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/**************************** sha1.c ****************************/
/******************** See RFC 4634 for details ******************/
/*
* Description:
* This file implements the Secure Hash Signature Standard
* algorithms as defined in the National Institute of Standards
* and Technology Federal Information Processing Standards
* Publication (FIPS PUB) 180-1 published on April 17, 1995, 180-2
* published on August 1, 2002, and the FIPS PUB 180-2 Change
* Notice published on February 28, 2004.
*
* A combined document showing all algorithms is available at
* http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/fips/
* fips180-2/fips180-2withchangenotice.pdf
*
* The SHA-1 algorithm produces a 160-bit message digest for a
* given data stream. It should take about 2**n steps to find a
* message with the same digest as a given message and
* 2**(n/2) to find any two messages with the same digest,
* when n is the digest size in bits. Therefore, this
* algorithm can serve as a means of providing a
* "fingerprint" for a message.
*
* Portability Issues:
* SHA-1 is defined in terms of 32-bit "words". This code
* uses <stdint.h> (included via "sha.h") to define 32 and 8
* bit unsigned integer types. If your C compiler does not
* support 32 bit unsigned integers, this code is not
* appropriate.
*
* Caveats:
* SHA-1 is designed to work with messages less than 2^64 bits
* long. This implementation uses SHA1Input() to hash the bits
* that are a multiple of the size of an 8-bit character, and then
* uses SHA1FinalBits() to hash the final few bits of the input.
*/
#include "sha.h"
#include "sha-private.h"
/*
* Define the SHA1 circular left shift macro
*/
#define SHA1_ROTL(bits,word) \
(((word) << (bits)) | ((word) >> (32-(bits))))
/*
* add "length" to the length
*/
static uint32_t addTemp;
#define SHA1AddLength(context, length) \
(addTemp = (context)->Length_Low, \
(context)->Corrupted = \
(((context)->Length_Low += (length)) < addTemp) && \
(++(context)->Length_High == 0) ? 1 : 0)
/* Local Function Prototypes */
static void SHA1Finalize(SHA1Context *context, uint8_t Pad_Byte);
static void SHA1PadMessage(SHA1Context *, uint8_t Pad_Byte);
static void SHA1ProcessMessageBlock(SHA1Context *);
/*
* SHA1Reset
*
* Description:
* This function will initialize the SHA1Context in preparation
* for computing a new SHA1 message digest.
*
* Parameters:
* context: [in/out]
* The context to reset.
*
* Returns:
* sha Error Code.
*
*/
int SHA1Reset(SHA1Context *context)
{
if (!context)
return shaNull;
context->Length_Low = 0;
context->Length_High = 0;
context->Message_Block_Index = 0;
/* Initial Hash Values: FIPS-180-2 section 5.3.1 */
context->Intermediate_Hash[0] = 0x67452301;
context->Intermediate_Hash[1] = 0xEFCDAB89;
context->Intermediate_Hash[2] = 0x98BADCFE;
context->Intermediate_Hash[3] = 0x10325476;
context->Intermediate_Hash[4] = 0xC3D2E1F0;
context->Computed = 0;
context->Corrupted = 0;
return shaSuccess;
}
/*
* SHA1Input
*
* Description:
* This function accepts an array of octets as the next portion
* of the message.
*
* Parameters:
* context: [in/out]
* The SHA context to update
* message_array: [in]
* An array of characters representing the next portion of
* the message.
* length: [in]
* The length of the message in message_array
*
* Returns:
* sha Error Code.
*
*/
int SHA1Input(SHA1Context *context,
const uint8_t *message_array, unsigned length)
{
if (!length)
return shaSuccess;
if (!context || !message_array)
return shaNull;
if (context->Computed) {
context->Corrupted = shaStateError;
return shaStateError;
}
if (context->Corrupted)
return context->Corrupted;
while (length-- && !context->Corrupted) {
context->Message_Block[context->Message_Block_Index++] =
(*message_array & 0xFF);
if (!SHA1AddLength(context, 8) &&
(context->Message_Block_Index == SHA1_Message_Block_Size))
SHA1ProcessMessageBlock(context);
message_array++;
}
return shaSuccess;
}
/*
* SHA1FinalBits
*
* Description:
* This function will add in any final bits of the message.
*
* Parameters:
* context: [in/out]
* The SHA context to update
* message_bits: [in]
* The final bits of the message, in the upper portion of the
* byte. (Use 0b###00000 instead of 0b00000### to input the
* three bits ###.)
* length: [in]
* The number of bits in message_bits, between 1 and 7.
*
* Returns:
* sha Error Code.
*/
int SHA1FinalBits(SHA1Context *context, const uint8_t message_bits,
unsigned int length)
{
uint8_t masks[8] = {
/* 0 0b00000000 */ 0x00, /* 1 0b10000000 */ 0x80,
/* 2 0b11000000 */ 0xC0, /* 3 0b11100000 */ 0xE0,
/* 4 0b11110000 */ 0xF0, /* 5 0b11111000 */ 0xF8,
/* 6 0b11111100 */ 0xFC, /* 7 0b11111110 */ 0xFE
};
uint8_t markbit[8] = {
/* 0 0b10000000 */ 0x80, /* 1 0b01000000 */ 0x40,
/* 2 0b00100000 */ 0x20, /* 3 0b00010000 */ 0x10,
/* 4 0b00001000 */ 0x08, /* 5 0b00000100 */ 0x04,
/* 6 0b00000010 */ 0x02, /* 7 0b00000001 */ 0x01
};
if (!length)
return shaSuccess;
if (!context)
return shaNull;
if (context->Computed || (length >= 8) || (length == 0)) {
context->Corrupted = shaStateError;
return shaStateError;
}
if (context->Corrupted)
return context->Corrupted;
SHA1AddLength(context, length);
SHA1Finalize(context,
(uint8_t) ((message_bits & masks[length]) | markbit[length]));
return shaSuccess;
}
/*
* SHA1Result
*
* Description:
* This function will return the 160-bit message digest into the
* Message_Digest array provided by the caller.
* NOTE: The first octet of hash is stored in the 0th element,
* the last octet of hash in the 19th element.
*
* Parameters:
* context: [in/out]
* The context to use to calculate the SHA-1 hash.
* Message_Digest: [out]
* Where the digest is returned.
*
* Returns:
* sha Error Code.
*
*/
int SHA1Result(SHA1Context *context,
uint8_t Message_Digest[SHA1HashSize])
{
int i;
if (!context || !Message_Digest)
return shaNull;
if (context->Corrupted)
return context->Corrupted;
if (!context->Computed)
SHA1Finalize(context, 0x80);
for (i = 0; i < SHA1HashSize; ++i)
Message_Digest[i] = (uint8_t) (context->Intermediate_Hash[i>>2]
>> 8 * ( 3 - ( i & 0x03 ) ));
return shaSuccess;
}
/*
* SHA1Finalize
*
* Description:
* This helper function finishes off the digest calculations.
*
* Parameters:
* context: [in/out]
* The SHA context to update
* Pad_Byte: [in]
* The last byte to add to the digest before the 0-padding
* and length. This will contain the last bits of the message
* followed by another single bit. If the message was an
* exact multiple of 8-bits long, Pad_Byte will be 0x80.
*
* Returns:
* sha Error Code.
*
*/
static void SHA1Finalize(SHA1Context *context, uint8_t Pad_Byte)
{
int i;
SHA1PadMessage(context, Pad_Byte);
/* message may be sensitive, clear it out */
for (i = 0; i < SHA1_Message_Block_Size; ++i)
context->Message_Block[i] = 0;
context->Length_Low = 0; /* and clear length */
context->Length_High = 0;
context->Computed = 1;
}
/*
* SHA1PadMessage
*
* Description:
* According to the standard, the message must be padded to an
* even 512 bits. The first padding bit must be a '1'. The last
* 64 bits represent the length of the original message. All bits
* in between should be 0. This helper function will pad the
* message according to those rules by filling the Message_Block
* array accordingly. When it returns, it can be assumed that the
* message digest has been computed.
*
* Parameters:
* context: [in/out]
* The context to pad
* Pad_Byte: [in]
* The last byte to add to the digest before the 0-padding
* and length. This will contain the last bits of the message
* followed by another single bit. If the message was an
* exact multiple of 8-bits long, Pad_Byte will be 0x80.
*
* Returns:
* Nothing.
*/
static void SHA1PadMessage(SHA1Context *context, uint8_t Pad_Byte)
{
/*
* Check to see if the current message block is too small to hold
* the initial padding bits and length. If so, we will pad the
* block, process it, and then continue padding into a second
* block.
*/
if (context->Message_Block_Index >= (SHA1_Message_Block_Size - 8)) {
context->Message_Block[context->Message_Block_Index++] = Pad_Byte;
while (context->Message_Block_Index < SHA1_Message_Block_Size)
context->Message_Block[context->Message_Block_Index++] = 0;
SHA1ProcessMessageBlock(context);
} else
context->Message_Block[context->Message_Block_Index++] = Pad_Byte;
while (context->Message_Block_Index < (SHA1_Message_Block_Size - 8))
context->Message_Block[context->Message_Block_Index++] = 0;
/*
* Store the message length as the last 8 octets
*/
context->Message_Block[56] = (uint8_t) (context->Length_High >> 24);
context->Message_Block[57] = (uint8_t) (context->Length_High >> 16);
context->Message_Block[58] = (uint8_t) (context->Length_High >> 8);
context->Message_Block[59] = (uint8_t) (context->Length_High);
context->Message_Block[60] = (uint8_t) (context->Length_Low >> 24);
context->Message_Block[61] = (uint8_t) (context->Length_Low >> 16);
context->Message_Block[62] = (uint8_t) (context->Length_Low >> 8);
context->Message_Block[63] = (uint8_t) (context->Length_Low);
SHA1ProcessMessageBlock(context);
}
/*
* SHA1ProcessMessageBlock
*
* Description:
* This helper function will process the next 512 bits of the
* message stored in the Message_Block array.
*
* Parameters:
* None.
*
* Returns:
* Nothing.
*
* Comments:
* Many of the variable names in this code, especially the
* single character names, were used because those were the
* names used in the publication.
*/
static void SHA1ProcessMessageBlock(SHA1Context *context)
{
/* Constants defined in FIPS-180-2, section 4.2.1 */
const uint32_t K[4] = {
0x5A827999, 0x6ED9EBA1, 0x8F1BBCDC, 0xCA62C1D6
};
int t; /* Loop counter */
uint32_t temp; /* Temporary word value */
uint32_t W[80]; /* Word sequence */
uint32_t A, B, C, D, E; /* Word buffers */
/*
* Initialize the first 16 words in the array W
*/
for (t = 0; t < 16; t++) {
W[t] = ((uint32_t)context->Message_Block[t * 4]) << 24;
W[t] |= ((uint32_t)context->Message_Block[t * 4 + 1]) << 16;
W[t] |= ((uint32_t)context->Message_Block[t * 4 + 2]) << 8;
W[t] |= ((uint32_t)context->Message_Block[t * 4 + 3]);
}
for (t = 16; t < 80; t++)
W[t] = SHA1_ROTL(1, W[t-3] ^ W[t-8] ^ W[t-14] ^ W[t-16]);
A = context->Intermediate_Hash[0];
B = context->Intermediate_Hash[1];
C = context->Intermediate_Hash[2];
D = context->Intermediate_Hash[3];
E = context->Intermediate_Hash[4];
for (t = 0; t < 20; t++) {
temp = SHA1_ROTL(5,A) + SHA_Ch(B, C, D) + E + W[t] + K[0];
E = D;
D = C;
C = SHA1_ROTL(30,B);
B = A;
A = temp;
}
for (t = 20; t < 40; t++) {
temp = SHA1_ROTL(5,A) + SHA_Parity(B, C, D) + E + W[t] + K[1];
E = D;
D = C;
C = SHA1_ROTL(30,B);
B = A;
A = temp;
}
for (t = 40; t < 60; t++) {
temp = SHA1_ROTL(5,A) + SHA_Maj(B, C, D) + E + W[t] + K[2];
E = D;
D = C;
C = SHA1_ROTL(30,B);
B = A;
A = temp;
}
for (t = 60; t < 80; t++) {
temp = SHA1_ROTL(5,A) + SHA_Parity(B, C, D) + E + W[t] + K[3];
E = D;
D = C;
C = SHA1_ROTL(30,B);
B = A;
A = temp;
}
context->Intermediate_Hash[0] += A;
context->Intermediate_Hash[1] += B;
context->Intermediate_Hash[2] += C;
context->Intermediate_Hash[3] += D;
context->Intermediate_Hash[4] += E;
context->Message_Block_Index = 0;
}
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