Java 9, Jigsaw Example Suite
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README.md

Java 9 Jigsaw modules example suite

Info

Written by Martin Lehmann, Kristine Schaal and Rüdiger Grammes

see https://github.com/accso/java9-jigsaw-examples

What is this about?

This is a example suite for Java 9 jigsaw modules. Many aspects of the new Java 9 Jigsaw modules as defined in Project Jigsaw by JSR 376 and JEP 261.

All the examples have been successfully tested with Windows (64bit), Linux and MacOSX - running Java 9 and Java 10. Eclipse projects can be used with Eclipse Oxygen.1 4.7.1a. The three Maven examples need Maven 3.5.2. The Gradle example needs at least Gradle 4.6 (if run with JDK10) or 4.2.1 (if run with JDK9).

Setup

  1. Clone this repo.
  2. Install a Java 9 JDK with Jigsaw support. All examples have been tested with Java 9 build 181, 9.0.1+11, 9.0.4+11 and also JDK 10, all on Windows 10-x64
  3. Install GraphViz 2.38.
  4. Install Maven 3.5.2. Note that this is needed for example_maven-project, example_maven_blackbox and example_maven_whitebox only.
  5. Install Gradle 4.6, for JDK10 or Gradle 4.2.1 for JDK9. Note that this is needed for example_gradle-project only.
  6. If running on Windows, install a bash, like for example Babun
  7. To generate the GraphViz graphs, you also need to clone and compile depvis.
  8. Edit file env.sh to configure JAVA_HOME and JAVA_HOME_JDK8 and GRAPHVIZ_HOME and MAVEN_HOME and GRADLE_HOME and DEPVIS_HOME (see TODO markers)
  9. Also edit file env.sh to configure the path separator. If run on Windows, use ; (a blackslash quoting a ;). If you run all stuff on *nix, use a colon : .
  10. Call one of the scripts on the top level, i.e. one of allclean.sh, allcompile.sh, allcreatevis.sh and allrun.sh (or all.sh for all in one step).
  11. Alternatively, cd to one of the examples and call one of the scripts there (again all.sh for all in one step).

Note that all scripts have been tested with bash only. There might be minor issues with the *.sh scripts whenever they call each other. To be sure, you should use all of these clean, compile, run, test etc. scripts in a bash.

Overall conventions

  1. Scripts in top level directory all*.sh call the corresponding scripts recursively
  2. Scripts in each example are all.sh, clean.sh, compile*.sh, run*.sh
  3. Script createvis.sh in each example creates a GraphViz visualiation, see https://github.com/accso/java9-jigsaw-depvis
  4. Eclipse project files are included. Per convention: one module == one Eclipse project. Putting them all in one workspace will not work, because their names, i.e. Eclipse project names, do overlap which is not allowed in one workspace.
  5. Source files are in example_.../src. That's the module-source-path.
  6. Compiled .class files go to example_.../mods.
  7. JAR files go to example_.../mlib. That's the module-path when run.
  8. Third-party JAR files are in example_.../amlib. That's also the module-path, in this case containing automatic modules.
  9. A few examples do compile "old-style" without modules. Results go to example_.../classes.
  10. If a module is patched, then the .class files for the patch are in example_.../patches. Corresponding JAR files are in example_.../patchlib.

TODOs, LOP, Backlog, Ideas, ...

No software is ready, ever ;-) So here are some ideas left (any other feedback very welcome!):

  • Do a bit of renaming and refactoring of module names. (modmain had been moda before, so that's why most modules are called modb, modc, ...)
  • New example for open modules
  • New example for Java agents and instrumentation
  • New example for test coverage when doing whitebox tests
  • Fix this problem: Update to JDK10 works fine except the example_spring-hibernate because of a compile problem. See readme.md there for details. Needs probably Maven/Plugin updates, to be done soon.
  • Update the Spring-Hibernate and Spring Boot example to use new, JDK9/10-ready libraries

Example Overview

Examples Description Related Examples
Examples on the declaration of modules example_naming-modules Which naming conventions exist for modules? Which names are not allowed?
example_annotations How can one specify annotations and deprecation for modules?
Examples on basic module reads and exports attributes example_requires_exports_requires-transitive_exports-to How does requires, requires transitive and qualified exports look like? all other examples in this section
example_requires-static How does requires static look like? all other examples in this section
example_requires_exports How does requires and exports look like? all other examples in this section
example_requires_exports-to How does requires and qualified exports look like? all other examples in this section
example_reflection How do reflection calls look like? all other examples in this section
Examples on dynamic binding with uses/provides example_uses-provides How does uses-provides look like? all other examples in this section
example_uses-provides_uses-in-client How does uses-provides look like, when uses is separated from the interface? all other examples in this section
Examples on accessibility and (non) exported packages example_derived_private-package-protected What happens, when classes / packages in a module are exported, but their sub/super classes are not? all other examples in this section
example_exceptions What happens, when exceptions are thrown to classes outside the module but their package is not exported? all other examples in this section
example_interface-callback What happens, when outside the module a callback implementation is called which package is not exported? all other examples in this section
Examples on specificing add* options example_addExports_manifest How can we use --add-exports in a manifest file for the Java launcher? all other examples in this section
example_addReads_addExports How can we use --add-reads and --add-exports for Javac compiler and Java launcher all other examples in this section
example_addReads_addExports_reflection How can we use --add-reads and --add-exports for reflection calls? all other examples in this section
Examples on automatic modules example_automatic-module-logging How to automatic modules (for logging) look like? example_splitpackage_automatic-modules
Examples on restricting the access to resources in other modules example_resources Which resources in modules are accessible, which are not?
Examples on the split package problem example_splitpackage What happens when one has a split package problem at compile / at runtime? all other examples in this section
example_splitpackage_automatic-modules What happens when one Automatic Module automatically reads all other Automatic Modules on the module path and hence creates an unwanted split package problem? example_automatic-module-logging, all other examples in this section
Examples on resolution of modules, layers and visibility of modules between layers example_jerrymouse How can a "app server" JerryMouse (sic!) load and start modules, as a kind of module starter/container? all other examples in this section
example_resolved-modules Which modules are resolved? Usage of jlink all other examples in this section
example_layer-hierarchy How can one create a hiearchy of layers automatically and add modules (d naming conventions)? all other examples in this section
example_layer-modules-all-in-boot-layer How does the boot layer look like containing a bunch of modules? all other examples in this section
example_layer-modules-grouped-in-hierarchy How does a small hiearchy of layers look like when one explicitely distributes a bunch of modules to these layers? all other examples in this section
Examples on testing example_test How can one achieve blackbox and whitebox testing? all other examples in this section
example_maven-test-blackbox How can one achieve blackbox testing with Maven? all other examples in this section
example_maven-test-whitebox How can one achieve whitebox testing with Maven? all other examples in this section
example_patch How can we patch a module at compile / runtime? all other examples in this section
Examples on Main classes example_hiddenmain Is it possible that one can call a Main class which is in a non-exported package?
Examples on access from and to the classpath (i.e. the unnamed module) example_unnamed-module_access-from-automatic-module Can a Automatic Module access the classpath (i.e. the unnamed module)? all other examples in this section
example_unnamed-module_access-from-explicit-module Can a Explicit Module access the classpath (i.e. the unnamed module)? all other examples in this section
example_unnamed-module_access-from-explicit-module-reflection Can a Explicit Module access the classpath (i.e. the unnamed module) via reflection? all other examples in this section
example_unnamed-module-reflection-illegal-access Can the classpath (i.e. the unnamed module) access concealed packages in the JDK and what happens when the JDK "kill switch" is activated? all other examples in this section
example_unnamed-module_accessing-module-path Can the classpath (i.e. the unnamed module) access modules on the module path? all other examples in this section
Examples on build systems example_gradle-project How can one use Gradle 4.2.1 for building a modularized project? all other examples in this section
example_maven-project How can one use Maven 3.5.2 for building a modularized project? all other examples in this section
Examples on porting applications from Java8 to Java9 example_spring-hibernate How does the migration of a Spring Boot application with a bunch of Maven plugins look like and where do we have to tweak / change in comparison to Java 8?
example_compile-target-jdk8 What happens when one compiles with JDK9 with or without targeting a Java release 9 or 8?
Examples on non-Jigsaw topics example_version How does the new Java 9 version string (cf JEP 223) look like?

Overview on Tools and Libs

The examples have been used and tested with these tools and libraries (on Windows 10, Linux, MacOSX):

Tool Version Used for Remark Link
JDK 9 b181, 9.0.1, 9.0.4 and 10 all examples at compile and runtime http://jdk.java.net/9/ and http://jdk.java.net/10/
JDK 1.8.0_144 only needed for example_compile-target-jdk8 http://jdk.java.net/8/
Maven 3.5.2 Maven examples Note that we use Maven compiler plugin 3.7.0 https://maven.apache.org/download.cgi
Gradle 4.2.1 with JDK9, 4.6 with JDK10 Gradle example https://github.com/gradle/gradle
Eclipse 4.7.1a (Oxygen.1a) and 4.7.3a (Oxygen.3a) all examples https://www.eclipse.org/
Junit 4.12 all test examples together with Hamcrest 1.3
Spring Boot, various libs various only in example_spring-hibernate refer to POM.xml in this example
GraphViz 2.38 visualizing the module graph http://www.graphviz.org/
DepVis 0.3 visualizing the module graph, provides the .dot file as input for GraphViz https://github.com/accso/java9-jigsaw-depvis

Note that these are the versions with with we have tested the example suite. Older or newer versions might also work but we did not try.

Changelog

Migration to Eclipse 4.7.3a Oxygen.3a

  • Eclipse 4.7.3a Oxygen.3a as of April 2018 has been tested, all start*.sh scripts have hence be renamed. Eclipse 4.7.1a Oxygen.1a should still work (despite the script name). Note that from 4.7.3a on, Eclipse is supposed to work with JDK10.
  • !!! Note that Eclipse 4.7.1a Oxygen.1a still works fine with all examples.

Migration to Eclipse 4.7.3 Oxygen.3

  • Eclipse 4.7.3 Oxygen.3 as of March 2018 has been tested, all start*.sh scripts have hence be renamed. Eclipse 4.7.1a Oxygen.1a should still work (despite the script name). Note that Eclipse only works with JDK9: Though Eclipse can be started with JDK10, one then sees compile errors when compiling the examples in Eclipse.
  • !!! Note that Eclipse 4.7.1a Oxygen.1a still works fine with all examples.

Migration to final JDK 10 (Release)

  • Migrated examples to Java 10 2018-03-20, Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment 18.3 (build 10+46)
  • All works fine except the example_spring-hibernate because of a compile problem. See readme.md there for details. Needs probably Maven/Plugin updates, to be done soon.
  • !!! Note that JDK 9 (like 9.0.4) still works fine with all examples.

Migration to JDK 10+43 (OpenJDK) (Release)

  • Gradle needed an update to 4.6 as the JDK 10 class format could not be read with Gradle 4.2.1 (see also here).
  • Gradle scripts in project example_gradle-project now also include a --info --stacktrace for more info and error output

Migration to JDK 9.0.4 (Release)

No changes necessary

Cleanup

All kinds of scripts, code, environment settings etc. were checked and lots of cleanup was done. Nothing critical but looks "fresher" now. Some changes:

  • Maven 3.7.0 compiler plugin used now in all maven projects
  • Refactoring of the maven test examples: New name is now example_maven-test-blackbox and example_maven-test-whitebox
  • Maven settings template file checked to all maven projects
  • Gradle build without the daemon
  • Gradle environment variable GRADLE_USER_HOME introduced, as $HOME is not handled correctly on cygwin systems
  • Refactoring of the example which shows that automatic modules can access the classpath, now in example_unnamed-module_access-from-automatic-module
  • All scripts' calls to java, javac, jar etc. now redirected STDERR to STDOUT to make sure that both standard and error output are printed in order (otherwise some exception output is printed very early and now below the call as expected)
  • Cleanup of Eclipse dependencies and Build paths whereever possible (not easy when e.g. a mixture of explicit modules and/or automatic modules and/or classpath code has to be built in Eclipse)
  • Cleanup of Eclipse launch files (and also renamed them not to have any whitespace in their .launch file name)
  • All kind of cleanup like better comments, a bit more separating whitespaces or separating lines in the output
  • Deleted example_requires-transitive_exports (obsolete as all of its contents is covered by example_requires_exports_requires-transitive_exports-to already)

Migration to JDK 9.0.1 (Release)

No changes necessary

Upgrade to DepVis 0.3

Now with print and visualization output like printing uses and provides, printing concealed packages, showing opens and opens-to etc. See DepVis Readme for details

New and enhanced examples

  • example_unnamed-module-reflection-illegal-access is new, shows the usage of the "kill switch"
  • example_requires-static is new, shows the usage of the "requires static"

Enhanced examples

  • example_resources is fixed, now works as expected
  • Various other cleanups, refactorings, corrections all over the place
  • example_jerry-mouse limits its apps to a whitelist and only uses them, if they work
  • All examples which can be used as an app in example_jerry-mouse: Its modmain is now an "open module" (instead of "opens pkgmain")

Migration to JDK 9 b181 (Release)

  • --patch-module replaces -Xmodule for javac
  • Upgrade maven-compiler-plugin to 3.6.2
  • Adapted to new automatic module name algorithm

Migration to JDK 9 b162

  • changes in API (java.lang.reflect.Module is now java.lang.Module, java.lang.reflect.Layer is now java.lang.ModuleLayer)

Migration to JDK 9 b156

  • changes in API (Configuration.resolve instead of Configuration.resolveRequires)
  • no more java.compact1 profile available (was used in example_resolved-modules)
  • all javac calls now use -Xlint
  • note that compiler and launcher now show various warnings (not sure if this is because of b156 or because of "javac -Xlint")

Migration to JDK 9 b148

  • no changes necessary, everything seems still to work as in b144

Migration to JDK 9 b144

  • "opens" instead of "exports dynamic" and "weak modules"
  • "requires transitive" instead of "requires public"

Related projects

DepVis, see https://github.com/accso/java9-jigsaw-depvis : Visualization tool for Jigsaw modules

License

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.

You may obtain a copy of the License at

http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.