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Chicken egg that implements automatic differentiation

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This is a Chicken Scheme egg which implements automatic differentiation by lifitng mathematical operations. This egg uses a hack to declare all lifted operations as both a macro and a procedure. The macro provides specialization for the two-argument case. This package originates in Jeff Siskind's QobiScheme.

#### Derivatives

(derivative-R f)
(derivative-F f)
These take a function f from a real number to a real number and produce a function which returns the derivative of f. Both forward and reverse mode are supported.

As above but these take functions that accept a vector of reals and return a real number. This will produce a vector of partial derivatives. Both forward and reverse mode are supported.

#### Operations

```  + - * / = > < >= <= add1 sub1 signum exp log sin cos atan expt sqrt abs
max min positive? negative? odd? even? zero? real? exact? inexact?
inexact->exact exact->inexact finite?
```

These operations are lifted.

```  tan acos asin quotient modulo remainder numerator denominator gcd lcm
floor ceiling truncate round
```

These operations are not lifted.

(lift-real->real f df/dx x)
(lift-real*real->real f df/dx1 df/dx2 x1 x2)
These are useful if you want to lift your own functions. They take the original function, functions that produce partial derivatives and values for each of the arguments of the original function.

### Examples

```  ((derivative-F (lambda (x) (* x x))) 2)
=> 4.0
```

```  ((gradient-F (lambda (x) (+ (* (vector-ref x 0) (vector-ref x 0))
(/ (vector-ref x 1) (vector-ref x 1)))))
'#(2 3))
=> #(4.0 0.0)
```

```   Copyright 1993-1995 University of Toronto. All rights reserved.
```

Contact Andrei Barbu, andrei@0xab.com

```   This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License
along with this program.  If not, see http://www.gnu.org/licenses.
```

Chicken egg that implements automatic differentiation

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