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- added support for GDEM029T94 2.9" b/w, actual Waveshare 2.9" b/w
- updated example GxEPD_WiFi_Example, for actual GitHub certificate

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May 11, 2021
May 11, 2021
May 21, 2017
May 11, 2021


A simple E-Paper display library with common base class and separate IO class for Arduino.

  • For SPI e-paper displays from Dalian Good Display

  • and SPI e-paper boards from Waveshare

  • GxEPD2 is better suited for new users or new projects!

important note :

  • these displays are for 3.3V supply and 3.3V data lines
  • never connect data lines directly to 5V Arduino data pins, use e.g. 4k7/10k resistor divider
  • series resistor only is not enough for reliable operation (back-feed effect through protection diodes)
  • 4k7/10k resistor divider may not work with flat cable extensions or Waveshare 4.2 board, use level converter then
  • do not forget to connect GND
  • the actual Waveshare display boards now have level converters and series regulator, safe for 5V

Paged Drawing, Picture Loop for AVR

  • This library uses paged drawing to cope with RAM restriction and missing single pixel update support
  • Paged drawing is implemented using callbacks to callback functions in the user application code,
  • the picture loop is internal to the display classes and calls the callback function as many times as needed,
  • this is a different implementation compared to the picture loop in U8G2 (Oliver Kraus)
  • see also

The E-Paper display base class is a subclass of Adafruit_GFX, to have graphics and text rendering.

  • It needs up to 15kB available RAM to buffer the black/white image for the SPI displays,
  • double for 3-color, for e-papers up to 4.2" (300 * 400 / 8, 2 * 300 * 400 / 8).
  • ESP8266, ESP32 , STM32 systems, Arduino Due e.g. have enough free RAM for full graphics buffer.
  • It needs more RAM for e-paper displays above the 4.2".
  • Paged Drawing is available to cope with RAM restriction on AVR processors or for big displays.

Supporting Arduino Forum Topics:

Supported SPI e-paper panels from Good Display:

  • GDEP015OC1 1.54" b/w 200x200
  • GDEH0154D67 1.54" b/w 200x200 replacement for GDEP015OC1
  • GDEW0154Z04 1.54" b/w/r 200x200
  • GDEW0154Z17 1.54" b/w/r 152x152
  • GDE0213B1 2.13" b/w
  • GDEH0213B72 2.13" b/w, replacement for GDE0213B1
  • GDEH0213B73 2.13" b/w, new replacement for GDE0213B1, GDEH0213B72
  • GDEW0213I5F 2.13" b/w flexible
  • GDEW0213Z16 2.13" b/w/r
  • GDEH029A1 2.9" b/w
  • GDEW029T5 2.9" b/w
  • GDEM029T94 2.9" b/w
  • GDEW029Z10 2.9" b/w/r
  • GDEW026T0 2.6" b/w
  • GDEW027C44 2.7" b/w/r
  • GDEW027W3 2.7" b/w
  • GDEW0371W7 3.7" b/w
  • GDEW042T2 4.2" b/w
  • GDEW042Z15 4.2" b/w/r
  • GDEW0583T7 5.83" b/w
  • GDEW075T8 7.5" b/w
  • GDEW075T7 7.5" b/w 800x480
  • GDEW075Z09 7.5" b/w/r
  • GDEW075Z08 7.5" b/w/r 800x480

Supported SPI e-paper panels & boards from Waveshare: compare with Good Display, same panel

I can and will only support e-paper panels I have!

  • promotion panels from suppliers are welcome, to add support to GxEPD
  • donation panels from users are welcome, to add support to GxEPD

for pin mapping suggestions see

Version 3.1.1

  • added support for GDEM029T94 2.9" b/w, actual Waveshare 2.9" b/w
  • updated example GxEPD_WiFi_Example, for actual GitHub certificate

Version 3.1.0

  • added support for GDEH0154D67 1.54" b/w, replacement for GDEP015OC1
  • added example GxEPD_MinimumExample, e.g. for memory footprint

Version 3.0.9

  • fixed BMP handling, e.g. for BMPs created by ImageMagick
  • see also Arduino Forum Topic
  • added support for GDEW075T7 7.5" b/w 800x480
  • GDEW075T7 has differential update (1.6s) using a charge balancing waveform
  • added "fast partial update" (differential update) for GDEW0371W7 3.7" b/w 240x416
  • improved differential update waveform for GDEW026T0 2.6" b/w 152x256
  • fixed init code & improved differential update for GDEW042T2 4.2" b/w 300x400
  • note that all differential refresh waveforms are a compromise (ghosting, big font use)
  • parameters for differential waveform for these display can easily be changed for experimenting
  • GDEW042T2 would have greyed background without sustain phase
  • GDEW042T2 needs multiple full refreshes after extended use of partial updates

Version 3.0.8

  • added support for GDEH0213B73 2.13" b/w, replacement for GDE0213B1, GDEH0213B72
  • added support for GDEW026T0 2.6" b/w 152x256
  • added support for GDEW0371W7 3.7" b/w 240x416
  • added support for GDEW075Z08 7.5" b/w/r 800x480
  • changed 4.2" b/w waveform table, for better result with actual panels

Version 3.0.7

  • fix for incomplete download in GxEPD_WiFi_Example
  • added missing powerDown() in base class GxEPD and class GxGDEW0154Z04
  • added missing getUTF8Width() for U8g2_for_Adafruit_GFX in GxFont_GFX

Version 3.0.6

  • added GxGDEH0213B72, to support GDEH0213B72 2.13" b/w, replacement for GDE0213B1

Version 3.0.5

  • added support for GDEW029T5
  • fixed wavetable for GDEW0213I5F

Version 3.0.4

  • GxGDEW027W3 with fast partial update support, based on new demo code wavetable
  • mapping suggestion added for Arduino MEGA
  • NOTE: use voltage divider resistors for 5V Arduinos, series resistor is not reliable enough
  • updated

Version 3.0.3

  • fix GxIO_SPI: avoid nesting SPI transactions causing deadlock

Version 3.0.2

  • added GxGDEW0213I5F for 2.13" b/w 104x212 flexible display, initial tests successful
  • updated GxIO_SPI to use SPI transactions, for SPI speed with multiple devices, NUCLEO-64
  • updated GxEPD_WiFi_Example to use BearSSL on ESP8266, for large bitmap downloads

Version 3.0.1

  • update comments in GxFont_GFX_Example for UTF-8 use, e.g. Umlauts ÄÖÜäéöü
  • NOTE: you need to SAVE the modified example to a saveable location for UTF-8 characters to work

Version 3.0.0

  • new src directory structure avoids the need for .cpp includes
  • only header files includes are needed
  • Arduino IDE 1.8.x automatically includes needed code from .cpp files
  • DO NOT include .cpp files with this version, linker would complain
  • src directory structure makes GxEPD a more usual Arduino Library

Version 2.3.17

  • removed GxGDEW0213I5F for 2.13" b/w 104x212 flexible display
  • did not work, as started from 3-c source, controller is IL0373

Version 2.3.16

  • added GxGDEW0213I5F for 2.13" b/w 104x212 flexible display
  • NOT tested on GxGDEW0213I5F, I don't have this display
  • tested on 2.9" 3-color display, has same controller IL0373

Version 2.3.15

  • added GxEPD_SD_Example and GxEPD_WiFi_Example
  • GxEPD_SD_Example replaces GxEPD_SD_BitmapExample with more BMP depths
  • GxEPD_SD_Example does not work on small RAM AVR
  • GxEPD_WiFi_Example only for ESP32 and ESP8286
  • ESP8266 does not work reliable with big BMP download (known ESP8266 package issue)

Version 2.3.14

  • added GxEPD_SD_BitmapExample

Version 2.3.13

  • added "no BUSY" support to GxGDEP015OC1 for Heltec E-Paper 1.54" b/w without BUSY
  • set BUSY parameter to -1 for Heltec E-Paper 1.54" b/w without BUSY

Version 2.3.12

  • added GxGDEW0583T7 for 5.83" b/w 600x448 display
  • my GDEW0583T7 panel has a refresh time of ~15 seconds
  • please report if you got this display with faster refresh time, or got faster driver or demo

Version 2.3.11

  • fix GxGDEW042T2 to avoid double full refresh after reset (deep sleep wakeup)

Version 2.3.10

  • added GxGDEW0154Z17 for 1.54" 3-color 152x152 display
  • NOT tested on GDEW0154Z17, I don't have this display
  • tested on 2.9" 3-color display, same controller IL0373
  • use GxEPD_RED to get yellow on yellow 3-color e-paper

Version 2.3.9

  • new version for 7.5" 3-color display GxGDEW075Z09
  • GxGDEW075Z09 runs with full buffer on ESP32, Arduino Due, STM32F4
  • runs with reduced buffer on ESP8266, STM32F1, AVR : will show buffer content as stripes
  • supports paged display on AVR, ESP8266, STM32F1

Version 2.3.8

  • Serial Diagnostic Output selectable by parameter of init() call:
  • void init(uint32_t serial_diag_bitrate = 0); // = 0 : disabled

Version 2.3.7

Version 2.3.6

  • fixes and cleanup

Version 2.3.5

  • GxFont_GFX : Font Rendering Graphics Switch and Bridge Class


A simple E-Paper display library with common base class and separate IO class for Arduino.





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