YaGo, converting Yara rules into JSON files.
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 /{}     /{}         /{}{}{}
|  {}   /{}/        /{}__  {}
 \  {} /{}//{}{}{} | {}  \__/  /{}{}{}
  \  {}{}/|____  {}| {} /{}{} /{}__  {}
   \  {}/  /{}{}{}{| {}|_  {}| {}  \ {}
    | {}  /{}__  {}| {}  \ {}| {}  | {}
    | {} |  {}{}{}}|  {}{}{}/|  {}{}{}/
    |__/  \_______/ \______/  \______/

YaGo is a translation tool which converts Yara rules in JSON format so they could be handled easyly with a NoSQL database, for example.

The way that YaGo works it's really easy, you can just call it by giving a Yara rule as an argument or you can import the modules on your project and use it on your way.

YaGo is written in Golang so it can run on lots of platforms (see GOOS and GOARCH). We have provided a Makefile which builds YaGo for the most common platforms, in addition we also provide those binaries as releases here at Github.com.

Running YaGo

As it was said before YaGo is a command line tool, but you can use it on your projects by using the modules.

Command line

When you run YaGo without any argument it returns a help message like this one:

YaGo - Parsing Yara rules like a Gopher.

  yago fileName <fileName> [ --validJSON ]
  yago dirName <dirName> [ --validJSON ]
  yago indexFile <indexFile> [ cwd <path> ] [ --validJSON ]
  yago inputFile <inputFile> outputDir <outputDir> [ --overwrite ] [ --validJSON ]
  yago inputFile <inputFile> outputFile <outputFile> [ --overwrite ] [ --validJSON ]
  yago -h | --help
  yago --version

At the moment YaGo is supporting four input modes. It can parse a single Yara rule file, a directory of Yara rule files, index Yara file, and JSON file.

You can call YaGo by using the next arguments:

  • fileName which points a Yara rule.
  • dirName which points a directory with Yara rule files.
  • indexFile which points a Yara index file.
  • inputFile which points a JSON file with Yara rules previously parsed.
./build/yago fileName ./test/EK_Fragus.yar

When parsing an index file with YaGo you can provide the Current Working Directory (CWD) path and that path will be attached at the beginning of each rule path when reading the file.

$ cat index.yar
include "rules/EK_Angler.yar"
include "rules/EK_Blackhole.yar"
./build/yago indexFile index.yar cwd path/with/rules

YaGo will look for rules at path/with/rules/rules/....yar.

The last argument is inputFile that converts rules in JSON format that were previously translated back in Yara rules. This arguments accept two extra arguments which indicate the output is either a directory or file, in case of a file YaGO will merge all rules taking care of import and rule name collitions.

In addition the inputFile argument has an --overwrite option that overwrite exisitng files on the output directory or file.

Finally, all arguments have a --validJSON option. That option tells YaGo to either print out each rule in one line or print out the whole rule set in a file that meets JSON format.

A json output looks like

  "file_name": "rule.yar",
  "imports": null,
  "rules": [
      "name": "Mal_PotPlayer_DLL",
      "global": false,
      "private": false,
      "tags": [
      "meta": {
        "author": "Florian Roth",
        "date": "2016-05-25",
        "description": "Detects a malicious PotPlayer.dll",
        "hash1": "705409bc11fb45fa3c4e2fa9dd35af7d4613e52a713d9c6ea6bc4baff49aa74a",
        "reference": "https://goo.gl/13Wgy1",
        "score": "70"
      "strings": [
          "name": "$x1",
          "value": "C:\\\\Users\\\\john\\\\Desktop\\\\PotPlayer\\\\Release\\\\PotPlayer.pdb",
          "modifers": [
          "name": "$s3",
          "value": "PotPlayer.dll",
          "modifers": [
          "name": "$s4",
          "value": "\\\\update.dat",
          "modifers": [
      "condition": "uint16 ( 0 ) = = 0x5a4d and filesize < 200KB and $x1 or all of ( $s* )"

Module import

On the other hand, if you would like to use YaGo on your own project, it is as easy as adding the following line in the import section.

import (

You can process the rules using the either parser API or the YaGo's one.

Using parser API

package main

import (


func main() {
  file, _ := ioutil.ReadFile("test.yar")

  p := yago.NewParser("InformationName")
  p.SetLogLevel("INFO") // Optionl. Accepts: INFO, WARN, DEBUG

  j, err := json.Marshal(p)
  if err == nil {
    os.Stdout.WriteString("\n") // Useful when importing the result in other tools
  } else {

On the other hand, you can use the YaGo API.

package main

import "github.com/Yara-Rules/yago/yago"

func main() {
  r := yago.ProcessFile("test.yar")
  yago.GenerateOutputFromYara(r, false)



If you would like to be part of the Yara comunity or Yara-Rules project you are free to contribute with us in any way. You can send issues or pull requests, by sharing Yara rules, etc.