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Traditional Chinese Universal Dependencies Treebank annotated and converted by Google.


  • 2021-05-15 v2.8
    • Changed mark:relcl to mark:rel (as in the other Chinese treebanks).
    • Removed the relation case:dec (for 的 between two nouns; the other treebanks use just case here.
    • Removed the relation aux:aspect (the aspect particles 了 (le), 過 (guo), 著 (zhe) use just aux in the other treebanks).
    • Question particles changed from Mood=Inter to PartType=Int, and from discourse to discourse:sp.
    • Undocumented relation subtypes case:pref and case:suff changed to case.
    • Extent constructions converted from cop + mark:comp to compound:ext.
    • Changed mark:advb to mark:adv (as in the other Chinese treebanks).
  • 2020-11-15 v2.7
    • Aspect markers relations are corrected from case:aspect to aux:aspect.
  • 2019-11-15 v2.5
    • Google gave permission to drop the "NC" restriction from the license. This applies to the UD annotations (not the underlying content, of which Google claims no ownership or copyright).
    • Fixed punctuation (use East Asian punctuation where appropriate)
    • Fixed various parses and features (e.g., added Case=Ord)
    • Some manual fixes in tokenization 2017-03-01 v2.0
    • Conversion to UD v2 by Dan Zeman.
    • Added SpaceAfter=No.
    • Added lemmas.
    • Case=Advb,Comp,Rel changed to deprel mark:advb/comp/relcl.
    • Detected classifiers, changed their deprel to clf. 2016-11-15 v1.4
    • No changes since UD release 1.3. 2016-05-15 v1.3
    • Initial UD release.
=== Machine-readable metadata =================================================
Data available since: UD v1.3
License: CC BY-SA 4.0
Includes text: yes
Genre: wiki
Lemmas: automatic
UPOS: converted from manual
XPOS: manual native
Features: automatic with corrections
Relations: converted from manual
Contributors: Shen, Mo; McDonald, Ryan; Zeman, Daniel; Qi, Peng
Contributing: here