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MobilityDB

MobilityDB Logo

MobilityDB is an open source software program that adds support for temporal and spatio-temporal objects to the PostgreSQL object-relational database and its spatial extension PostGIS. MobilityDB follows the Moving Features specification from the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). Technically, MobilityDB is implemented as a PostgreSQL external extension.

MobilityDB is developed by the Computer & Decision Engineering Department of the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) under the direction of Prof. Esteban Zimányi. ULB is an OGC Associate Member.

OGC Associate Member Logo

Database adapters to access MobilityDB from Python are also available

Features

  • Time types Period, PeriodSet, and TimestampSet which, in addition of the the TimestampTz type provided by PostgreSQL, are used to represent time spans.
  • Temporal types tbool, tint, tfloat, and ttext which are based on the bool, int, float, and text types provided by PostgreSQL and are used to represent basic types that evolve on time.
  • Spatio-temporal types tgeompoint and tgeogpoint which are based on the geometry and geography types provided by PostGIS (restricted to 2D or 3D points) and are used to represent points that evolve on time.
  • Range types intrange and floatrange which are used to represent ranges of int and float values.

All these types have associated an extensive set of functions and operators. GiST and SP-GIST index support for these types are also provided.

Status

The extension is under development. We are planning to release the first version at the begining of 2020.

Requirements

  • Linux (other UNIX-like systems may work, but remain untested)
  • PostgreSQL == 11
  • CMake >= 3.1
  • PostGIS == 2.5
  • JSON-C
  • Development files for PostgreSQL, PostGIS/liblwgeom, PROJ & JSON-C

Example for Debian-based systems:

# install all MobilityDB build dependencies
apt install build-essential cmake postgresql-server-dev-11 liblwgeom-dev libproj-dev libjson-c-dev

Building & installation

Here is the gist:

$ git clone https://github.com/ULB-CoDE-WIT/MobilityDB
$ mkdir MobilityDB/build
$ cd MobilityDB/build
$ cmake ..
$ make
$ sudo make install
$ psql -c 'CREATE EXTENSION MobilityDB CASCADE'

You should also set the following in postgresql.conf:

shared_preload_libraries = 'postgis-2.5'
max_locks_per_transaction = 128

Docker container

A docker container with MobilityDB and all its dependencies is available. If you have docker installed in your system you can run:

docker pull codewit/mobilitydb
docker volume create mobilitydb_data
docker run --name "mobilitydb" -d -p 25432:5432 -v mobilitydb_data:/var/lib/postgresql codewit/mobilitydb

The first command is to download the latest most up-to-date image of MobilityDB. The second command creates a volume container on the host, that we will use to persist the PostgreSQL database files outside of the MobilityDB container. The third command executes this binary image of PostgreSQL, PostGIS, and MobilityDB with the TCP port 5432 in the container mapped to port 25432 on the Docker host (user = pw = docker, db = mobilitydb). This image is based on this docker container, please refer to it for more information.

Issues

Please report any issues at the address

https://github.com/ULB-CoDE-WIT/MobilityDB/issues

Manual

HTML: https://docs.mobilitydb.com/MobilityDB/master/

PDF: https://docs.mobilitydb.com/MobilityDB/master/mobilitydb.pdf

EPUB: https://docs.mobilitydb.com/MobilityDB/master/mobilitydb.epub

Workshop

HTML: https://docs.mobilitydb.com/MobilityDB/master/workshop/

PDF: https://docs.mobilitydb.com/MobilityDB/master/workshop/workshop.pdf

EPUB: https://docs.mobilitydb.com/MobilityDB/master/workshop/workshop.epub

Publications

Presentations

Forthcoming Presentations

  • MobilityDB: A Spatiotemporal Data Management Extension of PostgreSQL and PostGIS, Postgres Conference, March 24, 2020, New York, USA
  • MobilityDB: Managing Mobility Data in PostgreSQL, Keynote speach at the joint EDBT/ICDT 2020 workshop on Big Mobility Data Analytics, BMDA 2020, March 30, 2020, Copenhagen, Denmark

Users' Applications

  • Nina Belyavskaya works at Mosgortrans Mobility Department, whose mission to optimize road public transport routes and timetables in Moscow, Russia. She reported her experience of migrating from PostGIS to MobilityDB in PGConf.Russia

    Moscow Public Transport Analysis

License

MobilityDB is provided under the PostgreSQL license.

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