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Scala {{mustache}} template engine
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README.md

README.md

Mustache

What is Mustache?

Mustache is a logic-free template engine inspired by ctemplate and et.

As ctemplates says, "It emphasizes separating logic from presentation: it is impossible to embed application logic in this template language".

Usage

To get the language-agnostic overview of Mustache's template syntax and examples of Mustache templates, see http://mustache.github.com/mustache.5.html.

Getting started with scala-mustache is easy:

import mustache._
...
val template = new Mustache("Hello, {{ name }}!")
template.render(Map("name"->"world"))

Returns following:

Hello, world!

Following example shows how to use partials:

val userTemplate = new Mustache("<strong>{{name}}</strong>")
val baseTemplate = new Mustache(
  "<h2>Names</h2>\n{{#names}}\n  {{> user}}\n{{/names}}"
)
val ctx = Map("names"->List(
                   Map("name"->"Alice")
                  ,Map("name"->"Bob")
          ))
val partials = Map("user" -> userTemplate)
baseTemplate.render(ctx, partials)

Templates defined here can be thought of as a single, expanded template:

<h2>Names</h2>
{{#names}}
  <strong>{{name}}</strong>
{{/names}}

You can use {{.}} and {{{.}}} to reference current context value:

val template = new Mustache("{{#list}}{{.}} {{/list}}")
template.render(Map("list"->List("alpha", "bravo", "charlie")))

Returns:

alpha bravo charlie

When the context value is a callable object, such as a function or lambda, the object will be invoked and passed the block of text. The text passed is the literal block, unrendered. {{tags}} will not have been expanded - the lambda should do that on its own. In this way you can implement filters or caching.

val template = new Mustache("{{#wrapped}}{{name}} is awesome.{{/wrapped}}")
template.render(Map("name"->"Willy"
    ,"wrapped"->((str:String, render:(String)=>String)=>{ "<b>"+render(str)+"</b>" })
)

Returns:

<b>Willy is awesome.</b>

Alternatively you can pack your helpers directly into the Mustache subclass. Following example is effectively the same as previous:

class MyMustache(template:String) 
  extends Mustache(template) {

  def wrapped(str:String) = "<b>"+render(str)+"</b>"

}
val template = new MyMustache("{{#wrapped}}{{name}} is awesome.{{/wrapped}}") 
template.render(Map("name"->"Willy"))

Sometimes it is nice to keep different kinds of helpers separate. To do so, you can define helper traits and then mix them up as needed:

trait MyHelper {
  this: MyHelper with MustacheHelperSupport =>

  def wrapped(str:String) = "<b>"+render(str)+"</b>"
}

class MyMustache(template:String) 
  extends Mustache(template) with MyHelper {}

MustacheHelperSupport trait defines following methods you can use in your helper methods:

protected def context:Any                   // returns current context
protected def render(template:String):Any   // renders template string

Dependencies / Build

This project has absolutely zero runtime dependencies and you can build it with Simple Build Tool.

Licensing

This project is licensed under the MIT license.

I’m not a lawyer and this is not a legal advice, but it is free to use in any projects. Free as in “free beer”. Should you have any questions on licensing, consult your lawyer.

Enjoy !

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