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README

To build OSv
============

0) Install prerequisite packages:

   On Fedora:
     yum install ant autoconf automake boost-static gcc-c++ genromfs \
        libvirt libtool zfs-fuse flex bison

   On Debian:
     apt-get install libboost-all-dev genromfs zfs-fuse autoconf

1) make sure the zfs-fuse daemon is running
   ----------------------------------------

   On Fedora:
     sudo systemctl start zfs-fuse.service
     sudo systemctl enable zfs-fuse.service	# to have it start on reboot

   On Debian the daemon should be started automatically.

2) make sure all git submodules are uptodate
   -----------------------------------------

    git submodule update --init

3) build everything at once
   ------------------------

   make external all 

OR follow steps below

4) build the specially patched libunwind
   -------------------------------------

    cd external/libunwind
    autoreconf -i
    sh config.sh
    make
    cp ./src/.libs/libunwind.a ../..
    cd ../..

5) build the glibc test suite

   cd external/glibc-testsuite
   make
   cd ../..


6) build osv
   ---------

    make

To run OSv
==========

    ./scripts/run.py

External Networking
===================

To start osv with external networking:

    $ sudo ./scripts/run.py -n -v

The -v is for kvm's vhost that provides better performance
and it's setup requires a tap and thus we use sudo.

By default OSv spawns a dhcpd that auto config the virtual nics.
Static config can be done within OSv, configure netwroking like so:

    $ ifconfig virtio-net0 192.168.122.100 netmask 255.255.255.0 up
    $ route add default gw 192.168.122.1

Test networking:

    $ test TCPExternalCommunication

Running java or C applications that allready reside within the image:

    #Netserver
    $ sudo scripts/run.py -nv -m4G -e "java.so -jar /java/cli.jar run /usr/netserver -D -4 -f"

    #The cli and the internal web server
    sudo scripts/run.py -nv -m4G -e "java.so -cp /java/cli.jar -jar /java/web.jar app"


Debugging
=========

To build with debugging symbols, and preemption off (to not confuse gdb),
	make -j mode=debug conf-preempt=0

To clean debugging build's results, use
	make clean mode=debug

To run the debugging build:
	./scripts/run.py -d

To connect a debugger to this run:
	$ gdb build/debug/loader.elf
	(gdb) connect
	(gdb) osv syms
	(gdb) bt

To put a breakpoint early in the osv run, a useful trick is tell the vm to
reboot after setting the breakpoint:
	(gdb) hbreak function_name
	(gdb) monitor system_reset
	(gdb) c

 Tracing
 =======
 To add a static tracepoint, use the following code:
 
   tracepoint<u64, int> trace_foo("foo", "x=%x y=%d");
   
   ...
   
   
   void foo(u64 x, int y)
   {
       trace_foo(x, y);
       ...
   }
 
 Where
 
   trace_foo: an internal identifier
   "foo": a name for the tracepoint as will be visible in the log
   <u64, int>: parameters for the tracepoint
   "x=%x y=%d": format string for the tracepoint; size modifiers unneeded
 
 To enable tracepoints at runtime, use the --trace= switch:
 
   scripts/imgedit.py setargs  build/release/loader.img --trace=sched\* testrunner.so
 
 you can use multiple --trace= switches, or a single one with commas.  Shell-style wildcards
 allow enabling multiple tracepoints (as in the example). 
 
 To trace all function entries/returns in the program, build with conf-tracing=1 (clean build
 needed), and enable "function*" tracepoints, with --trace=.
 
 To view a trace, connect with gdb, and:
 
   (gdb) osv syms
   (gdb) set pagination off
   (gdb) set logging on
   (gdb) osv trace

 gdb.txt will contain the the trace.

Leak Detection
==============

Memory allocation tracking can be enabled/disabled with the gdb commands
"osv leak on", "osv leak off", but even easier is to add the "--leak"
paramter to the loader, to have it start leak detection when entering the
payload (not during OSv boot). For example:

	scripts/run.py -e "--leak java.so -jar cli.jar"

	scripts/run.py -e "--leak tests/tst-leak.so"

Leak detection can be used in either the debug or release build, though
note that the release builds' optimizations may somewhat modify the
reported call traces.

When the run ends, connect to OSV with the debugger to see the where
the remaining allocation come from:

$ gdb build/release/loader.elf       # or build/debug/loader.elf
(gdb) connect
(gdb) osv syms
(gdb) set logging on	# optional, if you want to save the output to a file
(gdb) set height 0	# optional, useful if using "set logging on"
(gdb) osv leak show

Please note that "osv leak show" can take a L-O-N-G time - even a few
minutes, especially when running Java, as it allocates myriads of objects
that GDB will now have to inspect.


Use-after-free and overrun detection
====================================

Set conf-debug_memory=1 in base.mak, and perform a clean build.  A use-after-free will result
in an immediate segmentation fault.

Note that the detector requires a lot of memory, so you may need to start a larger guest.

Running java benchmarks
=======================

After running "make", do
    scripts/imgedit.py setargs build/debug/loader.img java.so -jar bench.jar

and then run normally (./scripts/run.py).


Profiling
=========

You can use 'perf kvm' for profiling:

    perf kvm --guestvmlinux=build/release/loader.elf top
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