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Warzone 2100 JavaScript Scripting API

Introduction

Warzone2100 contains a scripting language for implementing AIs, campaigns and some of the game rules. It uses JavaScript, so you should become familiar with this language before proceeding with this document. A number of very good guides to JavaScript exist on the Internet.

The following hard-coded files exist for game rules that use this API:

  • multiplay/skirmish/rules.js Default game rules - base setup, starting research, winning and losing.
  • multiplay/script/scavfact.js Scavenger AI. This script is active if scavengers are.

For ordinary AI scripts, these are controlled using AI JSON files that are present in the multiplayer/skirmish directory. Here is an example of such a file that defines an AI implemented using this API:

{
    "AI": {
	"js": "semperfi.js",
        "name": "SemperFi JS",
        "tip": "Rocket and missile technology based AI."
    }
}

It references a '.js' JavaScript file that needs to be in the same directory as the '.json' file.

The code in a javascript file is accessed through specially named functions called 'events'. These are defined below. An event is expected to carry out some computation then return immediately. The game is on hold while an event is processed, so do not do too many things at once, or else the player will experience stuttering.

All global variables are saved when the game is saved. However, do not try to keep JavaScript objects that are returned from API functions defined here around in the global scope. They are not meant to be used this way, and bad things may happen. If you need to keep static arrays around, it is better to keep them locally defined to a function, as they will then not be saved and loaded.

One error that it is easy to make upon initially learning JavaScript and using this API, is to try to use the 'for (... in ...)' construct to iterate over an array of objects. This does not work! Instead, use code like the following:

var droidlist = enumDroid(me, DROID_CONSTRUCT);
for (var i = 0; i < droidlist.length; i++)
{
	var droid = droidlist[i];
	...
}

The above code gets a list of all your construction droids, and iterates over them one by one.

The droid object that you receive here has multiple properties that can be accessed to learn more about it. These propertie are read-only, and cannot be changed. In fact, objects that you get are just a copies of game state, and do not give any access to changing the game state itself.

Any value written in ALL_CAPS_WITH_UNDERSCORES are enums, special read-only constants defined by the game.

Challenges

Challenges may load scripts as well, if a 'scripts' dictionary is present in the challenge file, and has the keys "extra" or "rules". The "extra" key sets up an additional script to be run during the challenge. The "rules" key sets up an alternative rules file, which means that the "rules.js" mentioned above is not run. In this case, you must implement your own rules for winning and losing, among other things. Here is an example of such a scripts section:

"scripts":
{
	"rules": "towerdefense.js"
}

You can also specify which AI scripts are to be run for each player. These must be given a path to the script, since you may sometimes want them from the AI directory (multiplay/skirmish/) and sometimes from the challenge directory (challenges/). If you do not want an AI script to be loaded for a player (for example, if you want this player to be controlled from one of your challenge scripts), then you can give it the special value "null". Here is an example if a challenge player definition with its AI specified:

"player_1": {
	"name": "Alpha",
	"ai": "multiplay/skirmish/nb_generic.js",
	"difficulty": "Hard",
	"team": 1
}

Common Objects

Some objects are described under the functions creating them. The following objects are produced by multiple functions and widely used throughout, so it is better to learn about them first.

Note the special term game object that is used in several places in this document. This refers to the results of any function returning a Structure, Droid, Feature or Base Object as described below. Some functions may take such objects as input parameters, in this case they may not take any other kind of object as input parameter instead.

In depth

Read more in depth about the following topics in their own pages. For newcomers, they are listed in the order we recommended reading them in. If you do not intend to change the campaign (or write a new campaign), you can skip the campaign topic.

Game objects

Events

Globals

Functions

Campaign

Gotchas / Bugs

Case sensitivity

Due to a bug that is not so easy to fix in the short term, variables defined in global must be case insensitive. Otherwise, they may collide on savegame loading. This is only for variables defined in your script. There is no need to maintain case insensitivity in regards to variables defined in global by the game itself, such as FACTORY (you can safely define your own 'factory' variable) -- the only exception to this is me.

Global objects

You must never put a game object, such as a droid or a structure, on the global scope. You only get a snapshot of their state, the state is not updated, and they are not removed when they die. Trying to store them globally then using them later will fail.

All variables stored in the global scope are stored when the game is saved, and restored when it is loaded. However, this may not work properly for complex objects. Basic arrays and basic types are supported, but it is generally not recommended to put objects on global, even though simple ones may work. Since the game cannot be saved while a function is running, you don't need to worry about local variables.

Const definitions are not stored in savegames, and are therefore recommended over variables to hold information that does not change.

Object states

Most object states that are changed from the scripts are not in fact changed, but queued up to be synchronized among clients. This means that you cannot check the state later in the same script invokation and expect it to have changed. This includes such things as giving orders to droids, setting production to structures, and so on. Instead, if for example you want to mark droids that have been ordered to do something, you can mark them by adding a custom property. Note that this property will not be remembered when it goes out of scope.

Early research

You cannot set research topics for research labs directly from eventStartLevel. Instead, queue up a function call to set it at some later frame.

Cyborg construction

Cyborg components are inter-linked, and cannot be passed in as lists as you can with ordinary droids, even though they might look that way.