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.evaluation_filenames monad-parse update
cloudboard-bot errata
examples errata
flotsam defn_, dlet_ push
flymake-actionscript Lots of new documentation.
parser-pres monad-parse update
.#monad-parse.el removed spurious file.
.#monads.el streams, monad extensions
.#streams.el streams, monad extensions Warning update, monad madness
README.txt shadchen: added struct pattern
actionscript-utils.el Lots of new documentation.
actionscript-utils.elc monad-parse update
advanced-utils.el weighted graph monad commit
animator.el added shadchen.el
annotate.el made monad-parse independent of defn
better-monad-parse-test.el better-monad-parse
better-monad-parse-test.elc added shadchen.el
better-monad-parse.el added shadchen.el
better-monad-parse.elc added shadchen.el
better-units.el monad-parse update
binders defn-readme, docs
blogging.el ptbl update
build-jane-street.el utils
chemistry.el speed improvements for better-monad-parse
chemistry.elc monad-parse update
classy.el added multi-method dispatch caching, modified support for hierarchies.
codewalking-utils.el Lots of new documentation.
core.esl defn_, dlet_ push
curios.html monad transformers monad transformers
def.el fixed, at least, recur.
defn-readme.htm parser-pres Update
defn.el defn-readme
defn.elc monad-parse update lexical-madness-2
el-pres.el monad transformers
el-pres.elc monad transformers
elab.el added with-stack
elcie.el lexical-madness
ellision.el fixed recur expansion in let-likes, made non-recursive fns more effic…
esl-mode.el defn_, dlet_ push defn_, dlet_ push
esl.el defn_, dlet_ push
esl2.el added with-stack
esl2.elc monad-parse update
ftbl.el lexical-madness
functional.el monad tutorial, fixed curry word.
functional.elc weighted graph monad commit
guitar.el added with-stack
infix.el monad transformers
infix.elc monad-parse update
lambda-star.el Added lambda*, defun-recur, parse-lambda-list
later.el fixed, at least, recur.
later.elc fixed, at least, recur.
latex-utils.el speed improvements for better-monad-parse
latex-utils.elc speed improvements for better-monad-parse
lisp-parser.el Extended microstack.
lisp-parser.elc microstack first
loel.el defn-readme, docs
logging.el Lots of new documentation.
macro-utils.el Added lambda*, defun-recur, parse-lambda-list
macro-utils.elc Added lambda*, defun-recur, parse-lambda-list
match.el monad-parse update
microstack.el monad revisions.
microstack.elc weighted graph monad commit fixed a doc error
monad-forms.el monad revisions.
monad-parse-scratch.el microstack first
monad-parse.el monad-parse update 3
monad-parse.elc monad-parse update 3 Warning update, monad madness
monad-stream.el monad tutorial, fixed curry word.
monad-stream.elc monad tutorial, fixed curry word.
monad-text-parse.el monad-parse update
monad-text-parse.elc monad-parse update
monad-transformers.el monad transformers
monad-tut-examples.el monad tutorial, fixed curry word.
monad-tut-examples.elc monad-parse update
monadic-bind.png pictures
monadic-types-of-interest.png pictures
monads.asd shadchen: added struct pattern
monads.el ptbl update
monads.elc ptbl update
monads.htm monad tutorial, fixed curry word.
monads.lisp shadchen: added struct pattern monad revisions.
mstack.el fixed recur.el bug in cond expansion, started kanren implementation i…
mstack.elc monad-parse update
multi-methods.el better-monad-parse
multi-methods.elc better-monad-parse multi-method update, utils added.
namer.el errata
old.esl.el defn_, dlet_ push
old.loel.el peg puzzle, streams
package.lisp shadchen: added struct pattern
parse-lambda-list.el multi-method update, utils added.
parse-lambda-list.elc monad-parse update
parse-seq-binder.el defn-readme, docs
parse-sombers-lab-files.el ptbl update
parse-sombers-lab-files.elc ptbl update
parse-table-binder.el defn-readme, docs
partial-symbol-levenstein.el fixed, at least, recur.
pattern-macro.el errata
pattern-matching.el Lots of new documentation.
persistent-hash-tables.el ptbl update
persistent-hash-tables.elc ptbl update
prolapse.el fixed recur.el bug in cond expansion, started kanren implementation i…
prolapse.elc monad-parse update
quantities.el monad-parse update
ra-lists.el added srfi101 copyright notice
ra-lists.elc random-access-lists added
recur.el fixed, at least, recur.
recur.elc monad-parse update errata
scratch.el monad transformers monad tutorial, fixed curry word.
scripting.el speed improvements for better-monad-parse
scripting.elc speed improvements for better-monad-parse
sets.el peg puzzle, streams
shadchen.el shadchen: added struct pattern
shadchen.elc shadchen: added struct pattern
simplified-lambda-list-parser.el multi-method update, utils added.
simplified-lambda-list-parser.elc monad-parse update
skip-lists.el Added lambda*, defun-recur, parse-lambda-list
sqlite.el made monad-parse independent of defn
srfi-101.sls.txt random-access-lists added
stack-monads.el fixed recur.el bug in cond expansion, started kanren implementation i…
stack-words.el added shadchen.el
stack-words.elc added shadchen.el
stream-scratch.el monad tutorial, fixed curry word.
streams.el fixed, at least, recur.
streams.elc defn-readme, docs
streams.htm errata errata
testbuffer.txt microstack first
thunk.el lexical-madness
track-life.el Lots of new documentation.
tree-monads.el weighted graph monad commit
trie.el Added current monad functions binding to domonad
units.el Monadic parser update, bug fixes.
units.elc speed improvements for better-monad-parse
utils.el added shadchen.el
utils.elc ptbl update
virtues.el fixed regression, added monads
vorg.el a few bug fixes
vorg.elc monad-parse update
weighted-graph-monad.el weighted graph monad commit
weighted-graph-monad.elc weighted graph monad commit weighted graph monad commit3
with-stack.el monad transformers
with-stack.elc added shadchen.el defn fixes, more stack language

Clojure-like Emacs

(NOTE: changes to the monad library regarding scope have broken tons of code (temporarily) !)

This is a group of loosely organized utilities to add clojure like abilities to emacs-lisp.

It consists of defn and fn forms for declaring functions and anonymous functions. These forms support the usual clojure-style destructuring bind and arity based dispatch on function arguments. Another macro, dlet, implements destructuring bind for "let". All of them are lexically scoped, rather than the emacs default dynamic scope. Despite this, a defn function is an emacs function, and can be declared interactive.

defn, fn, dlet examples

These work in a manner similar to the clojure equivalents.

(require 'defn)

(defn f 
  ([x] x)
  ([x y] (* x y)))
(f 10) ; -> 10
(f 10 20) ; -> 200

This defines a function of one or two arguments. When the function is called, the correct body is invoked based on arity.

While emacs lacks a special syntax for tables, it does have hash tables. This library supports destructuring bind on hash-tables also via the following syntax:

(defn f [a 
         [:: z :z :or (tbl! :z 100)]] 
      (list a z))

(f 10 (tbl! :z 11)) -> (10 11)
(f 10 (tbl!)) -> (10 100)

Note that (tbl! :z 10) is short hand which creates a hash table. It can take multiple arguments: (tbl! :x 10 :y 11 :z 14). Quick access to the values in the table is accomplished via tbl: (tbl a-table:x) gives the value stored by :x. These functions are included in the library.

Destructuring bind is fully recursive, so you can nest desctructuring syntax deeply and the macros will do the right thing. The macro dlet works as you expect:

(dlet [x 10 y 11] (+ x y)) ;-> 21

All of them create lexical scopes. An alternative set of forms create dynamic scopes instead. These are available as fn_, defn_ and dlet_.

Functions and the dloop and dloop_ forms create recursion points so that the recur form causes a non-stack increasing recursion. This is implemented via a codewalking macro and the new dsetq form, which takes the same kind of input as a let, but setqs the values instead of creating a scope. With these extensions you can write:

(dloop [x 0 output nil] 
       (if (> x 10) (reverse output)
           (recur (+ x 1) (cons x output))))

Which evaluates to '(0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10). Functions create implicit loop points, so you can implement the product function like so:

(defn prod 
  ([[val & rest :as lst] acc]
   (if (not lst) acc
     (recur rest (* val acc))))
   (prod lst 1)))

Recur does not cause stack to be consumed. It compiles into the loop macro. Anonymous functions also support recur.


I've implemented primitive monad support using this library. These monads are patterned after the clojure contrib monad implementation (although they are substantially less complete). Monads use the same syntax for binding as clojure, so you can do neat things with them.

A simple example is the Identity monad.

(require 'monads)

(domonad monad-id [x 1 y 2] (+ x y)) ;-> 3

Slightly more interesting is the Maybe monad.

(domonad monad-maybe 
   [x (Just 20) 
    k (maybe/ x 4) 
    y (maybe+ k 1)] 
  y) ;-> (Just 6)


(domonad monad-maybe 
   [x (Just 20) 
    k (maybe/ x 0) ; Divide by zero ruins the calculation
    y (maybe+ k 1)] 
  y) ;-> (None)

Even more interesting is the sequence monad:

(domonad monad-seq 
   [x (list 1 2 3) 
    y (list 4 5 6)] 
  (list x y)) ;-> ((1 4) (1 5) (1 6) (2 4) (2 5) (2 6) (3 4) (3 5) (3 6))

Note that destructuring bind works with the monads:

(domonad monad-seq
   [[a b] (list '(1 2) '(3 4) '(5 6))]
  (+ a b)) ;-> (3 7 11)

This is built on top of the fn implementation, so all the desctructuring supported there works here.

The implementation is wacky right now, but will be cleaned up when I can find moments of respite from writing my dissertation.


Update 19 Apr 2010

  • fixed a bug in the expansion of recur wherein tail-calls inside let-like forms (let, let, lexical-let, lexical-let, labels, flet) would not expand.
  • Improved the fn and fn_ macros so that they do not compile to loops if recur is not used in their bodies. This is a tradeoff between compilation and execution speed.

Update 16 Mar 2010

  • finally implemented recur keywords. Also implemented a destructuring set operation. Added a dloop macro.

Update 28 Aug 2009

  • added State Monad (monad-state).

Update 26 Aug 2009

  • fixed a regression in defn code which disabled the ability to make defn's interactive.
    • identity monad
    • maybe monad
    • sequence monad
  • Monads support clojure-style destructuring bind via domonad expressions.
  • no support for with-monad yet.

Update 17 July 2009

  • fixed bug in dlet which caused an error with using the let*-like semantics. dlet is now a recursive macro
  • todo: re-implement fn in terms of dlet. Still will require special handling of the top-level form.

Update 15 July 2009

  • fixed bug wherein empty arg-lists would give an error.

Update 9 June 2009

  • added support for :or forms for sequence binding types.
  • Note: You can't use them at the top-level binder because they would confuse the automatic dispatch of function bodies on arity. Sorry.

Update 8 June 2009

  • added support for :keys in table binder, corrected several small bugs introduced by new parsing code.

Update 7 June 2009

  • rewrote binder parsing code so that it is easier to extend and support error checking
  • added support for :or forms in table binders. The form after :or is evaluated at call-time, rather than compile time, and must result in a hash-table with the appropriate keys to provide defaults.

(defn f a [:: z :z :or (tbl! :z 100)]) (f 10 (tbl! :z 11)) -> (10 11) (f 10 (tbl!)) -> (10 100)

Update 2 June 2009

  • added extensive checking of binder forms at compile time and what are hopefully informative error messages.
  • Todo
    • add support for :or form to the table destructuring

Update 1 June 2009

  • defn now expands in terms of the fn macro
  • lots more error checking. Some simple checks for misformed binders, also checks for arity when the function is called.

Update 31 May 2009

  • added support for multiple arity defn and fn definitions:

    (defn f ([x] x) (x y)) (f 10) ; -> 10 (f 10 20) ; -> 200

Some emacs utilities with clojure-style destructuring bind.

 (defn demo [a b [c d]] (list a b c d))
 (demo 1 2 (list 10 11)) -> (1 2 10 11)

The binding also works with hashtables.

(defn demo [a b [:: c :x d :y]] (list a b c d))
(let ((a-table (tbl! :x 100 :y 110)))
  (demo 1 2 a-table)) -> (1 2 100 110)

Most useful in the utils package may be a pair of functions for creating and manipulating hash tables.

 (tbl! :x 10 :y 11) ; creates a hash table with keys :x, :y and associated values
 (tbl a-table :x) ; returns the value at key :x

Update 5 June 2010

  • Corrected a bug in defn expansion with recur.

Update 10 Oct 2010

  • added lots of bug fixes, codewalking macros and functions to help write them, capturing-defun and capturing-lambda which attempt to meaningfully capture their apparent lexical scope (don't really work)
  • added lex-lambda and lex-defun which automatically create lexical scopes around their bodies, containing their args.
  • implemented monadic parser combinators using the monads in monads.el
  • added lots more stack language functions.
  • added a units library for dealing with SI units sort of smartly, integrates with with-stack, because unit calculations look nice there.
  • partial support for an interface to animator in animator.el.
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