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Python scripts for Exploratory Data Analysis of Pacific Biosciences sequence data
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This is a tools package for performing fairly low-level exploratory data analysis on sequence data from a Pacific Biosciences instrument. The scripts typically take as input a .bas.h5 file, as produced by the primary analysis software running on the instrument server. Some scripts also expect a .cmp.h5 file containing alignments produced by the secondary analysis step. The scripts are in Python, since that seems to be the native language of PacBio. Keep in mind that I'm a Python newbie, so they will not be as idiomatically correct as I'd like. The scripts (and their supporting packages) are described at a high level here. If you want to know more detail about what a script does and how, use the Force: read the source. I am a fairly loquacious commenter. Feedback and patches are always welcome. As of February 2013, I've moved from the Sanger Institute to the Frederick (MD) National Laboratory for Cancer Research. My new email is below. Tom Skelly (firstname.lastname@example.org) How to install: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Installation is trivial: Just untar the tar file to a location of your choice. At the Linux command line: cd MyFavouriteDirectory tar -xzvf TomSkelly-PacBioEDA-e1e8636.tar.gz (with e1e8636 replaced by the current github version id of the file you downloaded). That will create a subdirectory called TomSkelly-PacBioEDA-<version> containing the scripts. (You'll probably want to create a link to that directory with a more meaningful name.) The only further configuration required is to tell the scripts where to find the supporting Python modules they require, as described in the next section. How to run: ~~~~~~~~~~ In theory, the scripts can be run directly from the command line. However, they need to be told where to find the relevant Python packages (my modules, plus numpy, matplotlib, h5py, etc). You could do that by permanently setting the PATH, PYTHONPATH, and LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variables in your shell profile. But it's probably easier to run the scripts via the run_pac shell script included here. The settings in run_pac are a subset of those in smrtanalysis/etc/setup.sh. run_pac sets the appropriate environment variables, then invokes the python script you specify. You'll need to modify run_pac in a couple of places (indicated by comments) to point to your installation directories. Note that, in particular, the python executable itself (which the scripts find via $PATH) should be the one supplied in the smrtanalysis release (currently python 2.5, moving to 2.7 in PacBio release 1.3.0). If you mix and match (even different installations of v2.5), you may see obscure errors having to do with UTF8 encodings. Use the run_pac script to get all this right. Start by trying "run_pac ScriptName.py --help" for each script to see what parameters and options it accepts. Then do something like: run_pac PacBio_FindAdapt.py --nocol MyBasFile.bas.h5 6789 A note about offsets: ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ** REVISED REVISED REVISED REVISED ** Offsets printed are zero-based. Start-stop intervals are printed python-style: The interval 0-10 is ten bases long, and its last base is offset 9. Alignment coordinates against a reference genome used to be a stated exception to this rule. But it turns out that the alignment start/stop offsets in a cmp.h5 file are zero-based. (I just discovered this -- sorry!) Rather than go fixing this by adding bunch of +1's everywhere in the code, let's just let alignment offsets join the 0-based club along with everything else. Scripts: ~~~~~~~ * PacBio_BasSummary.py: Python script to print summary information about the contents of a *.bas.h5 file, as produced by the PacBio instrument. Provides counts of reads, subreads and bases for a hierarchy of increasingly restrictive subsets of subreads: Total contents of bas file Sequencing ZMWs Productivity-0 Sequencing ZMWs Productivity-2 Sequencing ZMWs Productivity-1 Sequencing ZMWs Reads with HQ region length > threshold Reads with HQ score > threshold Reads with average insert size > threshold (i.e., not adapter dimers) Reads which aligned (if a .cmp.h5 file was supplied) All of the above except average insert size are criteria applied by the filtering step of secondary analysis. Inputs are a .bas.h5 file and (optionally) a .cmp.h5 file, specified as command line parameters. Filtering parameters can be overridden on the command line. See the --help option for details. Output is to stdout. * PacBio_Bas.py: Print detailed data from *.bas.h5 file and (optionally) the *.cmp.h5 alignments file on a region-by-region basis. If a cmp.h5 file is supplied, it prints the alignment outcome for each region. First parameter is input *.bas.h5 file. Optional second parameter is *.cmp.h5 file. Output is to stdout, redirect with >. NOTE: For help in interpreting the various line types printed by this script, do "run_pac PacBio_Bas.py --linehelp". * PacBio_BasFilteredSubreads.py: Python script to extract filtered subreads from a bas.h5 file, and write them to a fasta (or, optionally, fastq) file. By default, it will reproduce the sec/data/filtered_subreads.fasta file for the set described by the input .bas.h5 file. Different filtering parameters can be specified as command line parameters. The main reason for the existence of this script is to convince myself that I understand how filtering works. But it also provides a quick way to extract a set of reads from a .bas.h5 file. The option to produce a fastq file is not easily available elsewhere (as of SMRTanalysis 1.2.3). It uses the QualityValue field from the bas.h5 data, and ascii-encodes it as Q+33. * PacBio_HQ.py Plot the number of ZMWs in pre-HQ, HQ, and post-HQ status as a function of time. * PacBio_HQHistory.py Create a time-stepped series of plots showing the spatial distribution on the SMRTcell of ZMWs in their HQ regions. * PacBio_XY.py Create a plot of ZMW status by x/y position on the SMRTcell. First parameter is input hdf5 file. Output png file is optional command line parameter, defaulting to XY.png. * PacBio_Productivity.py Create a plot of ZMW productivity by x/y position on the SMRTcell. First parameter is input .bas.h5 file. Output png file is optional command line parameter, defaulting to productivity.png. * PacBio_FindAdapt.py: Read a PacBio bas.h5 file, extract the sequence for a ZMW specified on the command line, align it to the adapter sequence, and output a plot of Smith-Waterman alignment scores at each position in the read. By default, output is to file ZMW-zzzzz.png, where zzzzz is the zero-padded ZMW number -- this can be overridden on the command line. Optional command line parameters specify a 0-based inclusive range of bases within the read. * PacBio_FullInsert.py: Read a PacBio bas.h5 file, find 'full' insert regions, and produce a histogram of their lengths. Full inserts are insert regions which cover the entire sequenced milecule. I.e., inserts which run from one adapter to the other. * PacBio_Show.py: Read a PacBio bas.h5 file, print a range of sequence from a specified ZMW in fasta format. Command line parameters are bas.h5 file name and ZMW#. Options include 0-based start and stop offsets. * PacBio_Dump.py: Dump a generic hdf5 file. Doesn't know anything about PacBio formats. First (only) parameter is input hdf5 file. Output is to stdout. Modules: ~~~~~~~ * H5BasFile.py: Support for common operations reading a PacBio bas.h5 file. * H5CmpFile.py: Package for accessing data from PacBio cmp.h5 alignment files. * SWAligner.py: Python module implementing a Smith-Waterman aligner with fixed gap penalty. NOTE: This is not going to be fast! It's intended for small jobs like finding adapters. We need a C version for the heavy lifting. * tt_log.py: Tiny module setting up parameters for Python logger for use by these scripts.