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Link-Hack is a Hack Lang HHVM version of Amanpreet Singh's Simple PHP Router
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README.md

Link-Hack is a Hack Lang HHVM version of Amanpreet Singh's minimal PHP Router https://github.com/apsdehal/Link

A minimal router for your webapps and APIs that effortlessly links all of your project. Its fast and to the point.

Features

  • RESTful routing
  • Wildcards to help simplify writing routes
  • Regex routes to unleash any possibility
  • Named routes to help you create links easily
  • Before and after routes function support
  • Tested with Ubuntu 14.04, hhvm 3.2.0-dev+2014.06.18 (rel), nginx 1.4.6

Dependencies

Hack HHVM

http://docs.hhvm.com/manual/en/install.php

Nginx

http://wiki.nginx.org/Install

Install

Manual Include

	require("Link-Hack/src/Link.hh");

Composer

	composer require link-hack/router

Config

Nginx

server {
        listen 80 default_server;
        listen [::]:80 default_server ipv6only=on;

        root /path/Link-Hack/src/; # Changet to path of your environment
        server_name _; #catchall

	if (!-e $request_filename)
	{
	        rewrite ^/(.*)$ /YourRouter.hh?/$1 last;
        	break;
	}

        location / {

        root /path/Link-Hack/src/; # Changet to path of your environment
        fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000; #Whatever HHVM daemon is set to run on.
        # or if you used a unix socket
        # fastcgi_pass   unix:/var/run/hhvm/hhvm.sock;
        fastcgi_index  YourRouter.hh;
        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include        fastcgi_params;

        }

}

Basics

Simple Routing


function routeMe(): void
{
	echo 'I am routed';
}

Link::all( Map{
	'/' => Map{'routeMe' => []}
});

Named Routing

In Link-Hack routes can be named and then further used generating links in a simple and elegant way.


function nameMe() :void
{
	echo 'I am named';
}

Link::all( Map{
	'/named' => Map{'nameMe' => [], 'Its my name' => []}
});

Names to routes must be given as second argument in array while the first being the route handler.

Usage

These named routes can be used in creating in hassle free links.

	<a href="<?hh echo Link::route('Its my name') ?>">Go to named route</a>

Routing with classes

Link can handle classes as Route handler easily, but remember non-static class will be handled both on construct and RESTfully.


$routes = Map{
	'/' => Map{'IndexController::getMeHome' => []}, // Static function
	'/home' =>  Map{'HomeController' => []}, // Class
	'/office' =>  Map{'OfficeController' => []} // Class
});

Link::all($routes);

RESTful routing

RESTful routing is a breeze for Link-Hack.


class HomeController
{
	
	function get() :void
	{
		echo 'You have got to home :)';
	}

	function post() :void
	{
		echo 'You have posted to home';
	}

	function put() :void
	{
		echo 'You have put to home';
	}

	function delete() :void
	{
	    echo 'You have deleted the home :(';
	}
}

Link::all( Map{
	'/' => Map{'HomeController' => [], 'HomeRoute' => []}
});

Dynamic Routes

Regex Shorthands

Link-Hack supports numbers, string and alphanumeric wildcards which can be used as {i} {s} {a} respectively.

$routes = Map{
	'/' => Map{'IndexController' => []},
	'/{i}' => Map{'IndexController' => []},
		// Parameter in place of {i} will be passed to IndexController
	'/posts/{a}/{i}/{s}' => Map{'PostsController' => []}
};

Link::all($routes);

Pure Regex

Link-Hack supports writing your own regex based routes.

$routes = Map{
	'/regex/([\d]+)/([a-zA-Z]+)/([a-zA-Z]+)' => Map{'regexController' => []}
};

Link::all($routes);

Supplementary Handlers

Through Link-Hack, universal before and after handlers can be added, such that these are executed always before and after any route is routed. This can be done as follows:


function universalBeforeHandler( $id ) :void
{
    echo 'Hello I occurred before with ' . $id . '\n';
}

function universalAfterHandler( ?$id ) :void
{
    if( $id )
        echo 'Hello I occurred after with ' . $id;
    else
        echo 'I simply occurred after';
}

function main() :void
{
    echo 'I simply occurred\n'
}

Link::before( Map{'universalBeforeHandler' => array('12')} ); // If you want to pass parameters to them, pass them as arrays
Link::after( Map{'universalAfterHandler' => []} ); // else just don't specify them.

Link::all( Map{
    '/' => Map{'main' => []}
})

Now go to '/' in your browser to find:

Hello I occurred before with 12

I simply occurred

I simply occurred after.

Passing Parameters to Named Routes

You can pass parameters to named routes if the have wildcards in the route path, this will thus generate dynamic links through a single named route.


function nameMe( $i, $s ) :void
{
	echo 'I am named and I have been passed ' . $i . $s ;
}

Link::all( Map{
	'/named/{i}/{s}' => Map{'nameMe' => [], 'Its my name' => []}
});

Now generate a link through Link


echo Link::route( 'Its my name', array(1, 'Me') );

This in turn will generate /named/1/Me and the browser will return I am named and I have been passed 1Me

[404,500] Errors

You should probably add a 404 handler to your routes Map, Link will take care of handling routes that are not found. In case, Link-Hack doesn't find a 404/500 route defined, it will just send the appropriate header. The 500 route will be executed if there is any exceptions thrown from the controllers/methods/functions/closure called.


function notFound() :void
{
	echo 'This page is missing';
}

function errorFound() :void
{
	echo 'Oops, something went wrong, try again later';
}

function mainPage() :void
{
	throw new Exception('Meh? :(');
}

Link::all( Map{
	'/' => Map{'mainPage' => []},
	'404' => Map{'notFound' => []},
	'500' => Map{'errorFound' => []}
});

License

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

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