ArangoDB-driver in golang
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aranGoDriver Build Status

This project is a golang-driver for ArangoDB writen in go.
There is also an embedded-in-memory-Database to run all your tests.

Currently implemented:

If you miss something, please contact me!

Getting started

All you need is a running Arango-DB and a go-environment.

Install aranGoDriver: go get

Write your first aranGoDriver-Programm:

func main() {
    var session aranGoDriver.Session
    // Initialize a arango-Session with the address to your arangoDB.
    // If you write a test use:
    // session = aranGoDriver.NewTestSession()
    session = aranGoDriver.NewAranGoDriverSession("http://localhost:8529")

    // Connect to your arango-database:
	session.Connect("usnername", "secretPassword")

    // Concrats, you are connected!
    // Let's print out all your databases
    list, err := session.ListDBs()
    if err != nil {
        log.Fatal("there was a problem: ", err)

    // Create a new database
    err = session.CreateDB("myNewDatabase")
    // TODO: handle err

    // Create a new collection
    err = session.CreateCollection("myNewDatabase", "myNewCollection")
    // TODO: handle err

    // Create Document
    newDocument := make(map[string]interface{})
    newDocument["foo"] = "bar"
    arangoID, err = session.CreateDocument("myNewDatabase", "myNewCollection", newDocument)


Test against a fake-in-memory-database:

go test

Test with a real database

go test -dbhost http://localhost:8529 -dbusername root -dbpassword password123


Connect to your ArangoDB

You need a new Session to your database with the hostname as parameter. Then connect with an existing username and a password.

session := aranGoDriver.NewAranGoDriverSession("http://localhost:8529")
session.Connect("username", "password")


version, err := session.Version()


To use this methods you need a session as root user.

// create a new user
err := session.CreateUser("username", "password")

// delete an existing user
err := session.DropUser("username")

// grant permissions for a database
err := session.GrantDB("database", "username", "rw")
// Instead of "rw" you can also use "ro" or "none"

// grant permissions for collections
err := session.GrantCollection("database", "collection", "username", "rw") 
// Instead of "rw" you can also use "ro" or "none"
// and instead of a collection name, you can use "*" for all collections


// list databases
list := session.ListDBs()
fmt.Println(list) // will print ([]string): [ _system test testDB]

// create databases
err := session.CreateDB("myNewDatabase")

// drop databases
err = session.DropDB("myNewDatabase")


// create a collection in a database
err = CreateCollection("myNewDatabase", "myNewCollection")

// drop collection from database
err = DropCollection("myNewDatabase", "myNewCollection")

// truncate database
err = TruncateCollection("myNewDatabase", "myNewCollection")


// create a collection in a database
err = CreateEdgeCollection("myNewDatabase", "myNewEdgeCollection")


// create document
testDoc["foo"] = "bar"
arangoID, err := session.CreateDocument("myNewDatabase", "myNewCollection", testDoc)

// get by id
resultAsMap, err := session.GetCollectionByID("myNewDatabase", idOfDocument)

// update Document
testDoc["bar"] = "foo"
err = session.UpdateDocument("myNewDatabase", arangoID.ID, testDoc)


arangoID, err := session.CreateDocument("myNewDatabase", "myNewCollection", testDoc)


To create a graph, you need to define the edges and nodes for the graph. This can be done with the EdgeDefinition model.

edgeDefinition := models.EdgeDefinition{
    Collection: "myEdgeCollection",
    From:       []string{"myCollection1"},
    To:         []string{"myCollection2"}}
edgeDefinitions := []models.EdgeDefinition{edgeDefinition}

err := session.CreateGraph("myDatabase", "myGraph", edgeDefinitions)

If you want to get rid of an existing graph, you can use the DropGraph method.

err := session.DropGraph("myDatabase", "myGraph")

For an overview of your existing graphs, you can use ListGraphs.

str, b, err := session.ListGraphs("myDatabase")


In some cases you need 'migrations'. For example, you need default-user in your database in every environment. For this case, you can use migrations. The aranGoDriver write his own memo in a migrations-Collection in the standard -system-Database of arango, and execute the migration only one time. AranGoDriver will identificate the migration by name. Take a look to the following example:

// check migrations
mig1 := aranGoDriver.Migration{
    Name: "mig1", // name of migration to identificate
    Handle: func(embeddedSession aranGoDriver.Session) {
        testMap := make(map[string]interface{})
        testMap["foo"] = "foo"
        // you can do everything with the database
        embeddedSession.CreateDocument("myDatabase", "myCollection", testMap)
// excute migration
// Run This line before you 'main-loop' of your program


// create query
query := "FOR element in testColl FILTER == 'bar' RETURN element"
response, err := session.AqlQuery("myNewDatabase", query, true, 1)