Domain 1: Security and Risk Management
SLE = AV * EF
- Single Loss Expectancy (SLE) - Negative impact for one-time occurrence
- Asset Value (AV)
- Exposure Factor (EF) - If a flood will damage 40% of your data center, EF is 40%
- Annual Rate of Occurance
ALE = ARO * SLE
🍺= 😍(get it?)
- Ale makes arousal
- Annual Loss Expectancy = Rate of Occurrence - Single Loss Expectancy
STRIDE - Microsoft threat modeling tool
- S poofing
- T ampering
- R epudiation - attacker can deny participation
- I nformation disclosure
- D enial of service
- E levation of privilege
PTA keeps the children safe!
- P hysical - Tangible. Locks, guards, alligator moats, etc.
- T echincal/Logical - Automated or electronic systems.
- A dministrative - Policy, signage.
Due Care vs Due Diligence
Imagine you have a pool. To protect children and animals from drowning in your pool, you exercise due care by building a fence around the pool. Regularly checking the fence for vulnerabilities and correcting them demonstrates due diligence.
- Due Care - A vendor engaging in a reasonable and expected manner for the circumstance
- Due Diligence - Demonstrates due care
Domain 3: Security Engineering
Brewer-Nash is also known as "The Chinese Wall" and protects against conflict of interest. Remember Chinese "brew" tea.
Simple Security vs *-Security
You must read before you can write. So reading is "simpler" than writing. This makes reading the simple security model and writing the *-security model.
Integrity vs Confidentiality models
- Integrity Models have the letter "I" in them.
- Bell LaPadula and Biba - Since Biba has an "I" I it, it is integrity. The two are opposite so Bell is confidentiality. For some something confidential you don't want a subject reading up above their security. So Bell has a no read up property. With this we can extract read and write for both Biba and Bell
|No Read Up||Read Up|
|Write Down||No Write Down|
Domain 4: Communications & Network Security
Factorization of Primes vs Discreet Logs
Found this somewhere else but it made me laugh and was easy to remember: Mr. Diffie-Hellman and Dr. ElGamal are phantom poopers! They leave discreet logs!
DES Modes of Operation
Most important thing here is remember strength from weakest to strongest. No clear mnemonic to do this. My approach:
- Remember the first and the last.
- The center 3 are alphabetical by name and/or abbreviation.
- ECB - Electronic Code Block (also the only one that doesn't support an initialization vector)
- CBC - Cipher Block Chaining
- CFB - Cipher Feedback
- OFB - Output Feedback Mode
- CTR - Counter
Cloud Computing Operating Model
IaaS, PaaS, SaaS - Remember Pizza as a Service
Domain 7: Security operations
Fire Classes and Extinguisher Types
|A||Ash||Ordinary solid combustibles|
|B||Boil, Bubble||Flammable liquids and gasses|
|K||Kitchen||Oils and fats|
Domain 8: Software Development Security
Ring computing model
Remember "Zero KODU"