Files from the initial development and validation of the Student Wellbeing Teacher-Report Scales study
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SWTRS Form.pdf
SWTRS NASP Presentation.pptx


Author Title Updated
Tony Roberson


The Student Wellbeing Teacher Report Scales (SWTRS) were developed by Tony Roberson and Dr. Tyler Renshaw. These brief behavior rating scales are intended for use in universal mental health screening in schools for the purposes of identifying student risk, targeting adaptive skill areas for intervention, and progress monitoring.

Early exploratory research using a relatively small K-5 elementary school suggests the SWTRS item pool may be best described as measuring three substantive latent factors related to youth wellbeing at school from the perspective of the classroom teacher, each with strong internal consistency: (a) academic engagement, (b) prosocial behavior, and (c) positive emotional experiences.

These data also suggest responses to the SWTRS may be superior predictors of concurrent risk in (a) math and reading achievement, (b) time on-task during class, and (c) number of school absences compared to scores derived from brief teacher-reported measures of youth internalizing and externalizing problem behaviors—the Student Internalizing Behavior Screener and the Student Externalizing Behavior Screener.

File Guide

The folder "Data" contains all raw and cleaned datasets in .csv


  • SWTRS_Student Behaviors (Responses) - Form Responses 1.csv
  • SWTRS_Teacher Demographics (Responses) - Form Responses 1.csv


  • thesis.csv

The folder "AnalysisScripts" contains all R scripts

Preliminary cleaning and descriptives

  • thesis_DataCleaningScript.R
  • thesis_SWTRS Item Checks.R
  • thesis_descriptives.R

Primary Analyses

  • thesis_EFA.R
  • thesis_MLM absences script.R
  • thesis_MLM math performance script.R
  • thesis_MLM ela performance script.R
  • thesis_MLM TimeOnTask script.R