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An interactive command prompt for red teaming and pentesting. Automatically pushes commands through SOCKS4/5 proxies via proxychains. Optional Cobalt Strike integration pulls beacon SOCKS4/5 proxies from the team server. Automatically logs activities to a local CSV file and a Cobalt Strike team server (if configured).

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Verizon/redshell

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RedShell

An interactive command prompt for red teaming and pentesting. Automatically pushes commands through SOCKS4/5 proxies via proxychains. Optional Cobalt Strike integration pulls beacon SOCKS4/5 proxies from the team server. Automatically logs activities to a local CSV file and a Cobalt Strike team server (if configured).

Note that because RedShell uses proxychains under the hood, only TCP traffic is proxied.

Installation

RedShell runs on Python > 3.8.

Install dependencies:

pip3 install -r requirements.txt

Install proxychains-ng (https://github.com/rofl0r/proxychains-ng):

apt install proxychains4

RedShell is no longer dependent on Cobalt Strike. However, if you're using Cobalt Strike integration, the CS client must be installed on the same host as RedShell. Also make the agscript wrapper executable:

chmod +x agscript.sh

Usage

Start RedShell:

$python3 redshell.py 

                ____           _______ __         ____
               / __ \___  ____/ / ___// /_  ___  / / /
              / /_/ / _ \/ __  /\__ \/ __ \/ _ \/ / / 
             / _, _/  __/ /_/ /___/ / / / /  __/ / /  
            /_/ |_|\___/\__,_//____/_/ /_/\___/_/_/

            
Logging to: /home/user/.redshell/redshell_2022_08_22_13_00_13.csv

redshell > 

Display help:

redshell > help

Documented commands (use 'help -v' for verbose/'help <topic>' for details):
===========================================================================
beacon_exec  cs_connect      cs_status     help        pwd    socks
cd           cs_disconnect   cs_use_pivot  history     quit 
config       cs_load_config  exec          log         set  
context      cs_pivots       exit          proxy_exec  shell
 

Set options:

redshell> set option VALUE

Logging

RedShell automatically logs activities via the beacon_exec, proxy_exec, exec, or log commands. Logging is automatically initialized on startup, and log files are written to: ~/.redshell.

To log to Cobalt Strike, connect to a team server, select a pivot, and use the beacon_exec command.

Proxies

RedShell uses proxychains-ng and a custom proxychains configuration file. Configuration file modifications and command proxying are handled on-the-fly.

Cobalt Strike

To proxy through a Cobalt Strike, connect to a team server, select a pivot, and use the beacon_exec command. Refer to the Cobalt Strike section for details.

Custom Proxies

Custom socks version 4 or 5 proxies can be set with the socks command.

redshell > socks -h
usage: socks [-h] [-u SOCKS5_USER] [-p SOCKS5_PASS] {socks4,socks5} ip_address socks_port

Use a custom socks4/5 server

positional arguments:
  {socks4,socks5}
  ip_address
  socks_port

options:
  -h, --help       show this help message and exit
  -u SOCKS5_USER
  -p SOCKS5_PASS

SOCKS Proxy Verification

RedShell automatically verifies connections and authentication (where applicable) to SOCKS proxies upon selection (either using the socks or cs_use_pivot commands). This can be disabled with the following command: set check_socks false

Context

RedShell's context is a key aspect of activity logging. Context allows you to set the perspective (in activity logs) of the source host executing activities in a target network. The following context attributes can included in activity logs: IP Address, DNS Name, NetBIOS Name, User Name, and Process ID. Only IP Address is required.

Notes on context:

  • Context is cleared when you set a new socks port
  • Context is cleared when you connect/disconnect from a CS team server

Context - Custom Proxies

After you set a socks proxy with the socks command, add context details with the context command.

RedShell> context -h
usage: context [-h] [-d DNSNAME] [-n NETBIOSNAME] [-u USERNAME] [-p PID] ip_address

Set a custom context (Source IP/DNS/NetBIOS/User/PID) for logging

positional arguments:
  ip_address            Source IP Address

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit
  -d DNSNAME, --dnsname DNSNAME
                        DNS Name
  -n NETBIOSNAME, --netbiosname NETBIOSNAME
                        NetBIOS Name
  -u USERNAME, --username USERNAME
                        User Name
  -p PID, --pid PID     Process ID

Context - Cobalt Strike

If you are using a pivot on a team server, context values are automatically set based on the beacon.

Command Prompt

The command prompt is automatically updated with context variables (user@host).

Execute and Log

The following RedShell commands are captured in activity logs:

  • beacon_exec - Execute a command through beacon socks proxy and simultaneously log it to the teamserver.
  • proxy_exec - Execute a command through custom socks proxy and simultaneously log it to the local file.
  • exec - Execute a command and log it to the local file.
  • log - Add a manual log entry to the local file.

Custom Proxy Example

alt text

Cobalt Strike

Connecting to Cobalt Strike

Set Cobalt Strike connection options:

redshell > set cs_host 127.0.0.1
redshell > set cs_port 50050
redshell > set cs_user somedude

Connect to team server (you will be prompted for the team server password):

redshell > cs_connect 

Example:

alt text

Or load from a config file. Note: team server passwords are not read from config files. RedShell will prompt for the teamserver password and then automatically connect.

$ cat config.txt 
cs_host=127.0.0.1
cs_port=12345
cs_user=somedude
cs_directory=/path/to/cobaltstrike/install
redshell > cs_load_config config.txt

Show available proxy pivots:

redshell > cs_pivots 

Example:

alt text

Select a proxy pivot (note: this can only be set after a connection to the team server has been established):

redshell > cs_use_pivot 2
SOCKS5 pivot requires authentication.

Enter SOCKS5 user: username
Enter SOCKS5 password:

Check Cobalt Strike status:

redshell > cs_status

Example:

alt text

Execute commands through the beacon socks proxy. These can be run in the context of the current user or via sudo. Specifying 'proxychains' in the command is optional. Commands are forced through proxychains. MITRE ATT&CK Tactic IDs are optional.

redshell > beacon_exec -h
usage: beacon_exec [-h] [-t TTP] ...

Execute a command through beacon socks proxy and simultaneously log it to the teamserver.

positional arguments:
  command            Command to execute through the proxy and log.

optional arguments:
  -h, --help         show this help message and exit
  -t TTP, --ttp TTP  MITRE ATT&CK Tactic IDs. Comma delimited to specify multiple.

example: 
beacon_exec -t T1550.002,T1003.002 cme smb 192.168.1.1 --local-auth -u Administrator -H C713B1D611657D0687A568122193F230 --sam

Example:

alt text

Note on the Redshell and CS install directory options - the script needs to know where it lives, as well as Cobalt Strike. If stuff blows up, be sure to set the directories accordingly:

redshell > set redshell_directory /opt/redshell
redshell > set cs_directory /opt/cobaltstrike

General

Note on passwords used in *exec commands: special characters in passwords may be interpreted as shell meta characters, which could cause commands to fail. To get around this, set the password option and then invoke with '$password'. Example:

redshell > set password Test12345
password - was: ''
now: 'Test12345'
redshell > beacon_exec cme smb 192.168.1.14 --local-auth -u administrator -p $password --shares

RedShell includes commands for navigating the file system:

redshell > cd /opt/redshell/
redshell > pwd
/opt/redshell

Additional commands can be run via the shell command or via the '!' shortcut:

redshell > shell date
Mon 29 Jul 2019 05:33:02 PM MDT
redshell > !date
Mon 29 Jul 2019 05:33:03 PM MDT

Commands are tracked and accessible via the history command:

redshell > history 
    1  load_config config.txt
    2  status
    3  help

RedShell also includes tab-completion and clearing the terminal window via ctrl + l.

CSV Log Format

Datetime,IP Address,DNS Name,NetBIOS Name,User,PID,Activity,TTPs
2021/09/21 14:22:32 +0000,192.168.56.106,,WINDEV,USER,7312,[PROXY] cme smb 192.168.56.105,

Notes:

  • Required fields: Datetime, IP Address, Activity
  • Optional fields: DNS Name, NetBIOS Name, User, PID, TTPs
  • Datetime format: "%Y/%m/%d %H:%M:%S %z" (UTC)

Maintainers

License

This project is licensed under the terms of the Apache 2.0 open source license. Please refer to LICENSE for the full terms.

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An interactive command prompt for red teaming and pentesting. Automatically pushes commands through SOCKS4/5 proxies via proxychains. Optional Cobalt Strike integration pulls beacon SOCKS4/5 proxies from the team server. Automatically logs activities to a local CSV file and a Cobalt Strike team server (if configured).

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