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posixovl — The POSIX Overlay Filesystem

Syntax

   mount.posixovl [-FH] [-S source_dir] target_dir [-- fuse_opts]

Description

   posixovl  provides a filesystem view that supports various POSIX opera‐
   tions while using an otherwise incapable lower filesystem.  Filesystems
   of  various  degrees  of  POSIXness  can be utilitzed. VFAT is a common
   denominator when it comes to cross-compatibility,  though  NTFS  —  its
   features  are unused in Linux — would be another possibility. Secondly,
   potent native POSIX-style filesystems can  also  be  used,  though  the
   actual use of doing that remains to be discovered.

Options

   If  no  source  directory is given, the target directory specifies both
   source and target (mountpoint), yielding an "overmount".

   -F     Disable permission and ownership checks on the lower filesystem.
          Normally  these  would  be  used  to check for POSIX filesystems
          mounted inside a non-POSIX tree. (For example,  where  /vfat  is
          vfat, and /vfat/xfs is a POSIX-behaving filesystem.)

   -H     When  this  option  is  enabled  and  a hardlink in the posixovl
          namespace is created, the contents of the file  will  be  repli‐
          cated  in  the  lower  filesystem  rather  than using zero-sized
          placeholder files. Note that the replicas will  not  be  updated
          later on when editing the inode through posixovl.

Supported operations

   posixovl  will  emulate  the following calls if the lower filesystem is
   incapable of supporting these operations:

   ·   chmod

   ·   chown

   ·   hard links

   ·   mkfifo

   ·   mknod

   ·   symbolic links

   The following currently only work in passthrough  mode  (when  using  a
   lower filesystem that already supports these):

   ·   Linux ACLs/xattrs

   Missing suppot:

   ·   Case-sensitivity

Notes

   Using  posixovl  on  an  already  POSIX-behaving  filesystem (e.g. XFS)
   incurs some issues, since detecting whether a path is POSIX behaving or
   not is difficult.  Hence, the following decision was made:

   ·   permissions  will  be  set  to  the default permissions (see below)
       unless  a  HCB  (hidden  control  block,  the  metadata  files  for
       posixovl) is found that can override these

   ·   all lower-level files will be operated on/created with the user who
       inititated the mount

   If no HCB exists for a file or directory, the default  permissions  are
   rw-r--r--  or rwxr-xr-x, respectively. The owner and group of the inode
   will be the owner/group of the real file.

   Each non-regular, non-directory virtual file will have a zero-size real
   file.   (Simplifies  handling, and makes it apprarent the object exists
   when using other operating systems.)

   `df` will show:
   $ df -Tah
   Filesystem    Type    Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
   /dev/hda5     vfat    5.9G  2.1G  3.9G  35% /windows/D
   posix-overlay(/windows/D)
        fuse.posixovl    5.9G  2.1G  3.9G  35% /windows/D

   In general, posixovl does not handle case-insensitivity of the underly‐
   ing  filesystem  (in  case  of vfat, for example). If you create a file
   "X0" on vfat, it is usually lowercased to "x0", which  may  break  some
   software,  namely X.org.  In order to make vfat behave more POSIX-like,
   the following mount options are recommended:

   $ mount -t vfat /dev/hda1 /windows/D -o check=s,shortname=mixed

Authors

   posixovl and this manpage were written by Jan Engelhardt.

   Development of posixovl was sponsored by Slax (http://www.slax.org/).

   This github repository is a fork of
   https://sourceforge.net/p/posixovl/posixovl