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Classical Chinese Universal Dependencies Treebank annotated and converted by Institute for Research in Humanities, Kyoto University.


This Treebank is taken under the full text of "Mencius" (14 volumes). In Classical Chinese we had no spaces or punctuations between words or sentences, so we did not include any spaces or punctuations in Treebank files:

  • -orig.conllu: Original UD of "Mencius", divided into paragraphs. Multiple roots are allowed.
  • -test.conllu: Vols. 1 - 4 of "Mencius", divided into sentences.
  • -dev.conllu: Vols. 5 - 9 of "Mencius", divided into sentences.
  • -train.conllu: Vols. 10 - 14 of "Mencius", divided into sentences.
=== Machine-readable metadata (DO NOT REMOVE!) ================================
Data available since: UD v2.4
License: PD
Includes text: yes
Genre: learner-essays
Lemmas: converted with corrections
UPOS: automatic
XPOS: converted with corrections
Features: automatic
Relations: manual native
Contributors: Yasuoka, Koichi; Wittern, Christian; Morioka, Tomohiko; Ikeda, Takumi; Yamazaki, Naoki; Nikaido, Yoshihiro; Suzuki, Shingo; Moro, Shigeki; Li, Yuan; Shirasu, Hiroyuki; Fujita, Kazunori
Contributing: elsewhere