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The Bhojpuri UD Treebank (BHTB) is a part of the Universal Dependency treebank project.


The Bhojpuri UD Treebank (BHTB) v2.6 consists of 6,664 tokens(357 sentences). This Treebank is a part of the Universal Dependency treebank project. Initially, it was initiated by me (Atul) at Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi during the doctoral research work. BHTB data contains syntactic annotation according to dependency-constituency schema, as well as morphological tags and lemmas. In this data, XPOS is annotated according to Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) Part Of Speech (POS) tagset.


Preparation of this treebank was supported by LINDAT/CLARIAH-CZ (grant no. LM2018051) and Khresmoi (grants no. FP7-ICT-2010-6-257528 and MŠMT 7E11042). ÚFAL, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Prague.


If you use this data, please cite:

  author    = {Ojha, Atul Kr.  and  Zeman, Daniel},
  title     = {Universal Dependency Treebanks for Low-Resource Indian Languages: The Case of Bhojpuri},
  booktitle      = {Proceedings of the WILDRE5– 5th Workshop on Indian Language Data: Resources and Evaluation},
  month          = {May},
  year           = {2020},
  address        = {Marseille, France},
  publisher      = {European Language Resources Association (ELRA)},
  pages     = {33--38},

Other papers/references about the Bhojpui data are:

  title={English-Bhojpuri SMT System: Insights from the Karaka Model},
  author={Ojha, Atul Kr},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:1905.02239},
  title={Training \& evaluation of POS taggers in Indo-Aryan languages: a case of Hindi, Odia and Bhojpuri},
  author={Ojha, Atul Kr. and Behera, Pitambar and Singh, Srishti and Jha, Girish N},
  booktitle={the proceedings of 7th Language \& Technology Conference: Human Language Technologies as a Challenge for Computer Science and Linguistics},


  • 2019-11-15 v2.5
    • Initial release in Universal Dependencies.
=== Machine-readable metadata (DO NOT REMOVE!) ================================
Data available since: UD v2.5
License: CC BY-SA 4.0
Includes text: yes
Genre: nonfiction news
Lemmas: manual native
UPOS: converted from manual
XPOS: manual native
Features: converted from manual
Relations: manual native
Contributors: Ojha, Atul Kr.; Zeman, Daniel
Contributing: here