Updated meta-raspberrypi layer, an OpenEmbedded BSP layer for the Raspberry Pi boards.
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README

README

Quick links
===========
Git repository web frontend:
    http://git.yoctoproject.org/cgit/cgit.cgi/meta-raspberrypi/
Mailing list (yocto mailing list):
    yocto@yoctoproject.org
Issues management (redmine):
    http://redmine.gherzan.ro/projects/meta-raspberrypi


Contents:
=========
1. Description
2. Yocto BSP Layer - Raspberry Pi
    2.A. How to use it
    2.B. Images
3. Optional build configuration
    3.A. Compressed deployed files
    3.B. GPU memory
    3.C. Add purchased license codecs
    3.D. Disable overscan
    3.E. Set overclocking options
    3.F. Video camera support with V4L2 drivers
    3.G. Enable offline compositing support
    3.H. Enable kgdb over console support
    3.I. Boot to U-Boot
    3.J. Image with Initramfs
    3.K. Device tree support
    3.L. Enable SPI bus
    3.M. Enable I2C
    3.N. Enable PiTFT support
    3.O. Enable UART support
4. Extra apps
    4.A. omxplayer
5. Board Configuration
    5.A. Audio Routing
6. Source code and mirrors
7. Contribution
    7.A. Mailing List
    7.B. Redmine
8. Maintainers


1. Description
==============

This is the general hardware specific BSP overlay for the RaspberryPi device.

More information can be found at:
    http://www.raspberrypi.org/ (Official Site)
    https://github.com/VCTLabs/meta-alt-desktop-extras/wiki

The core BSP part of meta-raspberrypi should work with different
OpenEmbedded/Yocto distributions and layer stacks, such as:
* Distro-less (only with OE-Core).
* Angstrom.
* Yocto/Poky (main focus of testing).

2. Yocto BSP Layer - RaspberryPi
================================

This layer depends on:

URI: git://git.yoctoproject.org/poky
branch: master
revision: HEAD

URI: git://git.openembedded.org/meta-openembedded
layers: meta-oe, meta-multimedia
branch: master
revision: HEAD

2.A. How to use it
==================
a. source poky/oe-init-build-env rpi-build
b. Add needed layer to bblayers.conf:
   (for basic upstream hw image)
    - meta-raspberrypi  (replaces meta-yocto-bsp)
    - meta-small-arm-extra (extra machine config and packages)
  (for xorg-openbox image)
    - meta-openembedded/meta-oe
    - meta-openembedded/meta-gnome
    - meta-openembedded/meta-networking
    - meta-openembedded/meta-multimedia
    - meta-openembedded/meta-efl
    - meta-openembedded/meta-xfce
    - meta-alt-desktop-extras
c. Set MACHINE in local.conf to one of the supported boards:
    - raspberrypi
    - raspberrypi0
    - raspberrypi2
    - raspberrypi3
d. bitbake rpi-hwup-image
e. dd to a SD card the generated sdimg file (use xzcat if rpi-sdimg.xz is used)
f. Boot your RPI.

2.B. Images
-===========
* rpi-hwup-image
    Hardware up image
* rpi-basic-image
    Based on rpi-hwup-image with some added features (ex: splash)
* rpi-test-image
    Image based on rpi-basic-image which includes most of the packages in this
    layer and some media samples.
* rpi-console-image (this fork)
    Adds package management and hwcodecs (if available) to rpi-basic-image

3. Optional build configuration
===============================

There are a set of ways in which a user can influence different paramenters of the build.
We list here the ones that are closely related to this BSP or specific to it. For the rest
please check: http://www.yoctoproject.org/docs/latest/ref-manual/ref-manual.html

3.A. Compressed deployed files
==============================
1. Overwrite IMAGE_FSTYPES in local.conf
    IMAGE_FSTYPES = "tar.bz2 ext3.xz"
2. Overwrite SDIMG_ROOTFS_TYPE in local.conf
    SDIMG_ROOTFS_TYPE = "ext3.xz"
3. Overwrite SDIMG_COMPRESSION in local.conf
    SDIMG_COMPRESSION = "xz"
*Accommodate the values above to your own needs (ex: ext3 / ext4).

3.B. GPU memory
===============
Variable    : Details
GPU_MEM     : GPU memory in megabyte. Sets the memory split between the ARM and
              GPU. ARM gets the remaining memory. Min 16. Default 64.
GPU_MEM_256 : GPU memory in megabyte for the 256MB Raspberry Pi. Ignored by the
              512MB RP. Overrides gpu_mem. Max 192. Default not set.
GPU_MEM_512 : GPU memory in megabyte for the 512MB Raspberry Pi. Ignored by the
              256MB RP. Overrides gpu_mem. Max 448. Default not set.
GPU_MEM_1024: GPU memory in megabyte for the 1024MB Raspberry Pi. Ignored by the
              256MB/512MB RP. Overrides gpu_mem. Max 944. Default not set.

3.C. Add purchased license codecs
=================================
To add you own licenses use variables KEY_DECODE_MPG2 and KEY_DECODE_WVC1 in
local.conf. Example:
KEY_DECODE_MPG2 = "12345678"
KEY_DECODE_WVC1 = "12345678"
You can supply more licenses separated by comma. Example:
KEY_DECODE_WVC1 = "0x12345678,0xabcdabcd,0x87654321"

3.D. Disable overscan
=====================
By default the GPU adds a black border around the video output to compensate for
TVs which cut off part of the image. To disable this set this variable in
local.conf:
DISABLE_OVERSCAN = "1"

3.E. Set overclocking options
=============================
The Raspberry PI can be overclocked. As of now overclocking up to the "Turbo
Mode" is officially supported by the raspbery and does not void warranty.
Check the config.txt for a detailed description of options and modes. Example:
# Turbo mode
ARM_FREQ = "1000"
CORE_FREQ = "500"
SDRAM_FREQ = "500"
OVER_VOLTAGE = "6"

3.F. Video camera support with V4L2 drivers
===========================================
Set this variable to enable support for the video camera (Linux 3.12.4+ required)
VIDEO_CAMERA = "1"

3.G. Enable offline compositing support
=======================================
Set this variable to enable support for dispmanx offline compositing
DISMANX_OFFLINE = "1"

This will enable the firmware to fall back to off-line compositing of
Dispmanx elements. Normally the compositing is done on-line, during scanout,
but cannot handle too many elements. With off-line enabled, an off-screen
buffer is allocated for compositing. When scene complexity (number and sizes
of elements) is high, compositing will happen off-line into the buffer.

Heavily recommended for Wayland/Weston.

See: http://wayland.freedesktop.org/raspberrypi.html

3.H. Enable kgdb over console support
=====================================
To add the kdbg over console (kgdboc) parameter to the kernel command line,
set this variable in local.conf:
ENABLE_KGDB = "1"

3.I. Boot to U-Boot
===================
To have u-boot load kernel image, set in your local.conf
KERNEL_IMAGETYPE = "uImage"

This will make kernel.img be u-boot image which will load uImage.
By default, kernel.img is the actual kernel image (ex. Image).

3.J. Image with Initramfs
=========================
To build an initramfs image :
    * Set this 3 kernel variables (in linux-raspberrypi.inc for example)
        - kernel_configure_variable BLK_DEV_INITRD y
        - kernel_configure_variable INITRAMFS_SOURCE ""
        - kernel_configure_variable RD_GZIP y
    * Set the yocto variables (in linux-raspberrypi.inc for example)
        - INITRAMFS_IMAGE = "<a name for your initramfs image>"
        - INITRAMFS_IMAGE_BUNDLE = "1"
    * Set the meta-rasberrypi variable (in raspberrypi.conf for example)
        - KERNEL_INITRAMFS = "-initramfs"

3.K. Device tree support
=========================
Device tree for RPi is only supported when using linux-raspberrypi 3.18+
kernels.

    * Set KERNEL_DEVICETREE (in conf/machine/raspberrypi.conf)
        - the trailer is added to the kernel image before kernel install task.
          While creating the SDCard image, this modified kernel is put on
          boot partition (as kernel.img) as well as DeviceTree blobs (.dtb files).

NOTE: KERNEL_DEVICETREE is default enabled for kernel >= 3.18 and always disabled for
      older kernel versions.

3.L. Enable SPI bus
====================
When using device tree kernels, set this variable to enable the SPI bus
ENABLE_SPI_BUS = "1"

3.M. Enable I2C
===============
When using device tree kernels, set this variable to enable I2C
ENABLE_I2C = "1"

3.N. Enable PiTFT support
=========================
Basic support for using PiTFT screens can be enabled by adding
below in local.conf:

MACHINE_FEATURES += "pitft"
  - This will enable SPI bus and i2c device-trees, it will also setup
    framebuffer for console and x server on PiTFT.

NOTE: To get this working the overlay for the PiTFT model must be build,
      added and specified as well (dtoverlay=<driver> in config.txt)

Below is a list of currently supported PiTFT models in meta-raspberrypi,
the modelname should be added as a MACHINE_FEATURES in local.conf like below:
    - MACHINE_FEATURES += "pitft <modelname>"

List of currently supported models:
    - pitft22
    - pitft28r

3.O. Enable UART
===============

RaspberryPi 1, 2 and CM will have UART console enabled by default.

RaspberryPi 3 does not have the UART enabled by default because this needs a
fixed core frequency and enable_uart wil set it to the minimum. Certain
operations - 60fps h264 decode, high quality deinterlace - which aren't
performed on the ARM may be affected, and we wouldn't want to do that to users
who don't want to use the serial port. Users who want serial console support on
RaspberryPi3 will have to explicitely set in local.conf: ENABLE_UART = "1".

Ref.: https://github.com/raspberrypi/firmware/issues/553
      https://github.com/RPi-Distro/repo/issues/22

4. Extra apps
=============

4.A. omxplayer
==============
omxplayer depends on libav which has a commercial license. So in order to be
able to compile omxplayer you will need to whiteflag the commercial license
adding to you local.conf:
LICENSE_FLAGS_WHITELIST = "commercial"

5. Board Configuration
======================

5.A. Audio Routing
==================
To load audio driver

    modprobe snd-bcm2835

To test audio playback

    e.g. aplay test.wav

Note that without HDMI connected this emits audio from the 3.5in jack connector
as expected. However With an HDMI display connected there is no audio output from
the jack connector.

To force the audio routing via the 3.5in jack connector use

    amixer cset numid=3 1

Options to amixer cset are:

    0=auto
    1=headphones
    2=hdmi

6. Source code and mirrors
==========================

Main repo:
    git://git.yoctoproject.org/meta-raspberrypi
    http://git.yoctoproject.org/git/meta-raspberrypi

Github mirror:
    https://github.com/agherzan/meta-raspberrypi

Bitbucket mirror:
    https://bitbucket.org/agherzan/meta-raspberrypi

This fork:
    https://github.com/VCTLabs/meta-raspberrypi


7. Contributing
===============

7.A. Mailing list
=================
The main communication tool we use is a mailing list:
    yocto@yoctoproject.org
    https://lists.yoctoproject.org/listinfo/yocto

Feel free to ask any kind of questions but always prepend your email subject
with "[meta-raspberrypi]". This is because we use the 'yocto' mailing list and
not a perticular 'meta-raspberrypi' mailing list.

To contribute to this fork you should send a pull request or use the issue
tracker to file bugs, enhancements, feature requests, etc.

7.B. Github issues
==================
In order to manage and trace the meta-raspberrypi issues, we use github issues:
    https://github.com/agherzan/meta-raspberrypi/issues

If you push patches which have a github issue associated, please provide the
issue number in the commit log just before "Signed-off-by" line(s). Example line
for a bug:
    [Issue #13]


8. Maintainers
==============

Upstream:
    Andrei Gherzan <andrei at gherzan.ro>

This fork:
    Stephen Arnold <stephen.arnold42 at gmail.com>