A React utility belt for function components and higher-order components.
JavaScript
Latest commit c68853e Jan 10, 2017 @umidbekkarimov umidbekkarimov committed with istarkov Сomplete props stream before unmounting. (#303)
* Сomplete props stream before unmounting.

Closes #220

* Do not pass second argument in `propsEmitter`

README.md

Recompose

build status coverage code climate npm version npm downloads recompose channel on discord

Recompose is a React utility belt for function components and higher-order components. Think of it like lodash for React.

Full API documentation - Learn about each helper

Recompose Base Fiddle - Easy way to dive in

npm install recompose --save

📺 Watch Andrew's talk on Recompose at React Europe.

Related modules

recompose-relay — Recompose helpers for Relay

You can use Recompose to...

...lift state into functional wrappers

Helpers like withState() and withReducer() provide a nicer way to express state updates:

const enhance = withState('counter', 'setCounter', 0)
const Counter = enhance(({ counter, setCounter }) =>
  <div>
    Count: {counter}
    <button onClick={() => setCounter(n => n + 1)}>Increment</button>
    <button onClick={() => setCounter(n => n - 1)}>Decrement</button>
  </div>
)

Or with a Redux-style reducer:

const counterReducer = (count, action) => {
  switch (action.type) {
  case INCREMENT:
    return count + 1
  case DECREMENT:
    return count - 1
  default:
    return count
  }
}

const enhance = withReducer('counter', 'dispatch', counterReducer, 0)
const Counter = enhance(({ counter, dispatch }) =>
  <div>
    Count: {counter}
    <button onClick={() => dispatch({ type: INCREMENT })}>Increment</button>
    <button onClick={() => dispatch({ type: DECREMENT })}>Decrement</button>
  </div>
)

...perform the most common React patterns

Helpers like componentFromProp() and withContext() encapsulate common React patterns into a simple functional interface:

const enhance = defaultProps({ component: 'button' })
const Button = enhance(componentFromProp('component'))

<Button /> // renders <button>
<Button component={Link} /> // renders <Link />
const provide = store => withContext(
  { store: PropTypes.object },
  () => ({ store })
)

// Apply to base component
// Descendants of App have access to context.store
const AppWithContext = provide(store)(App)

...optimize rendering performance

No need to write a new class just to implement shouldComponentUpdate(). Recompose helpers like pure() and onlyUpdateForKeys() do this for you:

// A component that is expensive to render
const ExpensiveComponent = ({ propA, propB }) => {...}

// Optimized version of same component, using shallow comparison of props
// Same effect as React's PureRenderMixin
const OptimizedComponent = pure(ExpensiveComponent)

// Even more optimized: only updates if specific prop keys have changed
const HyperOptimizedComponent = onlyUpdateForKeys(['propA', 'propB'])(ExpensiveComponent)

...interoperate with other libraries

Recompose helpers integrate really nicely with external libraries like Relay, Redux, and RxJS

const enhance = compose(
  // This is a Recompose-friendly version of Relay.createContainer(), provided by recompose-relay
  createContainer({
    fragments: {
      post: () => Relay.QL`
        fragment on Post {
          title,
          content
        }
      `
    }
  }),
  flattenProp('post')
)

const Post = enhance(({ title, content }) =>
  <article>
    <h1>{title}</h1>
    <div>{content}</div>
  </article>
)

...build your own libraries

Many React libraries end up implementing the same utilities over and over again, like shallowEqual() and getDisplayName(). Recompose provides these utilities for you.

// Any Recompose module can be imported individually
import getDisplayName from 'recompose/getDisplayName'
ConnectedComponent.displayName = `connect(${getDisplayName(BaseComponent)})`

// Or, even better:
import wrapDisplayName from 'recompose/wrapDisplayName'
ConnectedComponent.displayName = wrapDisplayName(BaseComponent, 'connect')

import toClass from 'recompose/toClass'
// Converts a function component to a class component, e.g. so it can be given
// a ref. Returns class components as is.
const ClassComponent = toClass(FunctionComponent)

...and more

API docs

Read them here

Why

Forget ES6 classes vs. createClass().

An idiomatic React application consists mostly of function components.

const Greeting = props =>
  <p>
    Hello, {props.name}!
  </p>

Function components have several key advantages:

  • They help prevent abuse of the setState() API, favoring props instead.
  • They encourage the "smart" vs. "dumb" component pattern.
  • They encourage code that is more reusable and modular.
  • They discourage giant, complicated components that do too many things.
  • In the future, they will allow React to make performance optimizations by avoiding unnecessary checks and memory allocations.

(Note that although Recompose encourages the use of function components whenever possible, it works with normal React components as well.)

Higher-order components made easy

Most of the time when we talk about composition in React, we're talking about composition of components. For example, a <Blog> component may be composed of many <Post> components, which are composed of many <Comment> components.

Recompose focuses on another unit of composition: higher-order components (HoCs). HoCs are functions that accept a base component and return a new component with additional functionality. They can be used to abstract common tasks into reusable pieces.

Recompose provides a toolkit of helper functions for creating higher-order components.

Should I use this? Performance and other concerns

Usage

All functions are available on the top-level export.

import { compose, mapProps, withState /* ... */ } from 'recompose'

Composition

Recompose helpers are designed to be composable:

const BaseComponent = props => {...}

// This will work, but it's tedious
let EnhancedComponent = pure(BaseComponent)
EnhancedComponent = mapProps(/*...args*/)(EnhancedComponent)
EnhancedComponent = withState(/*...args*/)(EnhancedComponent)

// Do this instead
// Note that the order has reversed — props flow from top to bottom
const enhance = compose(
  withState(/*...args*/),
  mapProps(/*...args*/),
  pure
)
const EnhancedComponent = enhance(BaseComponent)

Technically, this also means you can use them as decorators (if that's your thing):

@withState(/*...args*/)
@mapProps(/*...args*/)
@pure
class Component extends React.Component {...}

Optimizing bundle size

You can reduce your bundle size by only including the modules that you need.

All top-level exports can be imported individually:

import compose from 'recompose/compose'
import mapProps from 'recompose/mapProps'
import withState from 'recompose/withState'
// ... and so on

This is the recommended import pattern for library authors.

Using babel-lodash-plugin

babel-lodash-plugin is not only limited to lodash. It can be used with recompose as well.

This can be done by updating lodash config in .babelrc.

 {
-  "plugins": ["lodash"]
+  "plugins": [
+    ["lodash", { id: ["lodash", "recompose"] }]
+  ]
 }

After that, you can do imports like below without actually including the entire library content.

import { compose, mapProps, withState } from 'recompose'

Feedback wanted

Project is still in the early stages. Please file an issue or submit a PR if you have suggestions! Or ping me (Andrew Clark) on Twitter.

Getting Help

For support or usage questions like “how do I do X with Recompose” and “my code doesn't work”, please search and ask on StackOverflow with a Recompose tag first.

We ask you to do this because StackOverflow has a much better job at keeping popular questions visible. Unfortunately good answers get lost and outdated on GitHub.

Some questions take a long time to get an answer. If your question gets closed or you don't get a reply on StackOverflow for longer than a few days, we encourage you to post an issue linking to your question. We will close your issue but this will give people watching the repo an opportunity to see your question and reply to it on StackOverflow if they know the answer.

Please be considerate when doing this as this is not the primary purpose of the issue tracker.

Help Us Help You

On both websites, it is a good idea to structure your code and question in a way that is easy to read to entice people to answer it. For example, we encourage you to use syntax highlighting, indentation, and split text in paragraphs.

Please keep in mind that people spend their free time trying to help you. You can make it easier for them if you provide versions of the relevant libraries and a runnable small project reproducing your issue. You can put your code on JSBin or, for bigger projects, on GitHub. Make sure all the necessary dependencies are declared in package.json so anyone can run npm install && npm start and reproduce your issue.