GLOVE (GL Over Vulkan) is a cross-platform software library that acts as an intermediate layer between an OpenGL application and Vulkan
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GLOVE - GL Over Vulkan

GLOVE functionality

GLOVE (GL Over Vulkan) is a cross-platform software library that acts as an intermediate layer between an OpenGL ES application and Vulkan.

GLOVE is focused towards embedded systems and is comprised of OpenGL ES and EGL implementations, which translate at runtime all OpenGL ES / EGL calls & ESSL shaders to Vulkan commands & SPIR-V shader respectively and finally relays them to the underlying Vulkan driver.

GLOVE has been designed towards facilitating developers to easily build and integrate new features, allowing at the same time its further extension, portability and interoperability. Currently, GLOVE supports OpenGL ES 2.0 and EGL 1.4 on Linux and Android platforms, but the modular design can be easily extended to encompass implementations of other client APIs as well.

GLOVE is considered as a work-in-progress and is open-sourced under the LGPL v3 license through which it is provided as free software with unlimited use for educational and research purposes.

Future planned extensions of GLOVE include the support for OpenGL ES 3.x and OpenGL applications.


The minimum Vulkan loader version must be 1.0.24.

Optionally, GLOVE supports the VK_KHR_maintenance1 extension, used for OpenGL to Vulkan Coordinates conversion (left handed to right handed coordinate system).

Tested with the following configurations

GLOVE has been successfully tested with GLOVE demos with the following configurations

GL version Graphics Card Vulkan Driver Vulkan API OS Windows Platform Status
ES 2.0 Intel Ivybridge Desktop Mesa 17.3.3 1.0.54 Ubuntu 16.04 XCB success
ES 2.0 Intel HD Graphics 530 (Skylake GT2) Mesa 18.0.5 1.0.57 Ubuntu 16.04 XCB success
ES 2.0 Intel HD Graphics 630 (Kabylake GT2) Mesa 18.0.5 1.0.61 Ubuntu 16.04 XCB success
ES 2.0 GeForce 940M NVIDIA 396.51 1.1.70 Ubuntu 16.04 XCB success
ES 2.0 GeForce GTX 670 NVIDIA 396.54 1.1.70 Ubuntu 18.04 XCB success
ES 2.0 Mali-G71 ARM 482.381.3347 1.0.26 Android 7.0 Android success
ES 2.0 Mali-G71 ARM 485.111.1108 1.0.65 Android 8.0 Android success

Software Design

You can find a short description on GLOVE's software design as well as "How To extend GLOVE" guidelines in the GLOVE Design Document.


GLOVE project is considered as work in progress, therefore contributions are more than welcome! Guidelines of how to contribute to GLOVE can be found here.

Installation Instructions

Download the Repository

To create your local git repository:

git clone

Required Packages

To install all required packages:

sudo apt-get install git cmake extra-cmake-modules libvulkan-dev vulkan-utils build-essential libx11-xcb-dev

Optionally "mesa-vulkan-drivers" package is needed if no other Vulkan driver is available. The compiler minimum version that this project is built with, is GCC 4.9.3, although earlier versions may work.

External Repositories Dependencies

Khronos glslang repository is mandatory for compiling, validating and generating SPIR-V from ESSL shaders.

Google googletest repository is used for unit testing.

To get and build the above projects:



View the Building Instructions for detailed instructions on how to configure and build GLOVE on the supported platforms.

Known Issues

GLOVE is considered as work-in-progress, therefore there are known issues that have to be resolved or improved.

You can see a detailed list of issues in the Known Issues List.


A demo SDK that contains fully commented, highly optimized C applications (accompanied by the ESSL shader source code) is available with GLOVE. These demos demonstrate some simple rendering techniques with different geometry complexities, as they were designed with the restrictions of low-power embedded platforms in mind.

See details in Demos README.


GLOVE is aiming to take advantage of Vulkan in terms of performance. Our preliminary results are very promising and further major performance upgrades are also in progress. Instructions to use some available benchmarks for testing can be found in the Benchmarking README.