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<?php
/**
* Core Metadata API
*
* Functions for retrieving and manipulating metadata of various WordPress object types. Metadata
* for an object is a represented by a simple key-value pair. Objects may contain multiple
* metadata entries that share the same key and differ only in their value.
*
* @package WordPress
* @subpackage Meta
*/
/**
* Add metadata for the specified object.
*
* @since 2.9.0
*
* @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
*
* @param string $meta_type Type of object metadata is for (e.g., comment, post, term, or user).
* @param int $object_id ID of the object metadata is for
* @param string $meta_key Metadata key
* @param mixed $meta_value Metadata value. Must be serializable if non-scalar.
* @param bool $unique Optional, default is false.
* Whether the specified metadata key should be unique for the object.
* If true, and the object already has a value for the specified metadata key,
* no change will be made.
* @return int|false The meta ID on success, false on failure.
*/
function add_metadata( $meta_type, $object_id, $meta_key, $meta_value, $unique = false ) {
global $wpdb;
if ( ! $meta_type || ! $meta_key || ! is_numeric( $object_id ) ) {
return false;
}
$object_id = absint( $object_id );
if ( ! $object_id ) {
return false;
}
$table = _get_meta_table( $meta_type );
if ( ! $table ) {
return false;
}
$meta_subtype = get_object_subtype( $meta_type, $object_id );
$column = sanitize_key( $meta_type . '_id' );
// expected_slashed ($meta_key)
$meta_key = wp_unslash( $meta_key );
$meta_value = wp_unslash( $meta_value );
$meta_value = sanitize_meta( $meta_key, $meta_value, $meta_type, $meta_subtype );
/**
* Filters whether to add metadata of a specific type.
*
* The dynamic portion of the hook, `$meta_type`, refers to the meta
* object type (comment, post, term, or user). Returning a non-null value
* will effectively short-circuit the function.
*
* @since 3.1.0
*
* @param null|bool $check Whether to allow adding metadata for the given type.
* @param int $object_id Object ID.
* @param string $meta_key Meta key.
* @param mixed $meta_value Meta value. Must be serializable if non-scalar.
* @param bool $unique Whether the specified meta key should be unique
* for the object. Optional. Default false.
*/
$check = apply_filters( "add_{$meta_type}_metadata", null, $object_id, $meta_key, $meta_value, $unique );
if ( null !== $check ) {
return $check;
}
if ( $unique && $wpdb->get_var(
$wpdb->prepare(
"SELECT COUNT(*) FROM $table WHERE meta_key = %s AND $column = %d",
$meta_key,
$object_id
)
) ) {
return false;
}
$_meta_value = $meta_value;
$meta_value = maybe_serialize( $meta_value );
/**
* Fires immediately before meta of a specific type is added.
*
* The dynamic portion of the hook, `$meta_type`, refers to the meta
* object type (comment, post, term, or user).
*
* @since 3.1.0
*
* @param int $object_id Object ID.
* @param string $meta_key Meta key.
* @param mixed $meta_value Meta value.
*/
do_action( "add_{$meta_type}_meta", $object_id, $meta_key, $_meta_value );
$result = $wpdb->insert(
$table,
array(
$column => $object_id,
'meta_key' => $meta_key,
'meta_value' => $meta_value,
)
);
if ( ! $result ) {
return false;
}
$mid = (int) $wpdb->insert_id;
wp_cache_delete( $object_id, $meta_type . '_meta' );
/**
* Fires immediately after meta of a specific type is added.
*
* The dynamic portion of the hook, `$meta_type`, refers to the meta
* object type (comment, post, term, or user).
*
* @since 2.9.0
*
* @param int $mid The meta ID after successful update.
* @param int $object_id Object ID.
* @param string $meta_key Meta key.
* @param mixed $meta_value Meta value.
*/
do_action( "added_{$meta_type}_meta", $mid, $object_id, $meta_key, $_meta_value );
return $mid;
}
/**
* Update metadata for the specified object. If no value already exists for the specified object
* ID and metadata key, the metadata will be added.
*
* @since 2.9.0
*
* @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
*
* @param string $meta_type Type of object metadata is for (e.g., comment, post, term, or user).
* @param int $object_id ID of the object metadata is for
* @param string $meta_key Metadata key
* @param mixed $meta_value Metadata value. Must be serializable if non-scalar.
* @param mixed $prev_value Optional. If specified, only update existing metadata entries with
* the specified value. Otherwise, update all entries.
* @return int|bool The new meta field ID if a field with the given key didn't exist and was
* therefore added, true on successful update, false on failure.
*/
function update_metadata( $meta_type, $object_id, $meta_key, $meta_value, $prev_value = '' ) {
global $wpdb;
if ( ! $meta_type || ! $meta_key || ! is_numeric( $object_id ) ) {
return false;
}
$object_id = absint( $object_id );
if ( ! $object_id ) {
return false;
}
$table = _get_meta_table( $meta_type );
if ( ! $table ) {
return false;
}
$meta_subtype = get_object_subtype( $meta_type, $object_id );
$column = sanitize_key( $meta_type . '_id' );
$id_column = 'user' == $meta_type ? 'umeta_id' : 'meta_id';
// expected_slashed ($meta_key)
$raw_meta_key = $meta_key;
$meta_key = wp_unslash( $meta_key );
$passed_value = $meta_value;
$meta_value = wp_unslash( $meta_value );
$meta_value = sanitize_meta( $meta_key, $meta_value, $meta_type, $meta_subtype );
/**
* Filters whether to update metadata of a specific type.
*
* The dynamic portion of the hook, `$meta_type`, refers to the meta
* object type (comment, post, term, or user). Returning a non-null value
* will effectively short-circuit the function.
*
* @since 3.1.0
*
* @param null|bool $check Whether to allow updating metadata for the given type.
* @param int $object_id Object ID.
* @param string $meta_key Meta key.
* @param mixed $meta_value Meta value. Must be serializable if non-scalar.
* @param mixed $prev_value Optional. If specified, only update existing
* metadata entries with the specified value.
* Otherwise, update all entries.
*/
$check = apply_filters( "update_{$meta_type}_metadata", null, $object_id, $meta_key, $meta_value, $prev_value );
if ( null !== $check ) {
return (bool) $check;
}
// Compare existing value to new value if no prev value given and the key exists only once.
if ( empty( $prev_value ) ) {
$old_value = get_metadata( $meta_type, $object_id, $meta_key );
if ( count( $old_value ) == 1 ) {
if ( $old_value[0] === $meta_value ) {
return false;
}
}
}
$meta_ids = $wpdb->get_col( $wpdb->prepare( "SELECT $id_column FROM $table WHERE meta_key = %s AND $column = %d", $meta_key, $object_id ) );
if ( empty( $meta_ids ) ) {
return add_metadata( $meta_type, $object_id, $raw_meta_key, $passed_value );
}
$_meta_value = $meta_value;
$meta_value = maybe_serialize( $meta_value );
$data = compact( 'meta_value' );
$where = array(
$column => $object_id,
'meta_key' => $meta_key,
);
if ( ! empty( $prev_value ) ) {
$prev_value = maybe_serialize( $prev_value );
$where['meta_value'] = $prev_value;
}
foreach ( $meta_ids as $meta_id ) {
/**
* Fires immediately before updating metadata of a specific type.
*
* The dynamic portion of the hook, `$meta_type`, refers to the meta
* object type (comment, post, term, or user).
*
* @since 2.9.0
*
* @param int $meta_id ID of the metadata entry to update.
* @param int $object_id Object ID.
* @param string $meta_key Meta key.
* @param mixed $meta_value Meta value.
*/
do_action( "update_{$meta_type}_meta", $meta_id, $object_id, $meta_key, $_meta_value );
if ( 'post' == $meta_type ) {
/**
* Fires immediately before updating a post's metadata.
*
* @since 2.9.0
*
* @param int $meta_id ID of metadata entry to update.
* @param int $object_id Object ID.
* @param string $meta_key Meta key.
* @param mixed $meta_value Meta value.
*/
do_action( 'update_postmeta', $meta_id, $object_id, $meta_key, $meta_value );
}
}
$result = $wpdb->update( $table, $data, $where );
if ( ! $result ) {
return false;
}
wp_cache_delete( $object_id, $meta_type . '_meta' );
foreach ( $meta_ids as $meta_id ) {
/**
* Fires immediately after updating metadata of a specific type.
*
* The dynamic portion of the hook, `$meta_type`, refers to the meta
* object type (comment, post, term, or user).
*
* @since 2.9.0
*
* @param int $meta_id ID of updated metadata entry.
* @param int $object_id Object ID.
* @param string $meta_key Meta key.
* @param mixed $meta_value Meta value.
*/
do_action( "updated_{$meta_type}_meta", $meta_id, $object_id, $meta_key, $_meta_value );
if ( 'post' == $meta_type ) {
/**
* Fires immediately after updating a post's metadata.
*
* @since 2.9.0
*
* @param int $meta_id ID of updated metadata entry.
* @param int $object_id Object ID.
* @param string $meta_key Meta key.
* @param mixed $meta_value Meta value.
*/
do_action( 'updated_postmeta', $meta_id, $object_id, $meta_key, $meta_value );
}
}
return true;
}
/**
* Delete metadata for the specified object.
*
* @since 2.9.0
*
* @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
*
* @param string $meta_type Type of object metadata is for (e.g., comment, post, term, or user).
* @param int $object_id ID of the object metadata is for
* @param string $meta_key Metadata key
* @param mixed $meta_value Optional. Metadata value. Must be serializable if non-scalar. If specified, only delete
* metadata entries with this value. Otherwise, delete all entries with the specified meta_key.
* Pass `null`, `false`, or an empty string to skip this check. (For backward compatibility,
* it is not possible to pass an empty string to delete those entries with an empty string
* for a value.)
* @param bool $delete_all Optional, default is false. If true, delete matching metadata entries for all objects,
* ignoring the specified object_id. Otherwise, only delete matching metadata entries for
* the specified object_id.
* @return bool True on successful delete, false on failure.
*/
function delete_metadata( $meta_type, $object_id, $meta_key, $meta_value = '', $delete_all = false ) {
global $wpdb;
if ( ! $meta_type || ! $meta_key || ! is_numeric( $object_id ) && ! $delete_all ) {
return false;
}
$object_id = absint( $object_id );
if ( ! $object_id && ! $delete_all ) {
return false;
}
$table = _get_meta_table( $meta_type );
if ( ! $table ) {
return false;
}
$type_column = sanitize_key( $meta_type . '_id' );
$id_column = 'user' == $meta_type ? 'umeta_id' : 'meta_id';
// expected_slashed ($meta_key)
$meta_key = wp_unslash( $meta_key );
$meta_value = wp_unslash( $meta_value );
/**
* Filters whether to delete metadata of a specific type.
*
* The dynamic portion of the hook, `$meta_type`, refers to the meta
* object type (comment, post, term, or user). Returning a non-null value
* will effectively short-circuit the function.
*
* @since 3.1.0
*
* @param null|bool $delete Whether to allow metadata deletion of the given type.
* @param int $object_id Object ID.
* @param string $meta_key Meta key.
* @param mixed $meta_value Meta value. Must be serializable if non-scalar.
* @param bool $delete_all Whether to delete the matching metadata entries
* for all objects, ignoring the specified $object_id.
* Default false.
*/
$check = apply_filters( "delete_{$meta_type}_metadata", null, $object_id, $meta_key, $meta_value, $delete_all );
if ( null !== $check ) {
return (bool) $check;
}
$_meta_value = $meta_value;
$meta_value = maybe_serialize( $meta_value );
$query = $wpdb->prepare( "SELECT $id_column FROM $table WHERE meta_key = %s", $meta_key );
if ( ! $delete_all ) {
$query .= $wpdb->prepare( " AND $type_column = %d", $object_id );
}
if ( '' !== $meta_value && null !== $meta_value && false !== $meta_value ) {
$query .= $wpdb->prepare( ' AND meta_value = %s', $meta_value );
}
$meta_ids = $wpdb->get_col( $query );
if ( ! count( $meta_ids ) ) {
return false;
}
if ( $delete_all ) {
if ( '' !== $meta_value && null !== $meta_value && false !== $meta_value ) {
$object_ids = $wpdb->get_col( $wpdb->prepare( "SELECT $type_column FROM $table WHERE meta_key = %s AND meta_value = %s", $meta_key, $meta_value ) );
} else {
$object_ids = $wpdb->get_col( $wpdb->prepare( "SELECT $type_column FROM $table WHERE meta_key = %s", $meta_key ) );
}
}
/**
* Fires immediately before deleting metadata of a specific type.
*
* The dynamic portion of the hook, `$meta_type`, refers to the meta
* object type (comment, post, term, or user).
*
* @since 3.1.0
*
* @param array $meta_ids An array of metadata entry IDs to delete.
* @param int $object_id Object ID.
* @param string $meta_key Meta key.
* @param mixed $meta_value Meta value.
*/
do_action( "delete_{$meta_type}_meta", $meta_ids, $object_id, $meta_key, $_meta_value );
// Old-style action.
if ( 'post' == $meta_type ) {
/**
* Fires immediately before deleting metadata for a post.
*
* @since 2.9.0
*
* @param array $meta_ids An array of post metadata entry IDs to delete.
*/
do_action( 'delete_postmeta', $meta_ids );
}
$query = "DELETE FROM $table WHERE $id_column IN( " . implode( ',', $meta_ids ) . ' )';
$count = $wpdb->query( $query );
if ( ! $count ) {
return false;
}
if ( $delete_all ) {
foreach ( (array) $object_ids as $o_id ) {
wp_cache_delete( $o_id, $meta_type . '_meta' );
}
} else {
wp_cache_delete( $object_id, $meta_type . '_meta' );
}
/**
* Fires immediately after deleting metadata of a specific type.
*
* The dynamic portion of the hook name, `$meta_type`, refers to the meta
* object type (comment, post, term, or user).
*
* @since 2.9.0
*
* @param array $meta_ids An array of deleted metadata entry IDs.
* @param int $object_id Object ID.
* @param string $meta_key Meta key.
* @param mixed $meta_value Meta value.
*/
do_action( "deleted_{$meta_type}_meta", $meta_ids, $object_id, $meta_key, $_meta_value );
// Old-style action.
if ( 'post' == $meta_type ) {
/**
* Fires immediately after deleting metadata for a post.
*
* @since 2.9.0
*
* @param array $meta_ids An array of deleted post metadata entry IDs.
*/
do_action( 'deleted_postmeta', $meta_ids );
}
return true;
}
/**
* Retrieve metadata for the specified object.
*
* @since 2.9.0
*
* @param string $meta_type Type of object metadata is for (e.g., comment, post, term, or user).
* @param int $object_id ID of the object metadata is for
* @param string $meta_key Optional. Metadata key. If not specified, retrieve all metadata for
* the specified object.
* @param bool $single Optional, default is false.
* If true, return only the first value of the specified meta_key.
* This parameter has no effect if meta_key is not specified.
* @return mixed Single metadata value, or array of values
*/
function get_metadata( $meta_type, $object_id, $meta_key = '', $single = false ) {
if ( ! $meta_type || ! is_numeric( $object_id ) ) {
return false;
}
$object_id = absint( $object_id );
if ( ! $object_id ) {
return false;
}
/**
* Filters whether to retrieve metadata of a specific type.
*
* The dynamic portion of the hook, `$meta_type`, refers to the meta
* object type (comment, post, term, or user). Returning a non-null value
* will effectively short-circuit the function.
*
* @since 3.1.0
*
* @param null|array|string $value The value get_metadata() should return - a single metadata value,
* or an array of values.
* @param int $object_id Object ID.
* @param string $meta_key Meta key.
* @param bool $single Whether to return only the first value of the specified $meta_key.
*/
$check = apply_filters( "get_{$meta_type}_metadata", null, $object_id, $meta_key, $single );
if ( null !== $check ) {
if ( $single && is_array( $check ) ) {
return $check[0];
} else {
return $check;
}
}
$meta_cache = wp_cache_get( $object_id, $meta_type . '_meta' );
if ( ! $meta_cache ) {
$meta_cache = update_meta_cache( $meta_type, array( $object_id ) );
$meta_cache = $meta_cache[ $object_id ];
}
if ( ! $meta_key ) {
return $meta_cache;
}
if ( isset( $meta_cache[ $meta_key ] ) ) {
if ( $single ) {
return maybe_unserialize( $meta_cache[ $meta_key ][0] );
} else {
return array_map( 'maybe_unserialize', $meta_cache[ $meta_key ] );
}
}
if ( $single ) {
return '';
} else {
return array();
}
}
/**
* Determine if a meta key is set for a given object
*
* @since 3.3.0
*
* @param string $meta_type Type of object metadata is for (e.g., comment, post, term, or user).
* @param int $object_id ID of the object metadata is for
* @param string $meta_key Metadata key.
* @return bool True of the key is set, false if not.
*/
function metadata_exists( $meta_type, $object_id, $meta_key ) {
if ( ! $meta_type || ! is_numeric( $object_id ) ) {
return false;
}
$object_id = absint( $object_id );
if ( ! $object_id ) {
return false;
}
/** This filter is documented in wp-includes/meta.php */
$check = apply_filters( "get_{$meta_type}_metadata", null, $object_id, $meta_key, true );
if ( null !== $check ) {
return (bool) $check;
}
$meta_cache = wp_cache_get( $object_id, $meta_type . '_meta' );
if ( ! $meta_cache ) {
$meta_cache = update_meta_cache( $meta_type, array( $object_id ) );
$meta_cache = $meta_cache[ $object_id ];
}
if ( isset( $meta_cache[ $meta_key ] ) ) {
return true;
}
return false;
}
/**
* Get meta data by meta ID
*
* @since 3.3.0
*
* @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
*
* @param string $meta_type Type of object metadata is for (e.g., comment, post, term, or user).
* @param int $meta_id ID for a specific meta row
* @return object|false Meta object or false.
*/
function get_metadata_by_mid( $meta_type, $meta_id ) {
global $wpdb;
if ( ! $meta_type || ! is_numeric( $meta_id ) || floor( $meta_id ) != $meta_id ) {
return false;
}
$meta_id = intval( $meta_id );
if ( $meta_id <= 0 ) {
return false;
}
$table = _get_meta_table( $meta_type );
if ( ! $table ) {
return false;
}
$id_column = ( 'user' == $meta_type ) ? 'umeta_id' : 'meta_id';
$meta = $wpdb->get_row( $wpdb->prepare( "SELECT * FROM $table WHERE $id_column = %d", $meta_id ) );
if ( empty( $meta ) ) {
return false;
}
if ( isset( $meta->meta_value ) ) {
$meta->meta_value = maybe_unserialize( $meta->meta_value );
}
return $meta;
}
/**
* Update meta data by meta ID
*
* @since 3.3.0
*
* @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
*
* @param string $meta_type Type of object metadata is for (e.g., comment, post, term, or user).
* @param int $meta_id ID for a specific meta row
* @param string $meta_value Metadata value
* @param string $meta_key Optional, you can provide a meta key to update it
* @return bool True on successful update, false on failure.
*/
function update_metadata_by_mid( $meta_type, $meta_id, $meta_value, $meta_key = false ) {
global $wpdb;
// Make sure everything is valid.
if ( ! $meta_type || ! is_numeric( $meta_id ) || floor( $meta_id ) != $meta_id ) {
return false;
}
$meta_id = intval( $meta_id );
if ( $meta_id <= 0 ) {
return false;
}
$table = _get_meta_table( $meta_type );
if ( ! $table ) {
return false;
}
$column = sanitize_key( $meta_type . '_id' );
$id_column = 'user' == $meta_type ? 'umeta_id' : 'meta_id';
// Fetch the meta and go on if it's found.
if ( $meta = get_metadata_by_mid( $meta_type, $meta_id ) ) {
$original_key = $meta->meta_key;
$object_id = $meta->{$column};
// If a new meta_key (last parameter) was specified, change the meta key,
// otherwise use the original key in the update statement.
if ( false === $meta_key ) {
$meta_key = $original_key;
} elseif ( ! is_string( $meta_key ) ) {
return false;
}
$meta_subtype = get_object_subtype( $meta_type, $object_id );
// Sanitize the meta
$_meta_value = $meta_value;
$meta_value = sanitize_meta( $meta_key, $meta_value, $meta_type, $meta_subtype );
$meta_value = maybe_serialize( $meta_value );
// Format the data query arguments.
$data = array(
'meta_key' => $meta_key,
'meta_value' => $meta_value,
);
// Format the where query arguments.
$where = array();
$where[ $id_column ] = $meta_id;
/** This action is documented in wp-includes/meta.php */
do_action( "update_{$meta_type}_meta", $meta_id, $object_id, $meta_key, $_meta_value );
if ( 'post' == $meta_type ) {
/** This action is documented in wp-includes/meta.php */
do_action( 'update_postmeta', $meta_id, $object_id, $meta_key, $meta_value );
}
// Run the update query, all fields in $data are %s, $where is a %d.
$result = $wpdb->update( $table, $data, $where, '%s', '%d' );
if ( ! $result ) {
return false;
}
// Clear the caches.
wp_cache_delete( $object_id, $meta_type . '_meta' );
/** This action is documented in wp-includes/meta.php */
do_action( "updated_{$meta_type}_meta", $meta_id, $object_id, $meta_key, $_meta_value );
if ( 'post' == $meta_type ) {
/** This action is documented in wp-includes/meta.php */
do_action( 'updated_postmeta', $meta_id, $object_id, $meta_key, $meta_value );
}
return true;
}
// And if the meta was not found.
return false;
}
/**
* Delete meta data by meta ID
*
* @since 3.3.0
*
* @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
*
* @param string $meta_type Type of object metadata is for (e.g., comment, post, term, or user).
* @param int $meta_id ID for a specific meta row
* @return bool True on successful delete, false on failure.
*/
function delete_metadata_by_mid( $meta_type, $meta_id ) {
global $wpdb;
// Make sure everything is valid.
if ( ! $meta_type || ! is_numeric( $meta_id ) || floor( $meta_id ) != $meta_id ) {
return false;
}
$meta_id = intval( $meta_id );
if ( $meta_id <= 0 ) {
return false;
}
$table = _get_meta_table( $meta_type );
if ( ! $table ) {
return false;
}
// object and id columns
$column = sanitize_key( $meta_type . '_id' );
$id_column = 'user' == $meta_type ? 'umeta_id' : 'meta_id';
// Fetch the meta and go on if it's found.
if ( $meta = get_metadata_by_mid( $meta_type, $meta_id ) ) {
$object_id = $meta->{$column};
/** This action is documented in wp-includes/meta.php */
do_action( "delete_{$meta_type}_meta", (array) $meta_id, $object_id, $meta->meta_key, $meta->meta_value );
// Old-style action.
if ( 'post' == $meta_type || 'comment' == $meta_type ) {
/**
* Fires immediately before deleting post or comment metadata of a specific type.
*
* The dynamic portion of the hook, `$meta_type`, refers to the meta
* object type (post or comment).
*
* @since 3.4.0
*
* @param int $meta_id ID of the metadata entry to delete.
*/
do_action( "delete_{$meta_type}meta", $meta_id );
}
// Run the query, will return true if deleted, false otherwise
$result = (bool) $wpdb->delete( $table, array( $id_column => $meta_id ) );
// Clear the caches.
wp_cache_delete( $object_id, $meta_type . '_meta' );
/** This action is documented in wp-includes/meta.php */
do_action( "deleted_{$meta_type}_meta", (array) $meta_id, $object_id, $meta->meta_key, $meta->meta_value );
// Old-style action.
if ( 'post' == $meta_type || 'comment' == $meta_type ) {
/**
* Fires immediately after deleting post or comment metadata of a specific type.
*
* The dynamic portion of the hook, `$meta_type`, refers to the meta
* object type (post or comment).
*
* @since 3.4.0
*
* @param int $meta_ids Deleted metadata entry ID.
*/
do_action( "deleted_{$meta_type}meta", $meta_id );
}
return $result;
}
// Meta id was not found.
return false;
}
/**
* Update the metadata cache for the specified objects.
*
* @since 2.9.0
*
* @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
*
* @param string $meta_type Type of object metadata is for (e.g., comment, post, term, or user).
* @param int|array $object_ids Array or comma delimited list of object IDs to update cache for
* @return array|false Metadata cache for the specified objects, or false on failure.
*/
function update_meta_cache( $meta_type, $object_ids ) {
global $wpdb;
if ( ! $meta_type || ! $object_ids ) {
return false;
}
$table = _get_meta_table( $meta_type );
if ( ! $table ) {
return false;
}
$column = sanitize_key( $meta_type . '_id' );
if ( ! is_array( $object_ids ) ) {
$object_ids = preg_replace( '|[^0-9,]|', '', $object_ids );
$object_ids = explode( ',', $object_ids );
}
$object_ids = array_map( 'intval', $object_ids );
$cache_key = $meta_type . '_meta';
$ids = array();
$cache = array();
foreach ( $object_ids as $id ) {
$cached_object = wp_cache_get( $id, $cache_key );
if ( false === $cached_object ) {
$ids[] = $id;
} else {
$cache[ $id ] = $cached_object;
}
}
if ( empty( $ids ) ) {
return $cache;
}
// Get meta info
$id_list = join( ',', $ids );
$id_column = 'user' == $meta_type ? 'umeta_id' : 'meta_id';
$meta_list = $wpdb->get_results( "SELECT $column, meta_key, meta_value FROM $table WHERE $column IN ($id_list) ORDER BY $id_column ASC", ARRAY_A );
if ( ! empty( $meta_list ) ) {
foreach ( $meta_list as $metarow ) {
$mpid = intval( $metarow[ $column ] );
$mkey = $metarow['meta_key'];
$mval = $metarow['meta_value'];
// Force subkeys to be array type:
if ( ! isset( $cache[ $mpid ] ) || ! is_array( $cache[ $mpid ] ) ) {
$cache[ $mpid ] = array();
}
if ( ! isset( $cache[ $mpid ][ $mkey ] ) || ! is_array( $cache[ $mpid ][ $mkey ] ) ) {
$cache[ $mpid ][ $mkey ] = array();
}
// Add a value to the current pid/key:
$cache[ $mpid ][ $mkey ][] = $mval;
}
}
foreach ( $ids as $id ) {
if ( ! isset( $cache[ $id ] ) ) {
$cache[ $id ] = array();
}
wp_cache_add( $id, $cache[ $id ], $cache_key );
}
return $cache;
}
/**
* Retrieves the queue for lazy-loading metadata.
*
* @since 4.5.0
*
* @return WP_Metadata_Lazyloader $lazyloader Metadata lazyloader queue.
*/
function wp_metadata_lazyloader() {
static $wp_metadata_lazyloader;
if ( null === $wp_metadata_lazyloader ) {
$wp_metadata_lazyloader = new WP_Metadata_Lazyloader();
}
return $wp_metadata_lazyloader;
}
/**
* Given a meta query, generates SQL clauses to be appended to a main query.
*
* @since 3.2.0
*
* @see WP_Meta_Query
*
* @param array $meta_query A meta query.
* @param string $type Type of meta.
* @param string $primary_table Primary database table name.
* @param string $primary_id_column Primary ID column name.
* @param object $context Optional. The main query object
* @return array Associative array of `JOIN` and `WHERE` SQL.
*/
function get_meta_sql( $meta_query, $type, $primary_table, $primary_id_column, $context = null ) {
$meta_query_obj = new WP_Meta_Query( $meta_query );
return $meta_query_obj->get_sql( $type, $primary_table, $primary_id_column, $context );
}
/**
* Retrieve the name of the metadata table for the specified object type.
*
* @since 2.9.0
*
* @global wpdb $wpdb WordPress database abstraction object.
*
* @param string $type Type of object to get metadata table for (e.g., comment, post, term, or user).
* @return string|false Metadata table name, or false if no metadata table exists
*/
function _get_meta_table( $type ) {
global $wpdb;
$table_name = $type . 'meta';
if ( empty( $wpdb->$table_name ) ) {
return false;
}
return $wpdb->$table_name;
}
/**
* Determines whether a meta key is considered protected.
*
* @since 3.1.3
*
* @param string $meta_key Meta key.
* @param string|null $meta_type Optional. Type of object metadata is for (e.g., comment, post, term, or user).
* @return bool Whether the meta key is considered protected.
*/
function is_protected_meta( $meta_key, $meta_type = null ) {
$protected = ( '_' == $meta_key[0] );
/**
* Filters whether a meta key is considered protected.
*
* @since 3.2.0
*
* @param bool $protected Whether the key is considered protected.
* @param string $meta_key Meta key.
* @param string|null $meta_type Type of object metadata is for (e.g., comment, post, term, or user).
*/
return apply_filters( 'is_protected_meta', $protected, $meta_key, $meta_type );
}
/**
* Sanitize meta value.
*
* @since 3.1.3
* @since 4.9.8 The `$object_subtype` parameter was added.
*
* @param string $meta_key Meta key.
* @param mixed $meta_value Meta value to sanitize.
* @param string $object_type Type of object the meta is registered to.
* @param string $object_subtype Optional. The subtype of the object type.
*
* @return mixed Sanitized $meta_value.
*/
function sanitize_meta( $meta_key, $meta_value, $object_type, $object_subtype = '' ) {
if ( ! empty( $object_subtype ) && has_filter( "sanitize_{$object_type}_meta_{$meta_key}_for_{$object_subtype}" ) ) {
/**
* Filters the sanitization of a specific meta key of a specific meta type and subtype.
*
* The dynamic portions of the hook name, `$object_type`, `$meta_key`,
* and `$object_subtype`, refer to the metadata object type (comment, post, term, or user),
* the meta key value, and the object subtype respectively.
*
* @since 4.9.8
*
* @param mixed $meta_value Meta value to sanitize.
* @param string $meta_key Meta key.
* @param string $object_type Object type.
* @param string $object_subtype Object subtype.
*/
return apply_filters( "sanitize_{$object_type}_meta_{$meta_key}_for_{$object_subtype}", $meta_value, $meta_key, $object_type, $object_subtype );
}
/**
* Filters the sanitization of a specific meta key of a specific meta type.
*
* The dynamic portions of the hook name, `$meta_type`, and `$meta_key`,
* refer to the metadata object type (comment, post, term, or user) and the meta
* key value, respectively.
*
* @since 3.3.0
*
* @param mixed $meta_value Meta value to sanitize.
* @param string $meta_key Meta key.
* @param string $object_type Object type.
*/
return apply_filters( "sanitize_{$object_type}_meta_{$meta_key}", $meta_value, $meta_key, $object_type );
}
/**
* Registers a meta key.
*
* It is recommended to register meta keys for a specific combination of object type and object subtype. If passing
* an object subtype is omitted, the meta key will be registered for the entire object type, however it can be partly
* overridden in case a more specific meta key of the same name exists for the same object type and a subtype.
*
* If an object type does not support any subtypes, such as users or comments, you should commonly call this function
* without passing a subtype.
*
* @since 3.3.0
* @since 4.6.0 {@link https://core.trac.wordpress.org/ticket/35658 Modified
* to support an array of data to attach to registered meta keys}. Previous arguments for
* `$sanitize_callback` and `$auth_callback` have been folded into this array.
* @since 4.9.8 The `$object_subtype` argument was added to the arguments array.
*
* @param string $object_type Type of object this meta is registered to.
* @param string $meta_key Meta key to register.
* @param array $args {
* Data used to describe the meta key when registered.
*
* @type string $object_subtype A subtype; e.g. if the object type is "post", the post type. If left empty,
* the meta key will be registered on the entire object type. Default empty.
* @type string $type The type of data associated with this meta key.
* Valid values are 'string', 'boolean', 'integer', and 'number'.
* @type string $description A description of the data attached to this meta key.
* @type bool $single Whether the meta key has one value per object, or an array of values per object.
* @type string $sanitize_callback A function or method to call when sanitizing `$meta_key` data.
* @type string $auth_callback Optional. A function or method to call when performing edit_post_meta, add_post_meta, and delete_post_meta capability checks.
* @type bool $show_in_rest Whether data associated with this meta key can be considered public.
* }
* @param string|array $deprecated Deprecated. Use `$args` instead.
*
* @return bool True if the meta key was successfully registered in the global array, false if not.
* Registering a meta key with distinct sanitize and auth callbacks will fire those
* callbacks, but will not add to the global registry.
*/
function register_meta( $object_type, $meta_key, $args, $deprecated = null ) {
global $wp_meta_keys;
if ( ! is_array( $wp_meta_keys ) ) {
$wp_meta_keys = array();
}
$defaults = array(
'object_subtype' => '',
'type' => 'string',
'description' => '',
'single' => false,
'sanitize_callback' => null,
'auth_callback' => null,
'show_in_rest' => false,
);
// There used to be individual args for sanitize and auth callbacks
$has_old_sanitize_cb = false;
$has_old_auth_cb = false;
if ( is_callable( $args ) ) {
$args = array(
'sanitize_callback' => $args,
);
$has_old_sanitize_cb = true;
} else {
$args = (array) $args;
}
if ( is_callable( $deprecated ) ) {
$args['auth_callback'] = $deprecated;
$has_old_auth_cb = true;
}
/**
* Filters the registration arguments when registering meta.
*
* @since 4.6.0
*
* @param array $args Array of meta registration arguments.
* @param array $defaults Array of default arguments.
* @param string $object_type Object type.
* @param string $meta_key Meta key.
*/
$args = apply_filters( 'register_meta_args', $args, $defaults, $object_type, $meta_key );
$args = wp_parse_args( $args, $defaults );
$object_subtype = ! empty( $args['object_subtype'] ) ? $args['object_subtype'] : '';
// If `auth_callback` is not provided, fall back to `is_protected_meta()`.
if ( empty( $args['auth_callback'] ) ) {
if ( is_protected_meta( $meta_key, $object_type ) ) {
$args['auth_callback'] = '__return_false';
} else {
$args['auth_callback'] = '__return_true';
}
}
// Back-compat: old sanitize and auth callbacks are applied to all of an object type.
if ( is_callable( $args['sanitize_callback'] ) ) {
if ( ! empty( $object_subtype ) ) {
add_filter( "sanitize_{$object_type}_meta_{$meta_key}_for_{$object_subtype}", $args['sanitize_callback'], 10, 4 );
} else {
add_filter( "sanitize_{$object_type}_meta_{$meta_key}", $args['sanitize_callback'], 10, 3 );
}
}
if ( is_callable( $args['auth_callback'] ) ) {
if ( ! empty( $object_subtype ) ) {
add_filter( "auth_{$object_type}_meta_{$meta_key}_for_{$object_subtype}", $args['auth_callback'], 10, 6 );
} else {
add_filter( "auth_{$object_type}_meta_{$meta_key}", $args['auth_callback'], 10, 6 );
}
}
// Global registry only contains meta keys registered with the array of arguments added in 4.6.0.
if ( ! $has_old_auth_cb && ! $has_old_sanitize_cb ) {
unset( $args['object_subtype'] );
$wp_meta_keys[ $object_type ][ $object_subtype ][ $meta_key ] = $args;
return true;
}
return false;
}
/**
* Checks if a meta key is registered.
*
* @since 4.6.0
* @since 4.9.8 The `$object_subtype` parameter was added.
*
* @param string $object_type The type of object.
* @param string $meta_key The meta key.
* @param string $object_subtype Optional. The subtype of the object type.
*
* @return bool True if the meta key is registered to the object type and, if provided,
* the object subtype. False if not.
*/
function registered_meta_key_exists( $object_type, $meta_key, $object_subtype = '' ) {
$meta_keys = get_registered_meta_keys( $object_type, $object_subtype );
return isset( $meta_keys[ $meta_key ] );
}
/**
* Unregisters a meta key from the list of registered keys.
*
* @since 4.6.0
* @since 4.9.8 The `$object_subtype` parameter was added.
*
* @param string $object_type The type of object.
* @param string $meta_key The meta key.
* @param string $object_subtype Optional. The subtype of the object type.
* @return bool True if successful. False if the meta key was not registered.
*/
function unregister_meta_key( $object_type, $meta_key, $object_subtype = '' ) {
global $wp_meta_keys;
if ( ! registered_meta_key_exists( $object_type, $meta_key, $object_subtype ) ) {
return false;
}
$args = $wp_meta_keys[ $object_type ][ $object_subtype ][ $meta_key ];
if ( isset( $args['sanitize_callback'] ) && is_callable( $args['sanitize_callback'] ) ) {
if ( ! empty( $object_subtype ) ) {
remove_filter( "sanitize_{$object_type}_meta_{$meta_key}_for_{$object_subtype}", $args['sanitize_callback'] );
} else {
remove_filter( "sanitize_{$object_type}_meta_{$meta_key}", $args['sanitize_callback'] );
}
}
if ( isset( $args['auth_callback'] ) && is_callable( $args['auth_callback'] ) ) {
if ( ! empty( $object_subtype ) ) {
remove_filter( "auth_{$object_type}_meta_{$meta_key}_for_{$object_subtype}", $args['auth_callback'] );
} else {
remove_filter( "auth_{$object_type}_meta_{$meta_key}", $args['auth_callback'] );
}
}
unset( $wp_meta_keys[ $object_type ][ $object_subtype ][ $meta_key ] );
// Do some clean up
if ( empty( $wp_meta_keys[ $object_type ][ $object_subtype ] ) ) {
unset( $wp_meta_keys[ $object_type ][ $object_subtype ] );
}
if ( empty( $wp_meta_keys[ $object_type ] ) ) {
unset( $wp_meta_keys[ $object_type ] );
}
return true;
}
/**
* Retrieves a list of registered meta keys for an object type.
*
* @since 4.6.0
* @since 4.9.8 The `$object_subtype` parameter was added.
*
* @param string $object_type The type of object. Post, comment, user, term.
* @param string $object_subtype Optional. The subtype of the object type.
* @return array List of registered meta keys.
*/
function get_registered_meta_keys( $object_type, $object_subtype = '' ) {
global $wp_meta_keys;
if ( ! is_array( $wp_meta_keys ) || ! isset( $wp_meta_keys[ $object_type ] ) || ! isset( $wp_meta_keys[ $object_type ][ $object_subtype ] ) ) {
return array();
}
return $wp_meta_keys[ $object_type ][ $object_subtype ];
}
/**
* Retrieves registered metadata for a specified object.
*
* The results include both meta that is registered specifically for the
* object's subtype and meta that is registered for the entire object type.
*
* @since 4.6.0
*
* @param string $object_type Type of object to request metadata for. (e.g. comment, post, term, user)
* @param int $object_id ID of the object the metadata is for.
* @param string $meta_key Optional. Registered metadata key. If not specified, retrieve all registered
* metadata for the specified object.
* @return mixed A single value or array of values for a key if specified. An array of all registered keys
* and values for an object ID if not. False if a given $meta_key is not registered.
*/
function get_registered_metadata( $object_type, $object_id, $meta_key = '' ) {
$object_subtype = get_object_subtype( $object_type, $object_id );
if ( ! empty( $meta_key ) ) {
if ( ! empty( $object_subtype ) && ! registered_meta_key_exists( $object_type, $meta_key, $object_subtype ) ) {
$object_subtype = '';
}
if ( ! registered_meta_key_exists( $object_type, $meta_key, $object_subtype ) ) {
return false;
}
$meta_keys = get_registered_meta_keys( $object_type, $object_subtype );
$meta_key_data = $meta_keys[ $meta_key ];
$data = get_metadata( $object_type, $object_id, $meta_key, $meta_key_data['single'] );
return $data;
}
$data = get_metadata( $object_type, $object_id );
if ( ! $data ) {
return array();
}
$meta_keys = get_registered_meta_keys( $object_type );
if ( ! empty( $object_subtype ) ) {
$meta_keys = array_merge( $meta_keys, get_registered_meta_keys( $object_type, $object_subtype ) );
}
return array_intersect_key( $data, $meta_keys );
}
/**
* Filter out `register_meta()` args based on a whitelist.
* `register_meta()` args may change over time, so requiring the whitelist
* to be explicitly turned off is a warranty seal of sorts.
*
* @access private
* @since 4.6.0
*
* @param array $args Arguments from `register_meta()`.
* @param array $default_args Default arguments for `register_meta()`.
*
* @return array Filtered arguments.
*/
function _wp_register_meta_args_whitelist( $args, $default_args ) {
return array_intersect_key( $args, $default_args );
}
/**
* Returns the object subtype for a given object ID of a specific type.
*
* @since 4.9.8
*
* @param string $object_type Type of object to request metadata for. (e.g. comment, post, term, user)
* @param int $object_id ID of the object to retrieve its subtype.
* @return string The object subtype or an empty string if unspecified subtype.
*/
function get_object_subtype( $object_type, $object_id ) {
$object_id = (int) $object_id;
$object_subtype = '';
switch ( $object_type ) {
case 'post':
$post_type = get_post_type( $object_id );
if ( ! empty( $post_type ) ) {
$object_subtype = $post_type;
}
break;
case 'term':
$term = get_term( $object_id );
if ( ! $term instanceof WP_Term ) {
break;
}
$object_subtype = $term->taxonomy;
break;
case 'comment':
$comment = get_comment( $object_id );
if ( ! $comment ) {
break;
}
$object_subtype = 'comment';
break;
case 'user':
$user = get_user_by( 'id', $object_id );
if ( ! $user ) {
break;
}
$object_subtype = 'user';
break;
}
/**
* Filters the object subtype identifier for a non standard object type.
*
* The dynamic portion of the hook, `$object_type`, refers to the object
* type (post, comment, term, or user).
*
* @since 4.9.8
*
* @param string $object_subtype Empty string to override.
* @param int $object_id ID of the object to get the subtype for.
*/
return apply_filters( "get_object_subtype_{$object_type}", $object_subtype, $object_id );
}