A full PHP MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite database layer in only 1024 bytes!
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DByte
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readme.md

DByte

A 1kB PHP database layer for SQLite, PostgreSQL, and MySQL

DByte is built ontop of PDO to provide a level of query abstraction missing from the default PDO object. DByte uses 100% prepared statements.

Many database layers seem to exclude some of the most basic retrieval methods. Often databases just default to using fetchAll for everything and then extract the single row, column, array, or object they need.

However, when you query a database you generally want a certain type of result back.

I want a single column

$count = DB::column('SELECT COUNT(*) FROM `user`);

I want an array(key => value) results (i.e. for making a selectbox)

$pairs = DB::pairs('SELECT `id`, `username` FROM `user`);

I want a single row result

$user = DB::row('SELECT * FROM `user` WHERE `id` = ?', array($user_id));

I want an array of results (even an empty array!)

$banned_users = DB::fetch('SELECT * FROM `user` WHERE `banned` = ?, array(TRUE));

I want to insert a new record

DB::insert('user', $array);

I want to update a record

DB::update('user', $array, $user_id);

I want to delete a record

DB::query('DELETE FROM `user` WHERE `id` = ?', array($user_id));

Notes / Advanced Usage

In order to work across all databases it's recommended that you use the tilde (`) character in all your queries to quote column/table names. This character will be replaced in your query with the correct quoted identifier at run time.

DO NOT USE THE DB.min.php FILE! It is only included to show that the file actually is 1024 characters. Unlike Javascript, you gain no performance by using it!

Composer Install

The easiest way to install DByte is to use composer.

curl -s http://getcomposer.org/installer | php

Then create a composer.json file in your root directory and include this inside it.

{
	"require": {
		"xeoncross/dbyte" : "dev-master"
	}
}

With composer installed (and your composer.json file created) you can then run composer to install DByte into a "vendors" folder..

php composer.phar install

which you can include in your PHP scripts...

require 'vendor/autoload.php';

Simple Install

Or you can just download the file and then include it in your scripts.

require('DByte\DB.php');

Setup

To begin using the DB object you need to assign a PDO connection object.

// Create a new PDO connection to MySQL
$pdo = new PDO(
	'mysql:dbname=yourdatabase;host=localhost',
	'root',
	'',
	array(
		PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_INIT_COMMAND => "SET NAMES utf8",
		PDO::ATTR_DEFAULT_FETCH_MODE => PDO::FETCH_OBJ,
		PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE => PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION
	)
);

use \DByte\DB; // or class_alias('\DByte\DB', 'DB');
DB::$c = $pdo;

If you are using SQLite or PostgreSQL instead of MySQL you will need to change the quoted identifier to the correct character (instead of the MySQL tilde `).

DB::$i = '"';

If you are using PostgreSQL you will also need to set the PostgreSQL marker.

DB::$p = TRUE;

Multiple Database Connections

Using late-static-binding (PHP 5.3+) it's easy - just extend the DB class!

Class DB2 extends \DByte\DB {}

DB::$c = new PDO(...);
DB2::$c = new PDO(...);

$db_one_user_count = DB::column('SELECT COUNT(*) FROM `user`);
$db_two_user_count = DB2::column('SELECT COUNT(*) FROM `user`);

How can I see what queries have run?

print_r(DB::$q);