This SonarQube community plugin is developed to support multiple languages and almost all Jetbrains IDEs. See the README for more details
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README.md

Build Status

SonarQube IntelliJ Community Plugin

The main goal of this plugin is to show SonarQube issues directly within your IntelliJ IDE. Currently the plugin is build to work in IntelliJ IDEA, RubyMine, WebStorm, PhpStorm, PyCharm, AppCode and Android Studio with any programming language you can analyze in SonarQube.

Two tasks are covered by the plugin:

  • downloading issues of previously analyzed code from a Sonar server and show them in your IDE
  • running a script to perform a local analysis to find issues in your local code

We appreciate constructive feedback and contributions of any kind, so please report any issues with the plugin by filing a new issue, get in touch via our Google Groups mailing list or send a pull request whenever you feel things could be done in a better way. We are really grateful for your support.

Usage

Project Configuration

You can install the "SonarQube Community Plugin" via the plugin manager inside your Jetbrains IDE or download it from the Jetbrains Plugin Repository. After the installation, you first of all need to configure the connection to your Sonar server. This is done per project and/ or module. You can use a remote server or a local one on your machine.

In your IDE go to Preferences -> SonarQube.

![alt text][serverSelection] [serverSelection]: https://raw.github.com/sonar-intellij-plugin/sonar-intellij-plugin/master/screenshots/server_selection.png "Example server selection"

Click Add, enter the address of your Sonar server and the credentials (if needed) and click OK.

![alt text][serverConfiguration] [serverConfiguration]: https://raw.github.com/sonar-intellij-plugin/sonar-intellij-plugin/master/screenshots/server_configuration.png "Example server configuration"

Back on the previous screen, find the Sonar resources section and click the + button to select the Sonar resource for this project:

![alt text][resourceSelection] [resourceSelection]: https://raw.github.com/sonar-intellij-plugin/sonar-intellij-plugin/master/screenshots/resource_selection.png "Example resource selection"

Your final SonarQube Server configuration should now look like the following:

![alt text][serverConfigurationComplete] [serverConfigurationComplete]: https://raw.github.com/sonar-intellij-plugin/sonar-intellij-plugin/master/screenshots/server_configuration_complete.png "Example resource selection"

Code inspection

The plugin provides two inspections:

  • SonarQube - shows already analysed issues
  • SonarQube (new issues) - shows only new issues from local analysis

To perform a code inspection you can: Go to Analyze -> Inspect code. Select whole project. It is recommended that you create a Sonar Inspection profile, with Sonar inspections only, but you can also use the default profile or any other self defined inspection profile.

After the execution the inspection result should look like: ![alt text][analysisResults] [analysisResults]: https://raw.github.com/sonar-intellij-plugin/sonar-intellij-plugin/master/screenshots/analysis_results.png "Example resource selection"

As the Sonar analysis process is prone to errors, it is essential to see what happened during the analysis. You can use the Sonar console for error analysis, especially during initial configuration: ![alt text][sonarConsole] [sonarConsole]: https://raw.github.com/sonar-intellij-plugin/sonar-intellij-plugin/master/screenshots/sonar_console2.png "Example resource selection"

Local analysis configuration

After configuring the Sonar server you are ready to start downloading issues and showing them in the IDEA. But as soon you start editing your source code, you might want to trigger a local sonar analysis. To achieve this by using the plugin and showing new issues directly inside the IDEA, you need to tell the plugin how to analyse your project and provide the path to the sonar-report.json file. The plugin understands the contents of the report file and shows the results in IDEA like any other inspection. Before configuring the plugin, you need to understand how to run local analysis for your project.

Go to your preferred console and try to run depending on your project something like:

# With maven
mvn sonar:sonar -DskipTests=true -Dsonar.language=java -Dsonar.analysis.mode=preview -Dsonar.report.export.path=sonar-report.json -Dsonar.host.url=$SONAR_HOST_URL
# With gradle
gradle sonarqube -DskipTests=true -Dsonar.language=java -Dsonar.analysis.mode=preview -Dsonar.report.export.path=sonar-report.json -Dsonar.host.url=$SONAR_HOST_URL

NOTE: sonar.report.export.path parameter is mandatory to generate analysis result

NOTE: sonar.analysis.mode=preview parameter will not store result in remote SonarQube database, which is what we want for local analysis

or

your_custom_script_to_perform_local_analysis.sh # may use gradle, ant, what ever else you prefer

After the script is done, your should see BUILD SUCCESSFUL or something like with maven:

[INFO] [18:29:26.380] Export results to /path/to/your/project/target/sonar/sonar-report.json
[INFO] [18:29:26.383] Store results in database
[INFO] [18:29:26.500] ANALYSIS SUCCESSFUL
[INFO] [18:29:26.501] Executing post-job class org.sonar.issuesreport.ReportJob
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] BUILD SUCCESS
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

This tells you where to find sonar-report.json. This file is essential, as it tells the plugin the location of the new issues.

NOTE: The configuration of the local analysis is out of the scope of the plugin, please read the SonarQube documentation about how to perform it

After you know how to perform local analysis, you need to configure the plugin:

Go to File -> Settings (Ctrl+Alt+S)-> SonarQube.

![alt text][localScriptManagement] [localScriptManagement]: https://raw.github.com/sonar-intellij-plugin/sonar-intellij-plugin/master/screenshots/local_script_management.png "Example local script management"

Click add and define:

  • a unique name, e.g. java-only
  • the script itself, e.g. mvn sonar:sonar -Dsonar.analysis.mode=preview ... (or gradle sonarqube ... for gradle)
  • path to the sonar-report.json

A finished configuration can look like: ![alt text][localScriptConfigured] [localScriptConfigured]: https://raw.github.com/sonar-intellij-plugin/sonar-intellij-plugin/master/screenshots/local_script_configured.png "Example local script management"

NOTE: If command like "mvn" does not work, you can use a full path instead: /path/to/mvn.

NOTE: For Gradle, it is recommended to use a wrapper.

Placeholders

In the previous example we have used a hard coded script and a sonar-report.json file path using a $WORKING_DIR placeholder. You can use several placeholders to replace values in your script or sonar-report.json file path.

placeholder meaning
$WORKING_DIR the working directory of script executin, e.g. /path/to/project
$WORKING_DIR_NAME the name of the working directory without the full path, e.g. project
$MODULE_NAME the name of the module, e.g. example-java-maven
$MODULE_BASE_DIR the directory of the .iml file, e.g. /path/to/project/module
$MODULE_BASE_DIR_NAME the name of the directory of the .iml file, e.g. module
$PROJECT_NAME the name of the project, e.g. my project
$PROJECT_BASE_DIR the project root directory, e.g. /path/to/project
$PROJECT_BASE_DIR_NAME the name of the project root directory, e.g. project
$SONAR_HOST_URL the sonar host url, e.g. http://localhost:9000
$SONAR_SERVER_NAME the sonar server name, e.g. my server
$SONAR_USER_NAME the sonar user name, e.g. my_user
$SONAR_USER_PASSWORD the sonar user password, e.g. pw

Using the placeholders you can define one script and reuse it in several projects. It is also useful if your project is a multi module project. For example in a multi module project, you will find sonar-report.json in following folders:

  • /path/to/project/target/sonar/sonar-report.json if executing analysis (see previous maven / gradle command) in project folder (i.e. /path/to/project).
  • /path/to/project/mobule/target/sonar/sonar-report.json if executing analysis in a module folder (i.e. /path/to/project/module).

NOTE: if your module.iml files are not located in same directory as the module root, then you can override the working directory manually.

Module configuration

Module configuration is similar project configuration. Please note that for a multi module maven project you need to manually define the sonar resource for each module.

Go to Project Structure -> Select a module -> Select SonarQube Tab.

Configure the module in the same way as a project. You can use a special option <PROJECT>, in this case the project configuration will be used. The local analysis script is per default, starting in the module base directory.

Example: A multi-module maven project

With maven:

project
  module1
    pom.xml 
  module2
    pom.xml
  pom.xml <- parent

With gradle:

project
  module1
    build.gradle 
  module2
    build.gradle
  build.gradle <- parent

When you analyze module1, the plugin will download the issues for the sonar resource configured in the module settings for module1 and start a local analysis script in project/module1/.

When you analyze the whole project, the plugin will download the issues for the sonar resource configured in the project settings and start a local analysis script in project/

You can use the same local script configuration for module or project level analysis:

  • script: up_to_you.sh $SONAR_HOST_URL
  • path to sonar-report.json: $WORKING_DIR/target/sonar/sonar-report.json

possible contents of the up_to_you.sh script:

#!/bin/bash
export JAVA_HOME="/path/to/jdk1.8.0.jdk/Home/"
export MAVEN_OPTS="-XX:MaxPermSize=128m"
./gradlew sonarqube \
                    -DskipTests=true \
                    -Dsonar.language=java \
                    -Dsonar.analysis.mode=preview \
                    -Dsonar.report.export.path=sonar-report.json \
                    -Dsonar.host.url=${SONARQUBE_HOST_URL} \
                    -Dsonar.profile=your_java_profile
                    --info --stacktrace

Tip: Omit the sonar.language parameter if you have multiple languages in your project (e.g. Java and Groovy).

Develop

Hacking the plugin is very easy, just follow the following steps

Prerequisites

Starting

  • open a terminal
  • clone the repository
    • git clone https://github.com/sonar-intellij-plugin/sonar-intellij-plugin.git
  • create an IntelliJ project which can be imported to IntelliJ
    • cd sonar-intellij-plugin
    • gradle gradle idea
  • open project in IntelliJ
    • File->Open-> (Directory sonar-intellij-plugin)
  • run the plugin inside intellij
    • run gradleTask runIdea

License

The project is licensed under Apache Public License 2.0! See the LICENSE file for details.

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