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Simple Unit Testing for C
C Ruby Makefile Python
branch: master

Added break out of system vs local includes for enhanced include-base…

…d dependency extraction to aid new cmock Make task/build generation.

Bumber build and version info since new external capability added for querying includes.

README.md

Unity Test API

Unity Build Status Copyright (c) 2007 - 2014 Unity Project by Mike Karlesky, Mark VanderVoord, and Greg Williams

Running Tests

RUN_TEST(func, linenum)

Each Test is run within the macro RUN_TEST. This macro performs necessary setup before the test is called and handles cleanup and result tabulation afterwards.

Ignoring Tests

There are times when a test is incomplete or not valid for some reason. At these times, TEST_IGNORE can be called. Control will immediately be returned to the caller of the test, and no failures will be returned.

TEST_IGNORE()

Ignore this test and return immediately

TEST_IGNORE_MESSAGE (message)

Ignore this test and return immediately. Output a message stating why the test was ignored.

Aborting Tests

There are times when a test will contain an infinite loop on error conditions, or there may be reason to escape from the test early without executing the rest of the test. A pair of macros support this functionality in Unity. The first TEST_PROTECT sets up the feature, and handles emergency abort cases. TEST_ABORT can then be used at any time within the tests to return to the last TEST_PROTECT call.

TEST_PROTECT()

Setup and Catch macro

TEST_ABORT()

Abort Test macro

Example:

main()
{
    if (TEST_PROTECT() == 0)
    {
        MyTest();
    }
}

If MyTest calls TEST_ABORT, program control will immediately return to TEST_PROTECT with a non-zero return value.

Unity Assertion Summary

Basic Validity Tests

TEST_ASSERT_TRUE(condition)

Evaluates whatever code is in condition and fails if it evaluates to false

TEST_ASSERT_FALSE(condition)

Evaluates whatever code is in condition and fails if it evaluates to true

TEST_ASSERT(condition)

Another way of calling TEST_ASSERT_TRUE

TEST_ASSERT_UNLESS(condition)

Another way of calling TEST_ASSERT_FALSE

TEST_FAIL()
TEST_FAIL_MESSAGE(message)

This test is automatically marked as a failure. The message is output stating why.

Numerical Assertions: Integers

TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_INT(expected, actual)
TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_INT8(expected, actual)
TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_INT16(expected, actual)
TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_INT32(expected, actual)
TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_INT64(expected, actual)

Compare two integers for equality and display errors as signed integers. A cast will be performed to your natural integer size so often this can just be used. When you need to specify the exact size, like when comparing arrays, you can use a specific version:

TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_UINT(expected, actual)
TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_UINT8(expected, actual)
TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_UINT16(expected, actual)
TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_UINT32(expected, actual)
TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_UINT64(expected, actual)

Compare two integers for equality and display errors as unsigned integers. Like INT, there are variants for different sizes also.

TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_HEX(expected, actual)
TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_HEX8(expected, actual)
TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_HEX16(expected, actual)
TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_HEX32(expected, actual)
TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_HEX64(expected, actual)

Compares two integers for equality and display errors as hexadecimal. Like the other integer comparisons, you can specify the size... here the size will also effect how many nibbles are shown (for example, HEX16 will show 4 nibbles).

_ARRAY

You can append _ARRAY to any of these macros to make an array comparison of that type. Here you will need to care a bit more about the actual size of the value being checked. You will also specify an additional argument which is the number of elements to compare. For example:

TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_HEX8_ARRAY(expected, actual, elements)

TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL(expected, actual)

Another way of calling TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_INT

TEST_ASSERT_INT_WITHIN(delta, expected, actual)

Asserts that the actual value is within plus or minus delta of the expected value. This also comes in size specific variants.

Numerical Assertions: Bitwise

TEST_ASSERT_BITS(mask, expected, actual)

Use an integer mask to specify which bits should be compared between two other integers. High bits in the mask are compared, low bits ignored.

TEST_ASSERT_BITS_HIGH(mask, actual)

Use an integer mask to specify which bits should be inspected to determine if they are all set high. High bits in the mask are compared, low bits ignored.

TEST_ASSERT_BITS_LOW(mask, actual)

Use an integer mask to specify which bits should be inspected to determine if they are all set low. High bits in the mask are compared, low bits ignored.

TEST_ASSERT_BIT_HIGH(bit, actual)

Test a single bit and verify that it is high. The bit is specified 0-31 for a 32-bit integer.

TEST_ASSERT_BIT_LOW(bit, actual)

Test a single bit and verify that it is low. The bit is specified 0-31 for a 32-bit integer.

Numerical Assertions: Floats

TEST_ASSERT_FLOAT_WITHIN(delta, expected, actual)

Asserts that the actual value is within plus or minus delta of the expected value.

TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_FLOAT(expected, actual)
TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_DOUBLE(expected, actual)

Asserts that two floating point values are "equal" within a small % delta of the expected value.

String Assertions

TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_STRING(expected, actual)

Compare two null-terminate strings. Fail if any character is different or if the lengths are different.

TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_STRING_MESSAGE(expected, actual, message)

Compare two null-terminate strings. Fail if any character is different or if the lengths are different. Output a custom message on failure.

Pointer Assertions

Most pointer operations can be performed by simply using the integer comparisons above. However, a couple of special cases are added for clarity.

TEST_ASSERT_NULL(pointer)

Fails if the pointer is not equal to NULL

TEST_ASSERT_NOT_NULL(pointer)

Fails if the pointer is equal to NULL

Memory Assertions

TEST_ASSERT_EQUAL_MEMORY(expected, actual, len)

Compare two blocks of memory. This is a good generic assertion for types that can't be coerced into acting like standard types... but since it's a memory compare, you have to be careful that your data types are packed.

_MESSAGE

you can append _MESSAGE to any of the macros to make them take an additional argument. This argument is a string that will be printed at the end of the failure strings. This is useful for specifying more information about the problem.

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