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<?php
/**
* HTTP API: WP_Http_Curl class
*
* @package WordPress
* @subpackage HTTP
* @since 4.4.0
*/
/**
* Core class used to integrate Curl as an HTTP transport.
*
* HTTP request method uses Curl extension to retrieve the url.
*
* Requires the Curl extension to be installed.
*
* @since 2.7.0
*/
class WP_Http_Curl {
/**
* Temporary header storage for during requests.
*
* @since 3.2.0
* @var string
*/
private $headers = '';
/**
* Temporary body storage for during requests.
*
* @since 3.6.0
* @var string
*/
private $body = '';
/**
* The maximum amount of data to receive from the remote server.
*
* @since 3.6.0
* @var int
*/
private $max_body_length = false;
/**
* The file resource used for streaming to file.
*
* @since 3.6.0
* @var resource
*/
private $stream_handle = false;
/**
* The total bytes written in the current request.
*
* @since 4.1.0
* @var int
*/
private $bytes_written_total = 0;
/**
* Send a HTTP request to a URI using cURL extension.
*
* @since 2.7.0
*
* @param string $url The request URL.
* @param string|array $args Optional. Override the defaults.
* @return array|WP_Error Array containing 'headers', 'body', 'response', 'cookies', 'filename'. A WP_Error instance upon error
*/
public function request( $url, $args = array() ) {
$defaults = array(
'method' => 'GET',
'timeout' => 5,
'redirection' => 5,
'httpversion' => '1.0',
'blocking' => true,
'headers' => array(),
'body' => null,
'cookies' => array(),
);
$r = wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults );
if ( isset( $r['headers']['User-Agent'] ) ) {
$r['user-agent'] = $r['headers']['User-Agent'];
unset( $r['headers']['User-Agent'] );
} elseif ( isset( $r['headers']['user-agent'] ) ) {
$r['user-agent'] = $r['headers']['user-agent'];
unset( $r['headers']['user-agent'] );
}
// Construct Cookie: header if any cookies are set.
WP_Http::buildCookieHeader( $r );
$handle = curl_init();
// cURL offers really easy proxy support.
$proxy = new WP_HTTP_Proxy();
if ( $proxy->is_enabled() && $proxy->send_through_proxy( $url ) ) {
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_PROXYTYPE, CURLPROXY_HTTP );
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_PROXY, $proxy->host() );
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_PROXYPORT, $proxy->port() );
if ( $proxy->use_authentication() ) {
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_PROXYAUTH, CURLAUTH_ANY );
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_PROXYUSERPWD, $proxy->authentication() );
}
}
$is_local = isset( $r['local'] ) && $r['local'];
$ssl_verify = isset( $r['sslverify'] ) && $r['sslverify'];
if ( $is_local ) {
/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/class-wp-http-streams.php */
$ssl_verify = apply_filters( 'https_local_ssl_verify', $ssl_verify, $url );
} elseif ( ! $is_local ) {
/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/class-http.php */
$ssl_verify = apply_filters( 'https_ssl_verify', $ssl_verify, $url );
}
/*
* CURLOPT_TIMEOUT and CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT expect integers. Have to use ceil since.
* a value of 0 will allow an unlimited timeout.
*/
$timeout = (int) ceil( $r['timeout'] );
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_CONNECTTIMEOUT, $timeout );
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, $timeout );
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_URL, $url );
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true );
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYHOST, ( $ssl_verify === true ) ? 2 : false );
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, $ssl_verify );
if ( $ssl_verify ) {
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_CAINFO, $r['sslcertificates'] );
}
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_USERAGENT, $r['user-agent'] );
/*
* The option doesn't work with safe mode or when open_basedir is set, and there's
* a bug #17490 with redirected POST requests, so handle redirections outside Curl.
*/
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_FOLLOWLOCATION, false );
if ( defined( 'CURLOPT_PROTOCOLS' ) ) { // PHP 5.2.10 / cURL 7.19.4
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_PROTOCOLS, CURLPROTO_HTTP | CURLPROTO_HTTPS );
}
switch ( $r['method'] ) {
case 'HEAD':
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_NOBODY, true );
break;
case 'POST':
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_POST, true );
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $r['body'] );
break;
case 'PUT':
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, 'PUT' );
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $r['body'] );
break;
default:
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, $r['method'] );
if ( ! is_null( $r['body'] ) ) {
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, $r['body'] );
}
break;
}
if ( true === $r['blocking'] ) {
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_HEADERFUNCTION, array( $this, 'stream_headers' ) );
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_WRITEFUNCTION, array( $this, 'stream_body' ) );
}
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_HEADER, false );
if ( isset( $r['limit_response_size'] ) ) {
$this->max_body_length = intval( $r['limit_response_size'] );
} else {
$this->max_body_length = false;
}
// If streaming to a file open a file handle, and setup our curl streaming handler.
if ( $r['stream'] ) {
if ( ! WP_DEBUG ) {
$this->stream_handle = @fopen( $r['filename'], 'w+' );
} else {
$this->stream_handle = fopen( $r['filename'], 'w+' );
}
if ( ! $this->stream_handle ) {
return new WP_Error(
'http_request_failed',
sprintf(
/* translators: 1: fopen(), 2: file name */
__( 'Could not open handle for %1$s to %2$s.' ),
'fopen()',
$r['filename']
)
);
}
} else {
$this->stream_handle = false;
}
if ( ! empty( $r['headers'] ) ) {
// cURL expects full header strings in each element.
$headers = array();
foreach ( $r['headers'] as $name => $value ) {
$headers[] = "{$name}: $value";
}
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $headers );
}
if ( $r['httpversion'] == '1.0' ) {
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_HTTP_VERSION, CURL_HTTP_VERSION_1_0 );
} else {
curl_setopt( $handle, CURLOPT_HTTP_VERSION, CURL_HTTP_VERSION_1_1 );
}
/**
* Fires before the cURL request is executed.
*
* Cookies are not currently handled by the HTTP API. This action allows
* plugins to handle cookies themselves.
*
* @since 2.8.0
*
* @param resource $handle The cURL handle returned by curl_init() (passed by reference).
* @param array $r The HTTP request arguments.
* @param string $url The request URL.
*/
do_action_ref_array( 'http_api_curl', array( &$handle, $r, $url ) );
// We don't need to return the body, so don't. Just execute request and return.
if ( ! $r['blocking'] ) {
curl_exec( $handle );
if ( $curl_error = curl_error( $handle ) ) {
curl_close( $handle );
return new WP_Error( 'http_request_failed', $curl_error );
}
if ( in_array( curl_getinfo( $handle, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE ), array( 301, 302 ) ) ) {
curl_close( $handle );
return new WP_Error( 'http_request_failed', __( 'Too many redirects.' ) );
}
curl_close( $handle );
return array(
'headers' => array(),
'body' => '',
'response' => array(
'code' => false,
'message' => false,
),
'cookies' => array(),
);
}
curl_exec( $handle );
$theHeaders = WP_Http::processHeaders( $this->headers, $url );
$theBody = $this->body;
$bytes_written_total = $this->bytes_written_total;
$this->headers = '';
$this->body = '';
$this->bytes_written_total = 0;
$curl_error = curl_errno( $handle );
// If an error occurred, or, no response.
if ( $curl_error || ( 0 == strlen( $theBody ) && empty( $theHeaders['headers'] ) ) ) {
if ( CURLE_WRITE_ERROR /* 23 */ == $curl_error ) {
if ( ! $this->max_body_length || $this->max_body_length != $bytes_written_total ) {
if ( $r['stream'] ) {
curl_close( $handle );
fclose( $this->stream_handle );
return new WP_Error( 'http_request_failed', __( 'Failed to write request to temporary file.' ) );
} else {
curl_close( $handle );
return new WP_Error( 'http_request_failed', curl_error( $handle ) );
}
}
} else {
if ( $curl_error = curl_error( $handle ) ) {
curl_close( $handle );
return new WP_Error( 'http_request_failed', $curl_error );
}
}
if ( in_array( curl_getinfo( $handle, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE ), array( 301, 302 ) ) ) {
curl_close( $handle );
return new WP_Error( 'http_request_failed', __( 'Too many redirects.' ) );
}
}
curl_close( $handle );
if ( $r['stream'] ) {
fclose( $this->stream_handle );
}
$response = array(
'headers' => $theHeaders['headers'],
'body' => null,
'response' => $theHeaders['response'],
'cookies' => $theHeaders['cookies'],
'filename' => $r['filename'],
);
// Handle redirects.
if ( false !== ( $redirect_response = WP_HTTP::handle_redirects( $url, $r, $response ) ) ) {
return $redirect_response;
}
if ( true === $r['decompress'] && true === WP_Http_Encoding::should_decode( $theHeaders['headers'] ) ) {
$theBody = WP_Http_Encoding::decompress( $theBody );
}
$response['body'] = $theBody;
return $response;
}
/**
* Grabs the headers of the cURL request.
*
* Each header is sent individually to this callback, so we append to the `$header` property
* for temporary storage
*
* @since 3.2.0
*
* @param resource $handle cURL handle.
* @param string $headers cURL request headers.
* @return int Length of the request headers.
*/
private function stream_headers( $handle, $headers ) {
$this->headers .= $headers;
return strlen( $headers );
}
/**
* Grabs the body of the cURL request.
*
* The contents of the document are passed in chunks, so we append to the `$body`
* property for temporary storage. Returning a length shorter than the length of
* `$data` passed in will cause cURL to abort the request with `CURLE_WRITE_ERROR`.
*
* @since 3.6.0
*
* @param resource $handle cURL handle.
* @param string $data cURL request body.
* @return int Total bytes of data written.
*/
private function stream_body( $handle, $data ) {
$data_length = strlen( $data );
if ( $this->max_body_length && ( $this->bytes_written_total + $data_length ) > $this->max_body_length ) {
$data_length = ( $this->max_body_length - $this->bytes_written_total );
$data = substr( $data, 0, $data_length );
}
if ( $this->stream_handle ) {
$bytes_written = fwrite( $this->stream_handle, $data );
} else {
$this->body .= $data;
$bytes_written = $data_length;
}
$this->bytes_written_total += $bytes_written;
// Upon event of this function returning less than strlen( $data ) curl will error with CURLE_WRITE_ERROR.
return $bytes_written;
}
/**
* Determines whether this class can be used for retrieving a URL.
*
* @since 2.7.0
*
* @param array $args Optional. Array of request arguments. Default empty array.
* @return bool False means this class can not be used, true means it can.
*/
public static function test( $args = array() ) {
if ( ! function_exists( 'curl_init' ) || ! function_exists( 'curl_exec' ) ) {
return false;
}
$is_ssl = isset( $args['ssl'] ) && $args['ssl'];
if ( $is_ssl ) {
$curl_version = curl_version();
// Check whether this cURL version support SSL requests.
if ( ! ( CURL_VERSION_SSL & $curl_version['features'] ) ) {
return false;
}
}
/**
* Filters whether cURL can be used as a transport for retrieving a URL.
*
* @since 2.7.0
*
* @param bool $use_class Whether the class can be used. Default true.
* @param array $args An array of request arguments.
*/
return apply_filters( 'use_curl_transport', true, $args );
}
}