Allows you to use prototypal inheritance in C#
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ProtoSharp allows you to simulate prototypal inheritence using the Dynamic Language Runtime features added in .Net 4

ProtoSharp is primarily a thought experiment, and an example of how we can augment C# with dynamic features using the DLR.

What does it look like?

By inheriting from ProtoObject, you can add new members to a type dynamically at runtime.

public class Foo: ProtoObject {}
public class Bar: Foo {}

dynamic myFoo = new Foo();
dynamic yourFoo = new Foo();
dynamic myBar = new Bar();

myFoo.Prototype.Name = "Josh";
myFoo.Prototype.SayHello = new Action(s => Console.WriteLine("Hello, " + s));

yourFoo.SayHello(myBar.Name); // 'Hello, Josh'

Preserving member state

Becuase ProtoSharp walks the inheritence chain, members can be overriden on any single instance.

public class Parent: ProtoObject {}
public class Child: ProtoObject {}

dynamic dad = new Parent();
dynamic son = new Child();
dynamic daughter = new Child();

dad.Prototype.Name = "Josh";
daughter.Name = "Hadassah";

Console.Write(dad.Name); // "Josh"
Console.Write(son.Name); // "Josh"
Console.Write(daughter.Name); // "Hadassah"

Checking for 'Undefined'

You might need to check for the existence of a member before trying to use it. ProtoSharp makes this easy using the Proto helper class.

dynamic obj = new ProtoObject();

//Evaluates to true since Name does not exist
if(obj.Name == Proto.Undefined){
   Console.Write("Name is Undefined");

Accessing this from dynamically added methods

Adding methods dynamically isn't all that useful unless you can access the current instance. Luckily the Proto helper class provides a thread safe way of accessing the current instance for dynamic methods.

dynamic obj = new ProtoObject();
dynamic obj2 = new ProtoObject();
dynamic obj3 = new ProtoObject();

obj.Prototype.Name = "Josh";
obj.Prototype.SayHello = (Func<String>)(() => {
    //Get a reference to the current instance
    dynamic @this = Proto.CurrentContext;

    return String.Format("Hello, {0}!", @this.Name);

obj2.Name = "Dan";
obj3.Name = "Kathy";

Console.Write(obj.SayHello()); // "Hello, Josh!"
Console.Write(obj2.SayHello()); // "Hello, Dan!"
Console.Write(obj3.SayHello()); // "Hello, Kathy!"