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Spoken Cantonese from Hong Kong.
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# Summary The Cantonese-HK UD treebank was manually annotated by Tak-sum Wong and Herman H. M. Leung at City University of Hong Kong, by finely transcribing three films shooted by students from the School of Creative Media. The data are in Tradiaitonal Chinese. These trees form a parallel treebank with those in Chinese-HK. # Introduction ORIGIN #send_id = 1 to 410 Title: Missing days / 小時光 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1qSMiw0vhzU Duration: 30 minutes Fluency: The dialogues are mostly prepared. #send_id = 411 to 547 Title: Tempo in Temple / 廟眾樂樂 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8e8Lqd6grTE Duration: 16 minutes Fluency: This is an interview. Most sentences are not prepared and thus contain a lot of disfluencies. A lot of reparandums are tagged. #send_id = 548 to 650 Title: What day is today / 今日星期幾 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bBGwxIDiZ_o Duration: 31 minutes Fluency: The dialogues are mostly prepared. This film contains a lot of dead air. DATA Since there are only 6264 tokens, only the test set is provided. BASIC STATISTICS Tree count: 650 Word count: 6264 Token count: 6264 Dep. relations: 46 of which 15 language specific POS tags: 15 Category=value feature pairs: 1 FORM and LEMMA Since Cantonese is not an official language, there is no standard written form. In this treebank, the FORM field adopts the popular written form while we have tried our best to find different characters attested in dictioanries or other studies for the LEMMA field to discern the homophones, in order to faciliate computer processing. POS TAGGING When determining the POS, one usually considers both the "morphological evidence", i.e., the linguistic form of the word, as well as the "distributional evidence", i.e., its syntactic use in the sentence. Usually, these two kinds of evidence should agree; in some cases, however, the POS of some word is tentatively alterned to fullfil the special purpose of the author. Take an example in English, consider the word "pen" in the sentence "I pen a letter". Morphological evidence suggests the word "pen" should be tagged as an noun (NN), reflecting its normal usage. Distributional evidence suggests it should be tagged as a verb, since this word is in a typical syntactic position of verb in a SVO language. When these two kinds of evidence contradict one another, the morphological evidence prevails. # Acknowledgments This work was partially supported by a grant from the PROCORE-France/Hong Kong Joint Research Scheme sponsored by the Research Grants Council and the Consulate General of France in Hong Kong (Reference No.: F-CityU107/15 and N 35322RG); and by two Strategic Research Grants (Project No. 7004494 and No. 7004736) from City University of Hong Kong. # References When using this treebank, please cite at least one paper from the following references: Tak-sum WONG, Kim GERDES, Herman LEUNG, and John LEE. "Quantitative Comparative Syntax on the Cantonese-Mandarin Parallel Dependency Treebank" Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Dependency Linguistics, pp. 266−275, Pisa, Italy, September 2017. # Changelog * 2018-04-15 v2.2 * Repository renamed from UD_Cantonese to UD_Cantonese-HK. <pre> === Machine-readable metadata ================================================= Documentation status: partial Data source: manual Data available since: UD v2.1 License: CC BY-SA 4.0 Includes text: yes Genre: spoken Lemmas: manual native UPOS: manual native XPOS: not available Features: manual native Relations: manual native Contributors: Gerdes, Kim; Lee, John; Leung, Herman; Wong, Tak-sum Contributing: elsewhere Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com =============================================================================== </pre>