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fast-ssdeep-clus : Parallel ssdeep clustering kit

What is this?

This is simple and efficient ssdeep-based clustering program. I use this program to cluster my malware collection (based on certain threshold value).

What is ssdeep clustering mode?

ssdeep 2.9 or later implements simple clustering mode.

  • If digest A and digest B are similar enough, A and B are in the same cluster.
  • If A and B are similar enough and B and C also are, all A, B and C are in the same cluster (even if A and C are NOT similar enough).

Based on the threshold value t, two digests are treated as "similar" if the similarity score of them is greater than t.

If you are familiar with clustering, you can see that this is just single-linkage clustering with a fixed distance value.

Requirements

There's no Makefile because this entire program is a hack. Please build it yourself.

File Format : Fuzzy hash list

This is simple fuzzy hash list separated by newline character.

3::
24:VGXGP7L5e/Ixt3af/WKPPaYpzg4m3XWMCsXNCRs0:kYDxcfPZpelCs9Cm0
24:3G24hjRrxvF61IJG1XNgf+ojDOja9/JTjw1UBr2mk:W5FhnVtajaRG1gr2r
(... continues without empty lines ...)
(EOF)

File Format : Cluster list

It indicates which fuzzy hashes are connected. If fuzzy hash A and B are connected and C, D, E are connected, the cluster list should look like this:

A
B
(empty line)
C
D
E
(empty line)
(EOF)

There is always an empty line after each cluster to indicate end of cluster.

Program : fast-ssdeep-clus

  • Input: fuzzy hash list (as first argument)
  • Output: cluster list (to stdout)

This program clusters fuzzy hashes and makes cluster list.

Program : fast-combine-ssdeep-clus

  • Input 1: fuzzy hash list (as first argument)
  • Input 2: fuzzy hash list (as second argument)
  • Output: cluster list (to stdout)

This program tries to make clusters between elements in Input 1 and elements in Input 2. This program is useful for making clusters gradually.

Program : combine-clusters

  • Input: cluster list (from stdin)
  • Output: cluster list (to stdout)

This program combines clusters. For instance, if input like this is given...:

A
B
(empty line)
C
D
E
(empty line)
B
C
(empty line)
(EOF)

the output should look like this:

A
B
C
D
E
(empty line)
(EOF)

Because all five elements are connected (indirectly), this program combines all connected clusters into a single cluster.

Program : sort-clusters

  • Input: cluster list (from stdin)
  • Output: cluster list (to stdout)

This program normalizes output by sorting cluster list on certain order.

Usage

# threshold = 79, number of threads = 8

# Make cluster list:
$ fast-ssdeep-clus -t 79 -n 8 all.ssdeep | sort-clusters >all.clusters.79.txt

# Make clusters gradually:
# assuming that all.ssdeep and delta.ssdeep does not intersect (have no common elements)
$ fast-ssdeep-clus -t 79 -n 8 delta.ssdeep >delta.clusters.79.0
$ fast-combine-ssdeep-clus -t 79 -n 8 delta.ssdeep all.ssdeep >delta.clusters.79.1
$ cat all.clusters.79.txt delta.clusters.79.0 delta.clusters.79.1 \
	| combine-clusters | sort-clusters >all.clusters.79.txt.new
$ mv all.clusters.79.txt.new all.clusters.79.txt
$ cat delta.ssdeep >>all.ssdeep

License

This program itself is released under the terms of the ISC License. However, ffuzzy++ is released under the terms of GNU General Public License (GNU GPL). See license files of ffuzzy++ for details.

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Parallel ssdeep clustering kit

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