A Wishbone Controlled PWM (audio) controller
This PWM controller was designed with audio in mind, although it should be sufficient for many other purposes. Specifically, it creates a pulse-width modulated output, where the amount of time the output is 'high' is determined by the pulse width data given to it. Further, the 'high' time is spread out in bit reversed order. In this fashion, a halfway point will alternate between high and low, rather than the normal fashion of being high for half the time and then low. This approach was chosen to move the PWM artifacts to higher, inaudible frequencies and hence improve the sound quality.
The interface supports two addresses:
Addr is the data register. Writes to this register will set a 16-bit sample value to be produced by the PWM logic. Reads will also produce, in the 17th bit, whether the interrupt is set or not. (If set, it's time to write a new data value ...)
Addr is a timer reload value, used to determine how often the PWM logic needs its next value. This number should be set to the number of clock cycles between reload values. So, for example, an 80 MHz clock can generate a 44.1 kHz audio stream by reading in a new sample every (80e6/44.1e3 = 1814) samples. After loading a sample, the device is immediately ready to load a second. Once the first sample completes, the second sample will start going to the output, and an interrupt will be generated indicating that the device is now ready for the third sample. (The one sample buffer allows some flexibility in getting the new sample there fast enough ...)