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README.md

SymmetryBook

This book will be an undergraduate textbook written in the univalent style, taking advantage of the presence of symmetry in the logic at an early stage.

Style guide

  • Try to be informal. Use as few formulas as possible, especially for the parts about type theory and logic, to ease the entry into group theory.
  • We call objects in a type elements of that type even if the type is not a set.
  • An element of a proposition can be called a proof.
  • An element of an identity type is called an identification, and otherwise a path.
  • definitional equivality is denoted with three lines and is called just that, i.e., definitional and not judgmental.
  • In the preliminary chapters (up to subgroups), the underlying set map U from groups to sets has to be applied explicitly. Thereafter, it can be a coercion.
  • Composition of p: a=b and q: b=c is denoted by either p\ct q, or by q\cdot p, qp or q\circ p. The latter is preferred when p and q come from equivalences. The macro \ct currently produces a star.
  • In dependent pairs, components having propositional type may be omitted.
  • If x is a bound variable and c is less bound, then we prefer c = x to x = c. Typically, if c is the center of contraction.
  • If k and n are number variables that can be renamed, then we prefer k < n to k > n or n < k.
  • up to versus modulo regarding a group action: Up to is the stacky version, the orbit type (typically for us, a groupoid), whereas modulo refers to the set of connected components/the set of orbits. For example, given a group G, we have the groupoid of elements up to conjugation versus the set of elements modulo conjugation.
  • globally defined constants are typeset roman, while variables are italic. One exception is the B construction: The B matches whatever it operates on and joins to it without any space.
  • Whenever possible, do not use a letter for a variable when the same letter is being used as an operator. E.g., try to avoid a variable B when the classifying type/map operator B is used in the same paragraph.
  • Use macros with mathematical meaning, such as \conncomp, whenever possible, for uniformity of notation.
  • Construct sort-order keys for glossary entries this way: + for unary operators, use 1 followed by something (e.g., for $-y$ use (1-); + for binary operators, use 2 followed by something (e.g., for $x+y$ use (2+); + for numbers, use 8 followed by the number (e.g., for $0$ use (80). + for identifiers in the Greek alphabet use 9 followed by the 2-digit ordinal number of the first letter (for proper alphabetization) and then something (e.g., for $\loops$ use (924Omega): 01 Α α, 02 Β β, 03 Γ γ, 04 Δ δ, 05 Ε ε, 06 Ζ ζ, 07 Η η, 08 Θ θ, 09 Ι ι, 10 Κ κ, 11 Λ λ, 12 Μ μ, 13 Ν ν, 14 Ξ ξ, 15 Ο ο, 16 Π π, 17 Ρ ρ, 18 Σ σ, 19 Τ τ, 20 Υ υ, 21 Φ φ, 22 Χ χ, 23 Ψ ψ, and 24 Ω ω; + for identifiers in the Roman alphabet use the name (e.g., for $\Ker$ use (Ker) or (ker);
  • Given a: A, we refer to elements of a = a as either symmetries of a, or symmetries in A.

An icosahedron for your viewing pleasure

Go here for an interactive icosahedron and here for a Cayley diagram of the icosahedral group.

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This book will be an undergraduate textbook written in the univalent style, taking advantage of the presence of symmetry in the logic at an early stage.

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