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A custom Model Field for tagging.
from django.db.models import signals
from django.db.models.fields import CharField
from django.utils.translation import ugettext_lazy as _
from tagging import settings
from tagging.models import Tag
from tagging.utils import edit_string_for_tags
class TagField(CharField):
A "special" character field that actually works as a relationship to tags
"under the hood". This exposes a space-separated string of tags, but does
the splitting/reordering/etc. under the hood.
def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
kwargs['max_length'] = kwargs.get('max_length', 255)
kwargs['blank'] = kwargs.get('blank', True)
kwargs['default'] = kwargs.get('default', '')
super(TagField, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)
def contribute_to_class(self, cls, name):
super(TagField, self).contribute_to_class(cls, name)
# Make this object the descriptor for field access.
setattr(cls,, self)
# Save tags back to the database post-save
signals.post_save.connect(self._save, cls, True)
# Update tags from Tag objects post-init
signals.post_init.connect(self._update, cls, True)
def __get__(self, instance, owner=None):
Tag getter. Returns an instance's tags if accessed on an instance, and
all of a model's tags if called on a class. That is, this model::
class Link(models.Model):
tags = TagField()
Lets you do both of these::
>>> l = Link.objects.get(...)
>>> l.tags
'tag1 tag2 tag3'
>>> Link.tags
'tag1 tag2 tag3 tag4'
# Handle access on the model (i.e. Link.tags)
if instance is None:
return edit_string_for_tags(Tag.objects.usage_for_model(owner))
return self._get_instance_tag_cache(instance)
def __set__(self, instance, value):
Set an object's tags.
if instance is None:
raise AttributeError(_('%s can only be set on instances.') %
if settings.FORCE_LOWERCASE_TAGS and value is not None:
value = value.lower()
self._set_instance_tag_cache(instance, value)
def _save(self, **kwargs): #signal, sender, instance):
Save tags back to the database
tags = self._get_instance_tag_cache(kwargs['instance'])
Tag.objects.update_tags(kwargs['instance'], tags)
def _update(self, **kwargs): #signal, sender, instance):
Update tag cache from TaggedItem objects.
instance = kwargs['instance']
def __delete__(self, instance):
Clear all of an object's tags.
self._set_instance_tag_cache(instance, '')
def _get_instance_tag_cache(self, instance):
Helper: get an instance's tag cache.
return getattr(instance, '_%s_cache' % self.attname, None)
def _set_instance_tag_cache(self, instance, tags):
Helper: set an instance's tag cache.
setattr(instance, '_%s_cache' % self.attname, tags)
def _update_instance_tag_cache(self, instance):
Helper: update an instance's tag cache from actual Tags.
# for an unsaved object, leave the default value alone
if is not None:
tags = edit_string_for_tags(Tag.objects.get_for_object(instance))
self._set_instance_tag_cache(instance, tags)
def get_internal_type(self):
return 'CharField'
def formfield(self, **kwargs):
from tagging import forms
defaults = {'form_class': forms.TagField}
return super(TagField, self).formfield(**defaults)