Minimal Python IDE for GNU Emacs
Emacs Lisp Python
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James Wang lpy.el: Fix heading regexps
Fix the issue that level n regexp also matches level n+1 headings.
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README.org

lpy

Deceptively minimalistic Python IDE for GNU Emacs.

Introduction

Q: How many keys does it take to define/redefine a Python function? A: One - e.

Arrow navigation

Q: Does this also apply to classes, import statements, for loops and plain one liners? A: Of course.

Q: How many keys does it take to move to the next Python function? A: One - j.

Q: Does this also apply to classes, import statements, for loops and plain one liners? A: Of course.

Q: So, how do I eval a statement, move to the second statement, and eval the second statement? A: eje.

Q: How to move back to the first statement? A: k.

Q: How do I descent into a compound statement, like def? A: l.

Q: How do I ascent back? A: h.

Q: Back to eval, how do I eval something that’s not a compound statement? A: Mark as much legal code as you like with a region and press e.

Q: Any shortcut for marking a symbol in order to eval it? A: M-m.

Semantic navigation

Q: How can I select a top-level symbol in the current file? A: g.

Q: How do I follow to the current symbol’s definition? A: M-..

Q: How do I go back from there? A: =M-,=.

Q: Does =M-,= also bring me back after g? A: Yes.

Eval in more detail

Q: Where do I see the result of the eval? A: In the minibuffer.

Q: What if the result of the operation is None? A: Then (ok) is printed to confirm that the operation went through.

Q: What if an uncaught exception is thrown? A: The exception will be displayed in the minibuffer, highlighted in red.

Q: Is it possible to be productive without ever seeing the REPL buffer? A: Yes.

Q: How do I see the REPL buffer? A: C-c C-z.

Q: Can I have more than one REPL session? A: Yes, use xp to select session or start a new one.

Q: Does pressing e on a variable assignment output nothing because the result is None? A: No, magic is used to make it print the new value of the variable.

Q: Where else is e magical? A: e on __file__ will print the actual file name.

Q: Any more? A: e on a single line return statement will print the return result.

Q: How do I insert the result of the eval into the buffer? A: E.

Q: How do I insert the result of the eval into the buffer as a comment? A: 2e.

Debugging

Q: How do I step into an expression? A: xj.

Q: Where does this work? A: Function or method call, possibly with the result being assigned to a variable.

Q: What does that do exactly? A: Evaluate the function arguments, jump to the function definition, and store the function arguments into global variable with appropriate names.

Q: So if all I have is sys.argv I can use xj (combined with j, l and e) to step into my program as deep as I want? A: Yes.

Q: What if I just want to place a breakpoint to speed things up? A: To place a breakpoint, throw any exception. Then, enter ok.uncrash() into the REPL.

Q: ok.uncrash() sounds weird, how can I see how it works? A: Enter into the REPL: os.path.realpath(42) which will raise an exception a few functions down the line. Then enter import ok; ok.uncrash().

Q: Wait, so this is like pdb? A: Yes, very similar.

Q: So why go through the trouble? A: To get global variable context and proceed with e and j.

Q: Got it. Anyway, I see File "/usr/lib/python2.7/posixpath.py", line 61, Frame [3/3]:, what does it mean? A: realpath called _joinrealpath, which called isabs, which raised an Exception.

Q: Three functions (realpath, _joinrealpath, and isabs), that’s what 3/3 means. And I’m in isabs now? A: Yes.

Q: How do I open the source code for isabs? A: It’s a link: use the mouse or ace-link or next-error.

Q: I’m at the definition of isabs now, was its argument value stored somewhere? A: Yes, if you eval s, you get 42 - the value that propagated from os.path.realpath(42).

Q: isabs is boring. How do I go up the stack? A: Enter up into the REPL.

Q: I entered up, and now the frame is 2/3 and I’m at def _joinrealpath(path, rest, seen). Does this mean I can eval path, rest, and seen since they were propagated from the os.path.realpath(42) call? A: Yes.

Q: And entering up again will bring me to 1/3 and realpath? A: Yes.

Q: How do I go back down stack? A: Enter dn.

Notebooks

Q: Is this like IPython? A: Yes.

Q: But it’s different how? A: You use Emacs instead of a browser, and the cells are self-contained in comments.

Q: Sounds nice, but I’m not sold yet? A: It’s like Org-mode embedded in Python code.

Q: So I can fold / unfold each cell? A: Yes.

Q: And eval/reeval it with e? A: Yes.

Q: How about organizing cells in a hierarchy? A: Also possible.

Q: And e works on the hierarchy as well? A: Yes.

Q: Are cells actually called different or something? A: Yes, they’re outlines.

Q: How do I make an outline named Includes? A: Enter #* Includes.

Q: And like in Org-mode, the amount of stars is that outline’s level? A: Yes.

Q: Do M-left and M-right work like in Org-mode for promotion/demotion? A: Yes.

Q: How to fold/unfold an outline? A: i.

Q: How do I fold/unfold all outlines? A: I.

Q: How do I make a table of contents? A: 2I.

Q: When I press e on an outline it evaluates itself and the result is echoed; how do I make the result insert itself into the buffer instead? A: End the outline name in : (semicolon)

Q: How do I clean up all inserted results? A: M-x lpy-clean.

Q: Any more neat stuff about outlines? A: Yes, outlines are structured statements and parents to the top-level statements.

Q: So j / k and h / l, and even e treat outlines as statements? Neat. A: Yeah.

Completion

Q: How do I get completion at point? A: Press C-M-i.

Q: Is this static completion or does it depend on the REPL state? A: Both. The static one is more convenient and is tried first. But the dynamic one is very reliable, since it knows exactly on which type of object you’re operating.

Q: But dynamic completion won’t work unless my current object has a value in the REPL? A: Correct.

Q: What’s used for static completion? A: Jedi.

Inline hints

Q: How do I look up the function arguments of the current function? A: Toggle C-2.

Q: What about the docstring? A: Toggle C-1.