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This is the Polish portion of the Parallel Universal Dependencies (PUD) treebanks, created at the Institute of Computer Science, Polish Academy of Sciences in Warsaw.Re


PUD-PL consists of 1000 Polish sentences (18,389 tokens) in the same order as in the PUD treebanks in other languages. Morpho-syntactic annotations were automatically predicted by COMBO trained on Polish Dependency Bank 2.0 and then manually corrected. Finally, the trees were converted into the UD trees using the same converting procedure as in the case of the PDB-UD treebank. The annotation schema of PUD-PL is thus the same as in the Polish PDB-UD treebank. 459 PUD-PL trees contain enhanced edges.


The development of the PDB-UD treebank was founded by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education as part of the investment in the CLARIN-PL research infrastructure.


If you use the Polish PUD treebank, you are encouraged to cite this paper:

  author    = {Wr{\'o}blewska, Alina},
  title     = {Extended and Enhanced Polish Dependency Bank in Universal Dependencies Format},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Universal Dependencies (UDW 2018)},
  editor    = {de Marneffe, Marie-Catherine and Lynn, Teresa and Schuster, Sebastian},
  pages     = {173--182},
  publisher = {Association for Computational Linguistics},
  year      = {2018}


  • 2019-11-15 v2.5
    • Fixed nominal dependents of nouns that were attached as obl; correct: nmod.
    • Fixed adjectival participle dependents of nouns that were attached as amod; correct acl.
    • Adjectival parts of names (e.g. organisation names, dates) not being named entities are now adj:flat instead of flat.
    • Nominal parts of names (e.g. organisation names, dates) not being named entities are now nmod:flat instead of flat.
    • Emphasizing words are annotated as advmod:emph.
    • Morphological bugs are fixed.
  • 2019-05-15 v2.4
    • Initial release in Universal Dependencies.
=== Machine-readable metadata (DO NOT REMOVE!) ================================
Data available since: UD v2.4
License: CC BY-SA 4.0
Includes text: yes
Genre: nonfiction news
Lemmas: converted from manual
UPOS: converted from manual
XPOS: manual native
Features: converted from manual
Relations: converted from manual
Contributors: Wróblewska, Alina
Contributing: elsewhere