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libstyxe C++ standard License

TravisCI Codecov Coverity Coverage Status LGTM

A library for parsing 9P2000 protocol messages.

library: a collection of types, functions, classes, etc. implementing a set of facilities (abstractions) meant to be potentially used as part of more that one program. From Cpp Code guidelines gloassay

9P is a distributed resource sharing protocol developed as part of the Plan 9 research operating system at AT&T Bell Laboratories (now a part of Lucent Technologies) by the Computer Science Research Center. It can be used to distributed file systems, devices, and application services. It was designed as an interface to both local and remote resources, making the transition from local to cluster to grid resources transparent. From RFC 9P2000

This library contains C++17 implementation of 9P message parser and writer. It is not a complete 9P server as no IO capabilities is included. For an example implementation of a 9P server using ASIO please check hello world of 9p servers - serving json over 9P: mjstyxfs. For ASIO base IO and async event look please consider using libapsio library that take care of networking.

Parser implementation is based on 9P documentation. Also following extensions are supported

Using this library

To create 9P message:

The library is using Solace::ByteWriter / Solace::ByteReader to read/write byte streams. Note that this adaptors do not allocate memory. So the user is responsible for creating a buffer of appropriate size to write the resulting message to. Note that the size of the target buffer should be no more then negotiated message size for the current session.

#include <styxe/styxe.hpp>

Solace::ByteWriter byteWriter{...};

// Write TVersion request message into the output buffer
styxe::RequestWriter requestWriter{byteWriter, 1};
requestWriter << Request::Version{parser.maxMessageSize(), _9P2000U::kProtocolVersion}

// Write TOpen request into the given destination buffer
styxe::RequestWriter requestWriter{buffer, 1};
requestWriter << Open{42, styxe::OpenMode::READ)};

Parsing 9P message from a byte buffer:

Parsing of 9P protocol messages differ slightly depending on if you are implementing server - expecting request type messages - or a client - parsing server responses.

Parsing requests (server side):

styxe::Parser parser{...};
Solace::ByteReader byteReader{...};
auto maybeHeader = parser.parseMessageHeader{byteReader};
if (!maybeHeader) {
    LOG() << "Failed to parse message header";
    return maybeHeader.getError();

auto maybeMessage = parser.parseRequest(*maybeHeader, byteReader);
if (!maybeMessage) {
    LOG() << "Failed to parse message";
    return maybeMessage.getError();


Alternatively you can prefer fluent interface:

styxe::Parser parser{...};
Solace::ByteReader byteReader{...};
    .then([&](styxe::MessageHeader header) {
        return parser.parseRequest(header, byteReader)
    .orElse([](Error&& err) {
        std::cerr << "Error parsing request: " << err << std::endl;

Client side: parsing responses from a server

styxe::Parser parser{...};
    .then([&](styxe::MessageHeader header) {
        return parser.parseResponse(header, byteReader)
    .orElse([](Error&& err) {
        std::cerr << "Error parsing response: " << err << std::endl;

See examples for other example usage of this library.

Using the library from your project.

This library needs to be installed on your system in order to be used. There are a few ways this can be done:

  • You can install the pre-built version via Conan package manager. (Recommended)
  • You can build it from sources and install it locally.
  • You can install a pre-built version via your system package manager such as deb/apt if it is available in your system repository.

Consuming library with Conan

The library is available via Conan package manager. Add this to your project conanfile.txt:


Please check the latest available [binary version][conan-central-latest].


This library depends on libsolace for low level data manipulation primitives such as ByteReader/ByteWriter and Result<> type. Since it is only a 9P protocol parser - there is dependency on the IO. It is library users responsibility to provide data stream.


Note test framework used is gtest and it is managed via git modules. Don't forget to do git submodule update --init --recursive on a new checkout to pull sub-module dependencies.


Build tool dependencies

In order to build this project following tools must be present in the system:

  • git (to check out project and it’s external modules, see dependencies section)
  • cmake - user for build script generation
  • ninja (opional, used by default)
  • doxygen (opional, for documentation generation)
  • cppcheck (opional, but recommended for static code analysis, latest version from git is used as part of the 'codecheck' step)
  • cpplint (opional, for static code analysis in addition to cppcheck)
  • valgrind (opional, for runtime code quality verification)

This project is using C++17 features extensively. The minimal tested/required version of gcc is gcc-7. CI is using clang-6 and gcc-7. To install build tools on Debian based Linux distribution:

sudo apt-get update -qq
sudo apt-get install git doxygen python-pip valgrind ggcov
sudo pip install cpplint

The library has one external dependency: libsolace which is managed via conan. Please make sure conan is installed on your system if you want to build this project.

Building the project

# In the project check-out directory:
# To build debug version with sanitizer enabled (recommended for development)
./configure --enable-debug --enable-sanitizer

# To build the library it self

# To build and run unit tests:
make test

# To run valgrind on test suit:
# Note: `valgrind` doesn’t work with ./configure --enable-sanitize option
make verify

# To build API documentation using doxygen:
make doc

To install locally for testing:

make --prefix=/user/home/<username>/test/lib install

To install system wide (as root):

make install

To run code quality check before submission of a patch:

# Verify code quality before submission
make codecheck

Contributing changes

The framework is work in progress and contributions are very welcomed. Please see for details on how to contribute to this project.

Please note that in order to maintain code quality a set of static code analysis tools is used as part of the build process. Thus all contributions must be verified by this tools before PR can be accepted.


The library available under Apache License 2.0 Please see LICENSE for details.


Please see AUTHORS file for the list of contributors.