A PHP parser for serialized data, to be able to "peek" into serialize strings.
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README.md

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SerializeParser

A PHP parser for serialized data, to be able to "peek" into serialized strings.

Purpose

I had a bunch of PHP serialized data in the database, and needed to inspect that data for presenting information to the administrator. There appeared to be no way to interpret this data in PHP without instantiating all the objects that were in that data, and I did not want to do that, and did not have all the classes handy anyway.

There is a setting that will allow you to replace missing classes with another class, but that would still mean instantiating those classes that could be found.

So here we are, a simple parser that takes a serialized data string, and tries to deserialize it, but replacing all objects with a stdClass so we are not instantiating classes that have no business being instantiated, or classes that may not even exist in the application.

How to Use

Here is a simple example:

// Create a complex array/object/string/number/boolean to serialize.

$obj = new \Academe\SerializeParser\StringReader('xyz');
$obj->foo = true;

$data = [
    'a' => 1,
    [
        'foo' => 'bar',
        $obj,
        'b' => false,
    ],
];

$serialized = serialize($data);

// Take a look a how PHP has serialised it.

echo $serialized;
// a:3:{s:1:"a";i:1;i:0;a:3:{s:3:"foo";s:3:"bar";i:0;O:36:"Academe\SerializeParser\StringReader":4:{s:6:"*pos";i:0;s:6:"*max";i:2;s:9:"*string";s:3:"xyz";s:3:"foo";b:1;}i:1;O:7:"myClass":2:{s:12:"*protected";s:4:"prot";s:16:"myClassprivate";s:4:"priv";}}s:1:"b";b:0;}

// Somewhat beautified:

/*
a:3:{
    s:1:"a";i:1;
    i:0;a:3:{
        s:3:"foo";s:3:"bar";
        i:0;O:36:"Academe\SerializeParser\StringReader":4:{
            s:6:"*pos";i:0;
            s:6:"*max";i:2;
            s:9:"*string";s:3:"xyz";
            s:3:"foo";b:1;
        }
        i:1;O:7:"myClass":2:{
            s:12:"*protected";s:4:"prot";
            s:16:"myClassprivate";s:4:"priv";
        }
    }
    s:1:"b";b:0;
}
*/

// Now parse it to look at what it inside, without instantiating the
// original objects in it.

$parser = new \Academe\SerializeParser\Parser;
$parsed = $parser->parse($serialized);

var_dump($parsed);

/*
array(3) {
  ["a"]=>
  int(1)
  [0]=>
  array(3) {
    ["foo"]=>
    string(3) "bar"
    [0]=>
    object(stdClass)#6 (5) {
      ["__class_name"]=>
      string(36) "Academe\SerializeParser\StringReader"
      ["pos"]=>
      int(0)
      ["max"]=>
      int(2)
      ["string"]=>
      string(3) "xyz"
      ["foo"]=>
      bool(true)
    }
    [1]=>
    object(stdClass)#7 (3) {
      ["__class_name"]=>
      string(7) "myClass"
      ["protected"]=>
      string(4) "prot"
      ["private"]=>
      string(4) "priv"
    }
  }
  ["b"]=>
  bool(false)
}
*/

Note that the StringReader class has been unserialized as stdClass and the original name moved to attribute __class_name. The protected and private attributes are all also present and accessible (though the final parsed structure does not show which were protected or private - maybe a metadata attribute could list those?).

Remember, the purpose of this is not to reconstruct the original data as an accurate representation. It is to allow the data to be inspected and some key values pulled out for logging, showing to the user etc.

TODO

  • Maybe make the Parser::parse() method static.
  • Make the StringReader a little more efficient. Efficiency was not key in getting this working.
  • Inject the string reader so it can be mocked for testing.

Want to Help?

If you fancy writing some tests, have found a bug, or can extend it to handle more cases of serialized data, then please feel free to get involved. PRs, issues, or just email me - whatever you like.

Source Specification

The only source specification for how serialization works, is the PHP source code. However, there are a number of serialized parsers written for langauegs other than PHP that work, and have been derived from that code. I have ported this code from some of those packages.

This is not complete, so will not handle references for example, but does enough of the simple stuff for my needs.