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README.md

README.md

LemonLDAP::NG Workshop

Workshop on LemonLDAP::NG for LDAPCon 2019.

LL::NG logo

Goals:

  • Install LemonLDAP::NG
  • Configure authentication to OpenLDAP
  • Protect sample applications with Handler
  • Enable 2FA

Prerequisites:

  • Virtualization system (like VirtualBox)
  • Internet access from your Virtual Machine (for packages installation)
  • Mobile phone with TOTP application (for example FreeOTP+)

Virtual image and first checks

Download the virtual image from Worteks CDN and import it.

After starting the image, you should be able to log in on graphcal inteface with: 👤 worteks 🔑 password

❗️ the keyboard layout is in english by default, so try pqsszord if you are login with another layout. Once logged into graphical session, you can change the keyboard layout from task bar.

And then open a console (ALT+F2 konsole)

su -

The root password is 🔑 password

ℹ️ For practical reasons we will use a browser on local machine to access applications. If you can access your Virtual Machine from your host, you will also be able to use your own browser. In this case, edit your /etc/hosts file to map URLs to the IP of your Virtual Machine.

❗️ All commands in this documentation must be run as root in the console.

LDAP server

OpenLDAP LTB server is already installed, you can check the service status:

systemctl status slapd

Access to configuration:

ldapvi -Y EXTERNAL -h ldapi:/// -b cn=config

Access to data:

ldapvi -Y EXTERNAL -h ldapi:/// -b dc=worteks,dc=com

Some specific commands are available with slapd CLI script provided by LTB packages.

Extended status:

slapd-cli status

Data and configuration backup:

chown -R ldap:ldap /var/backups/openldap
slapd-cli backup
slapd-cli backupconfig

Restore commands will use the most recent backup files:

slapd-cli restore
slapd-cli restoreconfig

ℹ️ More information on https://ltb-project.org/documentation/openldap-initscript

LDAP browser

Fusion Directory is already installed, you can access it on http://localhost/fusiondirectory/

You should see the following screen:

FD login

Log in with: 👤 fd-admin 🔑 password

You should see the following screen:

FD home

❗️ Now you are on your own. Follow the following steps and try to achieve all points!

LemonLDAP::NG installation

ℹ️ See also official documentation.

Use official repository:

vi /etc/apt/sources.list.d/lemonldap-ng.list
# LemonLDAP::NG repository
deb     https://lemonldap-ng.org/deb 2.0 main
deb-src https://lemonldap-ng.org/deb 2.0 main

Get GPG key:

wget -O - https://lemonldap-ng.org/_media/rpm-gpg-key-ow2 | apt-key add -

Update:

apt update

Install main package with Apache mod_perl:

apt install libapache2-mod-perl2 lemonldap-ng

ℹ️ LemonLDAP::NG is of course also compatible with Nginx, but this workshop is designed to run with Apache.

Install Apache FCGID module:

apt install libapache2-mod-fcgid

Enable modules and configurations:

a2ensite manager-apache2.conf
a2ensite portal-apache2.conf
a2ensite handler-apache2.conf
a2enmod fcgid perl alias rewrite headers

Configure LL::NG to check configuration every second (avoid to force a restart at each configuration modification):

sed -i 's/;checkTime =.*/checkTime = 1/' /etc/lemonldap-ng/lemonldap-ng.ini

Test configuration:

apachectl configtest

Restart Apache:

systemctl restart apache2

ℹ️ We use the default domain example.com. LemonLDAP::NG can be of course configured on other domain, but this beyond the scope of this workshop.

First access

Configure your local DNS or edit your local /etc/hosts (on your host, not on the virtual machine) with:

127.0.0.1	auth.example.com manager.example.com test1.example.com test2.example.com

Then open the web browser and go to http://auth.example.com

You should see the following screen:

LLNG login

Log in with: 👤 dwho 🔑 dwho

You should see the following screen:

LLNG menu

Click on WebSSO Manager to access the administration interface, or use http://manager.example.com

You should see the following screen:

LLNG manager

ℹ️ Further configuration steps could be done with this graphical interface, but in this workshop we will use the Command Line Interface:

/usr/share/lemonldap-ng/bin/lemonldap-ng-cli help

Access to sample application

LemonLDAP::NG provides a sample application that reads HTTP headers. To enable it:

a2ensite test-apache2.conf
systemctl reload apache2

You can see that this is a standard Apache virtual host, the only added line it the call the LL::NG Handler:

vi /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/test-apache2.conf
    # SSO protection
    PerlHeaderParserHandler Lemonldap::NG::Handler::ApacheMP2

Access to the sample application: http://test1.example.com

You should see the following element in the screen:

LLNG sample

You are authenticated! If you logout from the WebSSO (http://auth.example.com/logout), and try to access to the sample application, you will be forced to log in.

LDAP configuration

The WebSSO is currently in demo mode, with built-in accounts (do you like Doctor Who?). Now we will configure LemonLDAP::NG to use the local LDAP directory.

Use the command line to set LDAP parameters:

/usr/share/lemonldap-ng/bin/lemonldap-ng-cli -yes 1 \
    set \
        authentication LDAP \
        userDB LDAP \
        passwordDB LDAP \
        registerDB LDAP \
        ldapServer 'ldap://localhost' \
        managerDn 'cn=websso,ou=dsa,dc=worteks,dc=com' \
        managerPassword 'WebSSOPassword' \
        ldapBase 'ou=users,dc=worteks,dc=com' \
        ldapPpolicyControl 1
/usr/share/lemonldap-ng/bin/lemonldap-ng-cli -yes 1 \
    addKey \
        ldapExportedVars uid uid \
        ldapExportedVars cn cn \
        ldapExportedVars sn sn \
        ldapExportedVars mail mail \
        ldapExportedVars givenName givenName

Now you can connect to SSO portal with the LDAP user: 👤 fd-admin 🔑 password

As you can see, access to Manager is not granted anymore. Indeed, this access was configured for user dwho and you are not this one anymore!

To restore access to Manager, two options:

  1. Remove Manager protection in /etc/lemonldap-ng/lemonldap-ng.ini (search [manager] section and protection parameter)
  2. Modify access rules

For the second solution, first remove unused rules:

/usr/share/lemonldap-ng/bin/lemonldap-ng-cli -yes 1 \
    delKey \
        locationRules/manager.example.com '(?#Configuration)^/(.*?\.(fcgi|psgi)/)?(manager\.html|confs/|$)' \
        locationRules/manager.example.com '(?#Sessions)/(.*?\.(fcgi|psgi)/)?sessions' \
        locationRules/manager.example.com '(?#Notifications)/(.*?\.(fcgi|psgi)/)?notifications'

Then change default rule:

/usr/share/lemonldap-ng/bin/lemonldap-ng-cli -yes 1 \
    addKey \
        locationRules/manager.example.com default '$uid =~ /^fd-admin$/'

Now the user fd-admin can access the Manager.

Configure Fusion Directory in WebSSO

Fusion Directory is a web application compatible with several SSO methods:

  • HTTP headers
  • CAS

We will use the first method, which is how LemonLDAP::NG works by default.

ℹ️ LemonLDAP::NG can also be configured as Identity Provider for CAS, SAML and OpenID Connect!

Apache virtual host

The first step is to create an Apache virtual host for Fusion Directory:

vi /etc/apache2/sites-available/fd.conf
<VirtualHost "*:80">
    ServerName fd.example.com

    # SSO protection
    PerlHeaderParserHandler Lemonldap::NG::Handler::ApacheMP2

    # DocumentRoot
    DocumentRoot /usr/share/fusiondirectory/html
</VirtualHost>

Enable this virtual host:

a2ensite fd
systemctl reload apache2

Configure your local DNS or edit your local /etc/hosts (on your host, not on the virtual machine) with:

127.0.0.1	fd.example.com

Define virtual host in LL::NG

If you try to access http://fd.example.com, you will be rejected. This is because the virtual host is not yet defined in LL::NG.

To do it:

/usr/share/lemonldap-ng/bin/lemonldap-ng-cli -yes 1 \
    addKey \
        'locationRules/fd.example.com' 'default' 'accept' \
        'locationRules/fd.example.com' '(?#Logout)^/index\.php\?signout=1' 'logout_sso' \
        'exportedHeaders/fd.example.com' 'Auth-User' '$uid'

You can see in the command that we create a default rule to allow every authenticated user (accept) and we also provide a rule to catch the logout URL and disconnect users from the WebSSO (logout_sso). The last line set the exported header (Auth-User) and which session value will be set in ($uid).

Configure Fusion Directory

Go to Fusion Directory with the new URL. You still need to authenticate as the application is not yet configured to trust the WebSSO.

Go in Configuration menu, click on Edit button (bottom right). Then in Login and Session check HTTP Header authentication box and keep the value of Header name (AUTH_USER).

Click on Sign out: you are disconnected from the WebSSO. Now go on http://fd.example.com again, you should be redirected to WebSSO login form. Authenticate, and then you are redirected back to the application, and you are already authenticated!

Disable direct access

Now that you set a trust between Fusion Directory and LemonLDAP::NG, you must ensure that nobody can access the application outside the WebSSO. It is indeed very easy to forge an HTTP header, so an attacker could connect to the application with any account.

Disable direct access configuration:

a2disconf fusiondirectory
systemctl reload apache2

Add application in menu

This step is not mandatory, but will allow to see the application inside the menu.

First, check which categories are defined:

/usr/share/lemonldap-ng/bin/lemonldap-ng-cli get applicationList
applicationList has the following keys:
   1sample
   2administration
   3documentation

We will create the application in the 1sample category:

/usr/share/lemonldap-ng/bin/lemonldap-ng-cli -yes 1 \
    addKey \
        applicationList/1sample/fd type application \
        applicationList/1sample/fd/options description "LDAP administration" \
        applicationList/1sample/fd/options display "auto" \
        applicationList/1sample/fd/options logo "tux.png" \
        applicationList/1sample/fd/options name "Fusion Directory" \
        applicationList/1sample/fd/options uri "http://fd.example.com/"

No the application should appear in the menu.

New account

We can now create a new account. With Fusion Directory, fo in Users, then Actions > Create > User.

Fill the information, at least first name, last name, login and password:

FD new user

Save and log out. You should now be able to log with this account. It has the default rights: no access to WebSSO Manager but access to other applications.

Second Factor Authentication (2FA)

ℹ️ See also official documentation.

For the workshop, we will set up a TOTP second factor. You will need a mobile phone with a TOTP application, like FreeOTP+.

First, install required dependencies:

apt install libdigest-hmac-perl

Here are the configuration settings we will use:

  • Self registration: enabled (users can register their 2FA)
  • Authentication level: 5 (at least higher than the LDAP authentication level)
  • Issuer: Workshop LemonLDAPNG (or any name that you want to be displayed on user application)
  • Interval: 30 (this is the default)
  • Range: 1 (this is the default)
  • Digits: 6 (this is the default)
  • Display existing secret: enabled (users can see their own 2FA)
  • Change existing secret: enabled (users can change their 2FA)
  • Delete TOTP: enabled (users can remove their 2FA)
  • Lifetime: unlimited

Apply these settings:

/usr/share/lemonldap-ng/bin/lemonldap-ng-cli -yes 1 \
    set \
        totp2fActivation 1 \
        totp2fSelfRegistration 1 \
        totp2fAuthnLevel 5 \
        totp2fIssuer "Workshop LemonLDAPNG" \
        totp2fInterval 30 \
        totp2fRange 1 \
        totp2fDigits 6 \
        totp2fDisplayExistingSecret 1 \
        totp2fUserCanChangeKey 1 \
        totp2fUserCanRemoveKey 1 \
        totp2fTTL 0

Now connect with your account on WebSSO portal and go to 2ndFA Manager:

LLNG 2FA

Choose your second factor (only TOTP should be available):

LLNG 2FA

Now take your phone, open your OTP application and scan the QR-code. You can now generate an OTP from your application. Enter this OTP on WebSSO page to regsiter your device:

LLNG 2FA

Go back to portal and log out. Then log in again with your account, the second factor is required:

LLNG 2FA

Enter the code and submit, you should now be authenticated!

ℹ️ If you connect with fd-admin account again, you can access to Manager and click an Second Factor tab. You should see a session for the user. As administrator, you can reset the 2FA so the user will be able to connect without it and register a new one.

Use authentication level to protect an application

You can create a new user in LDAP and connect with him, but without registering a 2FA. He will have the default authentication level.

To request at least level 4 for application "test2.example.com", do the following:

/usr/share/lemonldap-ng/bin/lemonldap-ng-cli -yes 1 \
    addKey \
        locationRules/test2.example.com default '$authenticationLevel >= 4'

Now connect with the user without 2FA: application test2 is not authorized. If you connect with the user having 2FA, the application is authorized.

Dokuwiki

To go further, we can apply what we learn to install Dokuwik and integrate it in LemonLDAP::NG.

First install it:

apt install dokuwiki

You can access the application on http://localhost/dokuwiki/ and log in with the admin password you registered during installation process.

To allow configuration trough Dokuwiki interface, we will adapt some rights on file system. This is not mandatory if you prefer ton configure Dokuwiki only from the console.

chown -R www-data:www-data /etc/dokuwiki
chown -R www-data:www-data /var/lib/dokuwiki/lib/plugins

We will apply the same steps with Dokuwiki than the ones used to configure SSO on Fusion Directory.

First create the virtual host:

vi /etc/apache2/sites-available/dokuwiki.conf
<VirtualHost "*:80">
    ServerName dokuwiki.example.com

    # SSO protection
    PerlHeaderParserHandler Lemonldap::NG::Handler::ApacheMP2

    # DocumentRoot
    DocumentRoot /usr/share/dokuwiki

    <Directory /usr/share/dokuwiki/bin>
        Require all denied
    </Directory>

    <Directory /var/lib/dokuwiki/data>
        Require all denied
    </Directory>

</VirtualHost>

Enable this virtual host:

a2ensite dokuwiki
systemctl reload apache2

Configure your local DNS or edit your local /etc/hosts (on your host, not on the virtual machine) with:

127.0.0.1	dokuwiki.example.com

Declare the application in LemonLDAP::NG:

/usr/share/lemonldap-ng/bin/lemonldap-ng-cli -yes 1 \
    addKey \
        'locationRules/dokuwiki.example.com' 'default' 'accept' \
        'exportedHeaders/dokuwiki.example.com' 'Auth-User' '$uid' \
        'exportedHeaders/dokuwiki.example.com' 'Auth-Cn'   '$cn' \
        'exportedHeaders/dokuwiki.example.com' 'Auth-Mail' '$mail'

From Dokuwiki interface, connected as admin, go in administration menu:

  • In extension manager, search for lemonldap and install the plugin
  • In configuration settings, change the authentication backend to lemonldap

You will then be logged out by dokuwiki. Log in now on http://dokuwiki.example.com with your standard user, you should be logged in with your identifier and name.

You can now disable old apache configuration:

a2disconf dokuwiki
systemctl reload apache2

ℹ️ See also official documentation.

To go further

You now have a working SSO system with several applications configured. LemonLDAP::NG has a lot of features than you can test, for example:

  • LDAP password policy
  • LDAP group recursive search
  • CAS, SAML, OpenID Connect provider
  • Complex access rules based on LDAP attributes, groups and environment variables

Browse the online configuration to know more!

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