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README.md

Ably Flutter Plugin

https://pub.dev/packages/ably_flutter .github/workflows/check.yaml .github/workflows/docs.yml .github/workflows/flutter_integration.yaml .github/workflows/flutter_example_app.yaml

Ably is the platform that powers synchronized digital experiences in realtime. Whether attending an event in a virtual venue, receiving realtime financial information, or monitoring live car performance data – consumers simply expect realtime digital experiences as standard. Ably provides a suite of APIs to build, extend, and deliver powerful digital experiences in realtime for more than 250 million devices across 80 countries each month. Organizations like Bloomberg, HubSpot, Verizon, and Hopin depend on Ably’s platform to offload the growing complexity of business-critical realtime data synchronization at global scale. For more information, see the Ably documentation.

Overview

A Flutter plugin for Ably, built on top of Ably's iOS and Android SDKs.

Running the example

Authorization in the example app

There are two different ways the example application can be configured to use Ably services:

  1. Without the Ably SDK key: the application will request a sandbox key provision from Ably server at startup, but be aware that:

    • provisioned key may not support all features available in Ably SDK.
    • provisioned keys aren't able to use Ably push notifications. This feature requires APNS and FCM identifiers to be registered for Ably instance, which can't be done with sandbox applications
    • provisioned key will change on application restart
  2. With the Ably SDK key: you can create a free account on ably.com and then use your API key from there in the example app. This approach will give you much more control over the API capabilities and grant access to development console, where API communication can be conveniently inspected.

Android Studio / IntelliJ Idea

Under the run/ debug configuration drop down menu, click Edit Configurations.... Duplicate the Example App (Duplicate and modify) configuration. Leave the "Store as project file" unchecked to avoid committing your Ably API key into a repository. Update this new run configuration's additional run args with your ably API key. Run or debug the your new run/ debug configuration.

Drop down menu for Run/Debug Configurations in Android Studio

Run/Debug Configurations window in Android Studio

Visual Studio Code

  • Under Run and Debug,
    • Select the gear icon to view launch.json
    • Find Example App launch configuration
    • Add your Ably API key to the configurations.args, i.e. replace replace_with_your_api_key with your own Ably API key.
    • Choose a device to launch the app:
      • to launch on a device, make sure it is the only device plugged in.
      • to run on a specific device when you have multiple plugged in, add another element to the configuration.args value, with --device-id=replace_with_device_id. Make sure to replace replace_with_your_device with your device ID from flutter devices.
  • From Run and Debug select the Example App configuration and run it

Command Line using the Flutter Tool

  • Change into the example app directory: cd example
  • Install dependencies: flutter pub get
  • Launch the application: flutter run --dart-define ABLY_API_KEY=put_your_ably_api_key_here, remembering to replace put_your_ably_api_key_here with your own API key.
    • To choose a specific device when more than one are connected: get your device ID using flutter devices, and then running flutter run --dart-define=ABLY_API_KEY=put_your_ably_api_key_here --device-id replace_with_device_id

Push Notifications

By default, push-related components in the sample app won't work on Android, because of a dummy google-services.json file. In order to use push messaging features of Ably SDK, additional FCM/APNS configuration is required.

See PushNotifications.md for detailed information on getting PN working with the example app.

Installation

See requirements for a list of prerequisites

Specify Dependency

In pubspec.yaml file:

dependencies:
  ably_flutter: ^1.2.15

Import the package

import 'package:ably_flutter/ably_flutter.dart' as ably;

Usage

Also available in examples for pub.dev examples page

Authentication

Authentication using API Key

// Create an instance of ClientOptions with Ably key
final clientOptions = ably.ClientOptions(key: '<KEY>');

// Use ClientOptions to create Realtime or REST instance
ably.Realtime realtime = ably.Realtime(options: clientOptions);
ably.Rest rest = ably.Rest(options: clientOptions);

Also see docs: Auth and Security: Basic authentication

Token Authentication

Supplying a TokenCallback:

// Create an instance of ClientOptions with Ably token and authCallback
ably.ClientOptions clientOptions = ably.ClientOptions(
    key: '<TOKEN>', 
    clientId: '<CLIENT>', // Optional
    authCallback: (ably.TokenParams tokenParams) async {
        // `createTokenRequest` should be implemented to communicate with user server
        ably.TokenRequest tokenRequest = await createTokenRequest(tokenParams);
        // `authCallback` has to return an instance of TokenRequest
        return tokenRequest;
    }
);

// Use ClientOptions to create Realtime or REST instance
ably.Realtime realtime = ably.Realtime(options: clientOptions);
ably.Rest rest = ably.Rest(options: clientOptions);

Also see docs: Auth and Security: Token authentication

Realtime instance

Create an instance of the Realtime Client

ably.Realtime realtime = ably.Realtime(options: clientOptions);

Read Realtime time

DateTime time = realtime.time()

Connection state

Listen for all connection state events

realtime.connection
    .on()
    .listen((ably.ConnectionStateChange stateChange) async {
        // Handle connection state change events
    });

Listen for particular connection state event

realtime.connection
    .on(ably.ConnectionEvent.connected) // Any type of `ConnectionEvent` can be specified
    .listen((ably.ConnectionStateChange stateChange) async {
        // Handle connection state change events
    });

Realtime channel

Create instance of Realtime channel

ably.RealtimeChannel channel = realtime.channels.get('channel-name');

Attach and detach from channel

await channel.attach()
await channel.detach()

Channel state

Listen for all channel state events

channel
    .on()
    .listen((ably.ChannelStateChange stateChange) async {
        // Handle channel state change events
    });

Listen for particular channel state event

channel
    .on(ably.ChannelEvent.failed) // Any type of `ConnectionEvent` can be specified
    .listen((ably.ChannelStateChange stateChange) async {
        // Handle channel state change events
    });

Channel messages

Listen for all messages

StreamSubscription<ably.Message> subscription = 
    channel
        .subscribe()
        .listen((ably.Message message) {
            // Handle channel message
        });

Listen for message with selected name

StreamSubscription<ably.Message> subscription = 
    channel
        .subscribe(name: 'event1')
        .listen((ably.Message message) {
            // Handle channel messages with name 'event1'
        });

Listen for messages with a set of selected names

StreamSubscription<ably.Message> subscription =
    channel
        .subscribe(names: ['event1', 'event2'])
        .listen((ably.Message message) {
            // Handle channel messages with name 'event1' or `event2`
        });

Stop listening for messages

await subscription.cancel()

Publish single message on channel

// Publish simple message
await channel.publish(
    name: "event1",
    data: "hello world",
);

// Publish message data as json-encodable object
await channel.publish(
    name: "event1",
    data: {
        "hello": "world",
        "hey": "ably",
    },
);

// Publish message as array of json-encodable objects
await channel.publish(
    name: "event1",
    data: [
        {
        "hello": {
            "world": true,
        },
        "ably": {
            "serious": "realtime",
        },
    ],
);

// Publish message as an `ably.Message` object
await channel.publish(
    message: ably.Message(
        name: "event1",
        data: {
            "hello": "world",
        }
    ),
);

Publish multiple messages on channel

await channel.publish(
    messages: [
        ably.Message(
            name: "event1",
            data: {
                "hello": "world",
            }
        ),
        ably.Message(
            name: "event1",
            data: {
                "hello": "ably",
            }
        ),
    ],
);

Channel history

Read channel history

// Get channel history with default parameters
ably.PaginatedResult<ably.Message> history = await channel.history()

// Get channel history with custom parameters
ably.PaginatedResult<ably.Message> filteredHistory = await channel.history(
    ably.RealtimeHistoryParams(
        direction: 'forwards',
        limit: 10,
    )
)

Realtime presence

Enter Realtime presence

// Enter using client ID from `ClientOptions`
await channel.presence.enter();

// Enter using client ID from `ClientOptions` with additional data
await channel.presence.enter("hello");
await channel.presence.enter([1, 2, 3]);
await channel.presence.enter({"key": "value"});

// Enter with specified client ID
await channel.presence.enterClient("user1");

// Enter with specified client ID and additional data
await channel.presence.enterClient("user1", "hello");
await channel.presence.enterClient("user1", [1, 2, 3]);
await channel.presence.enterClient("user1", {"key": "value"});

Update Realtime presence

// Update using client ID from `ClientOptions`
await channel.presence.update();

// Update using client ID from `ClientOptions` with additional data
await channel.presence.update("hello");
await channel.presence.update([1, 2, 3]);
await channel.presence.update({"key": "value"});

// Update with specified client ID
await channel.presence.updateClient("user1");

// Update with specified client ID and additional data
await channel.presence.updateClient("user1", "hello");
await channel.presence.updateClient("user1", [1, 2, 3]);
await channel.presence.updateClient("user1", {"key": "value"});

Leave Realtime presence

// Leave using client ID from `ClientOptions`
await channel.presence.leave();

// Leave using client ID from `ClientOptions` with additional data
await channel.presence.leave("hello");
await channel.presence.leave([1, 2, 3]);
await channel.presence.leave({"key": "value"});

// Leave with specified client ID
await channel.presence.leaveClient("user1");

// Leave with specified client ID and additional data
await channel.presence.leaveClient("user1", "hello");
await channel.presence.leaveClient("user1", [1, 2, 3]);
await channel.presence.leaveClient("user1", {"key": "value"});

Get Realtime presence

// Get all presence messages
List<ably.PresenceMessage> presenceMessages = await channel.presence.get();

// Get presence messages with specific Client ID
presenceMessages = await channel.presence.get(
    ably.RealtimePresenceParams(
        clientId: 'clientId',
    ),
);

// Get presence messages with specific Connection ID
presenceMessages = await channel.presence.get(
    ably.RealtimePresenceParams(
        connectionId: 'connectionId',
    ),
);

Read Realtime presence history

// Get presence history with default parameters
ably.PaginatedResult<ably.PresenceMessage> history = await channel.presence.history()

// Get presence history with custom parameters
ably.PaginatedResult<ably.PresenceMessage> filteredHistory = await channel.presence.history(
    ably.RealtimeHistoryParams(
        direction: 'forwards',
        limit: 10,
    )
)

Listen for all Realtime presence messages

StreamSubscription<ably.PresenceMessage> subscription =
    channel
        .presence
        .subscribe()
        .listen((presenceMessage) {
            // Handle presence message
        },
);

Listen for a particular presence message

StreamSubscription<ably.PresenceMessage> subscription =
    channel
        .presence
        .subscribe(action: PresenceAction.enter)
        .listen((presenceMessage) {
            // Handle `enter` presence message
        },
);

Listen for a set of particular presence messages

StreamSubscription<ably.PresenceMessage> subscription =
    channel
        .presence
        .subscribe(actions: [
            PresenceAction.enter,
            PresenceAction.update,
        ])
        .listen((presenceMessage) {
            // Handle `enter` and `update` presence message
        },
);

REST instance

Create an instance of the REST Client

ably.Rest rest = ably.Rest(options: clientOptions);

Read REST time

DateTime time = rest.time()

REST channel

Create instance of REST channel

ably.RestChannel channel = rest.channels.get('channel-name');

REST channel messages

Publish single message on REST channel

// Publish simple message
await channel.publish(
    name: "event1",
    data: "hello world",
);

// Publish message data as json-encodable object
await channel.publish(
    name: "event1",
    data: {
        "hello": "world",
        "hey": "ably",
    },
);

// Publish message as array of json-encodable objects
await channel.publish(
    name: "event1",
    data: [
        {
        "hello": {
            "world": true,
        },
        "ably": {
            "serious": "realtime",
        },
    ],
);

// Publish message as an `ably.Message` object
await channel.publish(
    message: ably.Message(
        name: "event1",
        data: {
            "hello": "world",
        }
    ),
);

Publish multiple messages on REST channel

await channel.publish(
    messages: [
        ably.Message(
            name: "event1",
            data: {
                "hello": "world",
            }
        ),
        ably.Message(
            name: "event1",
            data: {
                "hello": "ably",
            }
        ),
    ],
);

REST channel history

Read REST channel history

// Get channel history with default parameters
ably.PaginatedResult<ably.Message> history = await channel.history()

// Get channel history with custom parameters
ably.PaginatedResult<ably.Message> filteredHistory = await channel.history(
    ably.RestHistoryParams(
        direction: 'forwards',
        limit: 10,
    )
)

REST presence

Get REST presence

// Get all presence messages
List<ably.PresenceMessage> presenceMessages = await channel.presence.get();

// Get presence messages with specific Client ID
presenceMessages = await channel.presence.get(
    ably.RestPresenceParams(
        clientId: 'clientId',
    ),
);

// Get presence messages with specific Connection ID
presenceMessages = await channel.presence.get(
    ably.RestPresenceParams(
        connectionId: 'connectionId',
    ),
);

Read REST presence history

// Get presence history with default parameters
ably.PaginatedResult<ably.PresenceMessage> history = await channel.presence.history();

// Get presence history with custom parameters
ably.PaginatedResult<ably.PresenceMessage> filteredHistory = await channel.presence.history(
    ably.RestHistoryParams(
        direction: 'forwards',
        limit: 10,
    )
);

PaginatedResult handling

Get items on current page

// Example PaginatedResult returned from channel history
ably.PaginatedResult<ably.Message> paginatedResult = await channel.history(params);

// Get list of items from result
List<ably.Message> items = paginatedResult.items;

Get next page if available

// Example PaginatedResult returned from channel history
ably.PaginatedResult<ably.Message> paginatedResult = await channel.history(params);

// Check if next page is available
bool hasNextPage = paginatedResult.hasNext();

// Fetch next page if it's available
if (hasNextPage) {    
  paginatedResult = await paginatedResult.next();
}

Encryption

Create CipherParams

String key = 'base64EncodedKey'; // Can also be an UInt8List
CipherParams cipherParams = ably.Crypto.getDefaultParams(key: key);

Setup encryption on a channel

// For Realtime
RealtimeChannelOptions realtimeChannelOptions = ably.RealtimeChannelOptions(cipherParams: cipherParams);
RealtimeChannel channel = realtime.channels.get("channel-name");
channel.setOptions(realtimeChannelOptions)

// For REST
RestChannelOptions restChannelOptions = ably.RestChannelOptions(cipherParams: cipherParams);
RestChannel channel = rest.channels.get("channel-name");
channel.setOptions(restChannelOptions)

Handling push notifications

See PushNotifications.md for detailed information on using PN with this plugin.

Resources

Requirements

Flutter Runtime Requirements

Flutter 2.5.0 or higher is required.

iOS Runtime Requirements

iOS 10 or newer.

Android Runtime Requirements

API Level 19 (Android 4.4, KitKat) or newer.

This project uses Java 8 language features, utilizing Desugaring to support lower versions of the Android runtime (i.e. API Levels prior to 24)

If your project needs support for SDK Version lower than 24, Android Gradle Plugin 4.0.0+ must be used. You might also need to upgrade gradle distribution accordingly.

Updating to a newer version

When increasing the version of ably_flutter in your pubspec.yaml, there may be breaking changes. To migrate code across these breaking changes, follow the updating / migration guide.

Feature support

See Ably feature support matrix for a list of features supported by this SDK.

Known limitations

Missing features

Features that we do not currently support, but we do plan to add in the future:

  • Ably token generation (#105)
  • REST and Realtime Stats (#106)
  • Push Notifications Admin (#109)

RTE6a compliance

Using the Streams based approach doesn't fully conform with RTE6a from our client library features specification.

StreamSubscription subscriptionToBeCancelled;

// Listener registered 1st
realtime.connection.on().listen((ably.ConnectionStateChange stateChange) async {
  if (stateChange.event == ably.ConnectionEvent.connected) {
    await subscriptionToBeCancelled.cancel();       // Cancelling 2nd listener
  }
});

// Listener registered 2nd
subscriptionToBeCancelled = realtime.connection.on().listen((ably.ConnectionStateChange stateChange) async {
  print('State changed');
});

In the example above, the 2nd listener is cancelled when the 1st listener is notified about the "connected" event. As per RTE6a, the 2nd listener should also be triggered. It will not be as the 2nd listener was registered after the 1st listener and stream subscription is cancelled immediately after 1st listener is triggered.

This wouldn't have happened if the 2nd listener had been registered before the 1st was.

The Workaround - Cancelling using delay

Instead of await subscriptionToBeCancelled.cancel();, use

Future<void>.delayed(Duration.zero, () {
    subscriptionToBeCancelled.cancel();
});

Support, feedback and troubleshooting

Please visit ably.com/support for access to our knowledge base and to ask for any assistance.

To see what has changed in recent versions, see the CHANGELOG.

Contributing

For guidance on how to contribute to this project, see CONTRIBUTING.md.