face[s])
{
c_nodefaces++;
p->face[s]->next = p->onnode->faces;
p->onnode->faces = p->face[s];
}
}
}
/*
============
MakeFaces
============
*/
void MakeFaces (node_t *node)
{
qprintf ("--- MakeFaces ---\n");
c_merge = 0;
c_subdivide = 0;
c_nodefaces = 0;
MakeFaces_r (node);
qprintf ("%5i makefaces\n", c_nodefaces);
qprintf ("%5i merged\n", c_merge);
qprintf ("%5i subdivided\n", c_subdivide);
}
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