Treetop S-Expression Parser
This is a very small & simple demonstration parser built using Treetop. It is meant solely to teach the very basics of implementing a grammar in Treetop, not as an actual parser for S-Expressions (which is why it's not packaged as a gem, and why it has no tests).
A real parser should improve in several main areas:
Test coverage: Unit tests are vital for parsers.
Performance: This example is slow in the extreme compared to simpler parsing methods, a real parser should be performant.
Error reporting: Even the best written parser is a complete pain if it doesn't have intelligent error reporting.
Usage and Examples
The parser takes a string like this:
(this is (the number 1 ("example s-expression")))
and turns it into a structured array that represents the input data:
[:this, :is, [:the, :number, 1, ["example s-expression"]]]
To use the parser simply call the parse() method and supply a string:
example = '(s-expression 1)' ast = Parser.parse(example) # => [:s-expression, 1]
The Core Grammar
For easy reference the core grammar of the parser is reproduced here:
grammar Sexp rule expression space? '(' body ')' space? <Expression> end rule body (expression / identifier / float / integer / string / space )* <Body> end rule integer ('+' / '-')? [0-9]+ <IntegerLiteral> end rule float ('+' / '-')? [0-9]+ (('.' [0-9]+) / ('e' [0-9]+)) <FloatLiteral> end rule string '"' ([^"\\] / "\\" . )* '"' <StringLiteral> end rule identifier [a-zA-Z\=\*] [a-zA-Z0-9_\=\*]* <Identifier> end rule space [\s]+ end end
For more info visit the Treetop website, and have a read through the source-code of this parser (don't worry, there isn't much of it!).
Author & Credits