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Spoken mandarin Chinese from Hong Kong.
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# Summary A treebank manually annotated at the City University of Hong Kong. It contains subtitles of three films shot by students from the School of Creative Media as well as the official record of proceedings of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong. Traditional Chinese characters. This treebank is parallel with UD_Cantonese-HK. # Introduction The Chinese-HK UD treebank was manually annotated by Herman H. M. Leung and Tak-sum Wong at City University of Hong Kong, directly using the subtitles from three films shot by students from the School of Creative Media as well as the official record of proceedings of the section of the Election of President of the council meeting of the Legislative Council of the HKSAR of the P. R. China on 12th October, 2016 commencing at 2:13 p.m. The data are in Traditional Chinese. These trees form a parallel treebank with those in Cantonese-HK. ORIGIN #send_id = 1 to 410 Title: Missing days / 小時光 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1qSMiw0vhzU Duration: 30 minutes #send_id = 411 to 547 Title: Tempo in Temple / 廟眾樂樂 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8e8Lqd6grTE Duration: 16 minutes #send_id = 548 to 650 Title: What day is today / 今日星期幾 Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bBGwxIDiZ_o Duration: 31 minutes #send_id = 651 to 908 Title: Election of President: The council meeting of the Legislative Council of HKSAR on 12th October, 2016(14:13:49 ~ 16:27:26) (incomplete) Source: https://www.legco.gov.hk/yr16-17/chinese/counmtg/hansard/cm20161012-translate-c.pdf#nameddest=eop https://webcast.legco.gov.hk/public/zh-hk/SearchResult?MeetingID=M16100003 Duration: 2 hours 14 minutes DATA Since there are fewer than a myriad tokens, only the test set is provided. BASIC STATISTICS Tree count: 908 Word count: 8701 Token count: 8701 Dep. relations: 47 of which 15 language specific POS tags: 16 Category=value feature pairs: 1 POS TAGGING When determining the POS, one usually considers both the "morphological evidence", i.e., the linguistic form of the word, as well as the "distributional evidence", i.e., its syntactic use in the sentence. Usually, these two kinds of evidence should agree; in some cases, however, the POS of some word is tentatively alterned to fullfil the special purpose of the author. Take an example in English, consider the word "pen" in the sentence "I pen a letter". Morphological evidence suggests the word "pen" should be tagged as an noun (NN), reflecting its normal usage. Distributional evidence suggests it should be tagged as a verb, since this word is in a typical syntactic position of verb in a SVO language. When these two kinds of evidence contradict one another, the morphological evidence prevails. # Acknowledgments This work was partially supported by a grant from the PROCORE-France/Hong Kong Joint Research Scheme sponsored by the Research Grants Council and the Consulate General of France in Hong Kong (Reference No.: F-CityU107/15 and N 35322RG); and by two Strategic Research Grants (Project No. 7004494 and No. 7004736) from City University of Hong Kong. # References When using this treebank, please cite at least one paper from the following references: Tak-sum WONG, Kim GERDES, Herman LEUNG, and John LEE. "Quantitative Comparative Syntax on the Cantonese-Mandarin Parallel Dependency Treebank" Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Dependency Linguistics, pp. 266−275, Pisa, Italy, September 2017. Herman LEUNG, Rafaël POIRET, Tak-sum WONG, Xinying CHEN, Kim GERDES and John LEE. "Developing Universal Dependencies for Mandarin Chinese" Proceedings of the 12th Workshop on Asian Language Resources, pp. 20−29, Osaka, Japan, December 2016. # Changelog * 2018-04-15 v2.2 * ? * 2017-11-15 v2.1 * Initial UD release. === Machine-readable metadata ================================================= Documentation status: partial Data source: manual Data available since: UD v2.1 License: CC BY-SA 4.0 Includes text: yes Genre: spoken Lemmas: not available UPOS: manual native XPOS: not available Features: manual native Relations: manual native Contributors: Gerdes, Kim; Lee, John; Leung, Herman; Wong, Tak-sum Contributing: elsewhere Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com ===============================================================================