Skip to content
Branch: master
Find file Copy path
Find file Copy path
Fetching contributors…
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
51 lines (35 sloc) 2.21 KB


The UD Bambara treebank is a section of the Corpus Référence du Bambara annotated natively with Universal Dependencies.


Bambara (also known as Bamana) is the most widely-spoken language of the Manding language group (Niger-Congo > Mande > Western Mande). It is spoken mainly in Mali by 13-14 million people; of these, around four million are L1 speakers. Development of the Bambara Reference Corpus was started in April 2012 (Vydrin 2013, Maslinsky 2014). The corpus includes a non-disambiguated sub-corpus and a disambiguated one. At present, the whole corpus contains about nine million tokens. The corpus was annotated using UD Annotatrix annotation tool (Tyers, Sheyanova, Washington 2018).

Documentation for a treebank is available on UD site (


The conversion and annotation has been done by Katya Aplonova and Francis M. Tyers at the Higher School of Economics in Moscow. We would like to thank the developers and annotators of the Corpus Référence du Bambara for permission to base this on their work.


  • Maslinsky, K. (2014). Daba: a model and tools for Manding corpora. In Proceedings of TALAf 2014 : Traitement Automatique des Langues Africaines, pages 114-122.
  • Tyers, F. M., Sheyanova, M., and Washington, J. N. (2018). UD Annotatrix: An annotation tool for Universal Dependencies. In Proceedings of the 16th International Workshop on Treebanks and Linguistic Theories.
  • Vydrin, V. (2013). Bamana reference corpus (BRC). Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 95, pages 75–80.


  • 2019-05-15 v2.4
    • Normalized Unicode.
  • 2018-11-15 v2.3
    • Initial release in Universal Dependencies.

=== Machine-readable metadata (DO NOT REMOVE!) ================================ Data available since: UD v2.3 License: CC BY-SA 4.0 Includes text: yes Genre: nonfiction news Lemmas: converted from manual UPOS: converted from manual XPOS: manual native Features: converted from manual Relations: converted from manual Contributors: Aplonova, Katya; Tyers, Francis Contributing: elsewhere Contact:

You can’t perform that action at this time.