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Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Using PhoBERT with transformers
  3. Using PhoBERT with fairseq
  4. Notes

PhoBERT: Pre-trained language models for Vietnamese

Pre-trained PhoBERT models are the state-of-the-art language models for Vietnamese (Pho, i.e. "Phở", is a popular food in Vietnam):

  • Two PhoBERT versions of "base" and "large" are the first public large-scale monolingual language models pre-trained for Vietnamese. PhoBERT pre-training approach is based on RoBERTa which optimizes the BERT pre-training procedure for more robust performance.
  • PhoBERT outperforms previous monolingual and multilingual approaches, obtaining new state-of-the-art performances on four downstream Vietnamese NLP tasks of Part-of-speech tagging, Dependency parsing, Named-entity recognition and Natural language inference.

The general architecture and experimental results of PhoBERT can be found in our paper:

@inproceedings{phobert,
title     = {{PhoBERT: Pre-trained language models for Vietnamese}},
author    = {Dat Quoc Nguyen and Anh Tuan Nguyen},
booktitle = {Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2020},
year      = {2020},
pages     = {1037--1042}
}

Please CITE our paper when PhoBERT is used to help produce published results or is incorporated into other software.

Using PhoBERT with transformers

Installation

  • Install transformers with pip: pip install transformers, or install transformers from source.
    Note that we merged a slow tokenizer for PhoBERT into the main transformers branch. The process of merging a fast tokenizer for PhoBERT is in the discussion, as mentioned in this pull request. If users would like to utilize the fast tokenizer, the users might install transformers as follows:
git clone --single-branch --branch fast_tokenizers_BARTpho_PhoBERT_BERTweet https://github.com/datquocnguyen/transformers.git
cd transformers
pip3 install -e .
  • Install tokenizers with pip: pip3 install tokenizers

Pre-trained models

Model #params Arch. Max length Pre-training data
vinai/phobert-base 135M base 256 20GB of texts
vinai/phobert-large 370M large 256 20GB of texts

Example usage

import torch
from transformers import AutoModel, AutoTokenizer

phobert = AutoModel.from_pretrained("vinai/phobert-base")
tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained("vinai/phobert-base")

# INPUT TEXT MUST BE ALREADY WORD-SEGMENTED!
sentence = 'Chúng_tôi là những nghiên_cứu_viên .'  

input_ids = torch.tensor([tokenizer.encode(sentence)])

with torch.no_grad():
    features = phobert(input_ids)  # Models outputs are now tuples

## With TensorFlow 2.0+:
# from transformers import TFAutoModel
# phobert = TFAutoModel.from_pretrained("vinai/phobert-base")

Using PhoBERT with fairseq

Please see details at HERE!

Notes

In case the input texts are raw, i.e. without word segmentation, a word segmenter must be applied to produce word-segmented texts before feeding to PhoBERT. As PhoBERT employed the RDRSegmenter from VnCoreNLP to pre-process the pre-training data (including Vietnamese tone normalization and word and sentence segmentation), it is recommended to also use the same word segmenter for PhoBERT-based downstream applications w.r.t. the input raw texts.

Installation

# Install the vncorenlp python wrapper
pip3 install vncorenlp

# Download VnCoreNLP-1.1.1.jar & its word segmentation component (i.e. RDRSegmenter) 
mkdir -p vncorenlp/models/wordsegmenter
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/vncorenlp/VnCoreNLP/master/VnCoreNLP-1.1.1.jar
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/vncorenlp/VnCoreNLP/master/models/wordsegmenter/vi-vocab
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/vncorenlp/VnCoreNLP/master/models/wordsegmenter/wordsegmenter.rdr
mv VnCoreNLP-1.1.1.jar vncorenlp/ 
mv vi-vocab vncorenlp/models/wordsegmenter/
mv wordsegmenter.rdr vncorenlp/models/wordsegmenter/

VnCoreNLP-1.1.1.jar (27MB) and folder models must be placed in the same working folder, here is vncorenlp!

Example usage

# See more details at: https://github.com/vncorenlp/VnCoreNLP

# Load rdrsegmenter from VnCoreNLP
from vncorenlp import VnCoreNLP
rdrsegmenter = VnCoreNLP("/Absolute-path-to/vncorenlp/VnCoreNLP-1.1.1.jar", annotators="wseg", max_heap_size='-Xmx500m') 

# Input 
text = "Ông Nguyễn Khắc Chúc  đang làm việc tại Đại học Quốc gia Hà Nội. Bà Lan, vợ ông Chúc, cũng làm việc tại đây."

# To perform word (and sentence) segmentation
sentences = rdrsegmenter.tokenize(text) 
for sentence in sentences:
	print(" ".join(sentence))

License

MIT License

Copyright (c) 2020 VinAI Research

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE
SOFTWARE.