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ext4: add new online resize interface

This patch adds new online resize interface, whose input argument is a
64-bit integer indicating how many blocks there are in the resized fs.

In new resize impelmentation, all work like allocating group tables are done
by kernel side, so the new resize interface can support flex_bg feature and
prepares ground for suppoting resize with features like bigalloc and exclude
bitmap. Besides these, user-space tools just passes in the new number of blocks.

We delay initializing the bitmaps and inode tables of added groups if possible
and add multi groups (a flex groups) each time, so new resize is very fast like
mkfs.

Signed-off-by: Yongqiang Yang <xiaoqiangnk@gmail.com>
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commit df824f1cc33268bd15f24bbdcab3ea5038d8b050 1 parent 611fae2
@YANGYongqiang authored
View
7 Documentation/filesystems/ext4.txt
@@ -599,6 +599,13 @@ Table of Ext4 specific ioctls
behaviour may change in the future as it is
not necessary and has been done this way only
for sake of simplicity.
+
+ EXT4_IOC_RESIZE_FS Resize the filesystem to a new size. The number
+ of blocks of resized filesystem is passed in via
+ 64 bit integer argument. The kernel allocates
+ bitmaps and inode table, the userspace tool thus
+ just passes the new number of blocks.
+
..............................................................................
References
View
2  fs/ext4/ext4.h
@@ -557,6 +557,7 @@ enum {
/* note ioctl 11 reserved for filesystem-independent FIEMAP ioctl */
#define EXT4_IOC_ALLOC_DA_BLKS _IO('f', 12)
#define EXT4_IOC_MOVE_EXT _IOWR('f', 15, struct move_extent)
+#define EXT4_IOC_RESIZE_FS _IOW('f', 16, __u64)
#if defined(__KERNEL__) && defined(CONFIG_COMPAT)
/*
@@ -1879,6 +1880,7 @@ extern int ext4_group_add(struct super_block *sb,
extern int ext4_group_extend(struct super_block *sb,
struct ext4_super_block *es,
ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count);
+extern int ext4_resize_fs(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count);
/* super.c */
extern void __ext4_error(struct super_block *, const char *, unsigned int,
View
31 fs/ext4/ioctl.c
@@ -335,6 +335,37 @@ long ext4_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
return err;
}
+ case EXT4_IOC_RESIZE_FS: {
+ ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count;
+ struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
+ int err = 0, err2 = 0;
+
+ err = ext4_resize_begin(sb);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ if (copy_from_user(&n_blocks_count, (__u64 __user *)arg,
+ sizeof(__u64)))
+ return -EFAULT;
+
+ err = mnt_want_write(filp->f_path.mnt);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ err = ext4_resize_fs(sb, n_blocks_count);
+ if (EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal) {
+ jbd2_journal_lock_updates(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal);
+ err2 = jbd2_journal_flush(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal);
+ jbd2_journal_unlock_updates(EXT4_SB(sb)->s_journal);
+ }
+ if (err == 0)
+ err = err2;
+ mnt_drop_write(filp->f_path.mnt);
+ ext4_resize_end(sb);
+
+ return err;
+ }
+
case FITRIM:
{
struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
View
171 fs/ext4/resize.c
@@ -1864,3 +1864,174 @@ static int ext4_flex_group_add(struct super_block *sb,
exit:
return err;
}
+
+static int ext4_setup_next_flex_gd(struct super_block *sb,
+ struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd,
+ ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count,
+ unsigned long flexbg_size)
+{
+ struct ext4_super_block *es = EXT4_SB(sb)->s_es;
+ struct ext4_new_group_data *group_data = flex_gd->groups;
+ ext4_fsblk_t o_blocks_count;
+ ext4_group_t n_group;
+ ext4_group_t group;
+ ext4_group_t last_group;
+ ext4_grpblk_t last;
+ ext4_grpblk_t blocks_per_group;
+ unsigned long i;
+
+ blocks_per_group = EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb);
+
+ o_blocks_count = ext4_blocks_count(es);
+
+ if (o_blocks_count == n_blocks_count)
+ return 0;
+
+ ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, o_blocks_count, &group, &last);
+ BUG_ON(last);
+ ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, n_blocks_count - 1, &n_group, &last);
+
+ last_group = group | (flexbg_size - 1);
+ if (last_group > n_group)
+ last_group = n_group;
+
+ flex_gd->count = last_group - group + 1;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < flex_gd->count; i++) {
+ int overhead;
+
+ group_data[i].group = group + i;
+ group_data[i].blocks_count = blocks_per_group;
+ overhead = ext4_bg_has_super(sb, group + i) ?
+ (1 + ext4_bg_num_gdb(sb, group + i) +
+ le16_to_cpu(es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks)) : 0;
+ group_data[i].free_blocks_count = blocks_per_group - overhead;
+ if (EXT4_HAS_RO_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb,
+ EXT4_FEATURE_RO_COMPAT_GDT_CSUM))
+ flex_gd->bg_flags[i] = EXT4_BG_BLOCK_UNINIT |
+ EXT4_BG_INODE_UNINIT;
+ else
+ flex_gd->bg_flags[i] = EXT4_BG_INODE_ZEROED;
+ }
+
+ if ((last_group == n_group) && (last != blocks_per_group - 1)) {
+ group_data[i - 1].blocks_count = last + 1;
+ group_data[i - 1].free_blocks_count -= blocks_per_group-
+ last - 1;
+ }
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
+ * ext4_resize_fs() resizes a fs to new size specified by @n_blocks_count
+ *
+ * @sb: super block of the fs to be resized
+ * @n_blocks_count: the number of blocks resides in the resized fs
+ */
+int ext4_resize_fs(struct super_block *sb, ext4_fsblk_t n_blocks_count)
+{
+ struct ext4_new_flex_group_data *flex_gd = NULL;
+ struct ext4_sb_info *sbi = EXT4_SB(sb);
+ struct ext4_super_block *es = sbi->s_es;
+ struct buffer_head *bh;
+ struct inode *resize_inode;
+ ext4_fsblk_t o_blocks_count;
+ ext4_group_t o_group;
+ ext4_group_t n_group;
+ ext4_grpblk_t offset;
+ unsigned long n_desc_blocks;
+ unsigned long o_desc_blocks;
+ unsigned long desc_blocks;
+ int err = 0, flexbg_size = 1;
+
+ o_blocks_count = ext4_blocks_count(es);
+
+ if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG))
+ printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs: resizing filesystem from %llu "
+ "upto %llu blocks\n", o_blocks_count, n_blocks_count);
+
+ if (n_blocks_count < o_blocks_count) {
+ /* On-line shrinking not supported */
+ ext4_warning(sb, "can't shrink FS - resize aborted");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ if (n_blocks_count == o_blocks_count)
+ /* Nothing need to do */
+ return 0;
+
+ ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, n_blocks_count - 1, &n_group, &offset);
+ ext4_get_group_no_and_offset(sb, o_blocks_count, &o_group, &offset);
+
+ n_desc_blocks = (n_group + EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb)) /
+ EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb);
+ o_desc_blocks = (sbi->s_groups_count + EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb) - 1) /
+ EXT4_DESC_PER_BLOCK(sb);
+ desc_blocks = n_desc_blocks - o_desc_blocks;
+
+ if (desc_blocks &&
+ (!EXT4_HAS_COMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_COMPAT_RESIZE_INODE) ||
+ le16_to_cpu(es->s_reserved_gdt_blocks) < desc_blocks)) {
+ ext4_warning(sb, "No reserved GDT blocks, can't resize");
+ return -EPERM;
+ }
+
+ resize_inode = ext4_iget(sb, EXT4_RESIZE_INO);
+ if (IS_ERR(resize_inode)) {
+ ext4_warning(sb, "Error opening resize inode");
+ return PTR_ERR(resize_inode);
+ }
+
+ /* See if the device is actually as big as what was requested */
+ bh = sb_bread(sb, n_blocks_count - 1);
+ if (!bh) {
+ ext4_warning(sb, "can't read last block, resize aborted");
+ return -ENOSPC;
+ }
+ brelse(bh);
+
+ if (offset != 0) {
+ /* extend the last group */
+ ext4_grpblk_t add;
+ add = EXT4_BLOCKS_PER_GROUP(sb) - offset;
+ err = __ext4_group_extend(sb, o_blocks_count, add);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ if (EXT4_HAS_INCOMPAT_FEATURE(sb, EXT4_FEATURE_INCOMPAT_FLEX_BG) &&
+ es->s_log_groups_per_flex)
+ flexbg_size = 1 << es->s_log_groups_per_flex;
+
+ o_blocks_count = ext4_blocks_count(es);
+ if (o_blocks_count == n_blocks_count)
+ goto out;
+
+ flex_gd = alloc_flex_gd(flexbg_size);
+ if (flex_gd == NULL) {
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ /* Add flex groups. Note that a regular group is a
+ * flex group with 1 group.
+ */
+ while (ext4_setup_next_flex_gd(sb, flex_gd, n_blocks_count,
+ flexbg_size)) {
+ ext4_alloc_group_tables(sb, flex_gd, flexbg_size);
+ err = ext4_flex_group_add(sb, resize_inode, flex_gd);
+ if (unlikely(err))
+ break;
+ }
+
+out:
+ if (flex_gd)
+ free_flex_gd(flex_gd);
+
+ iput(resize_inode);
+ if (test_opt(sb, DEBUG))
+ printk(KERN_DEBUG "EXT4-fs: resized filesystem from %llu "
+ "upto %llu blocks\n", o_blocks_count, n_blocks_count);
+ return err;
+}
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