Setup and configure r10k for use with git based environments in puppet
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README.md

r10k Configuration Module

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Table of Contents

  1. Overview
  2. Module Description - What the module does and why it is useful
  3. Setup - The basics of getting started with r10k
  4. Usage - Configuration options and additional functionality
  5. Reference - An under-the-hood peek at what the module is doing and how
  6. Limitations - OS compatibility, etc.
  7. Development - Guide for contributing to the module

Overview

This module was built to install and configure r10k. It has a base class to configure r10k to synchronize dynamic environments. It also has a series of lateral scripts and tools that assist in general workflow, that will be seperated into their own modules into the future.

Module Description

This module is meant to manage the installation and configuration of r10k using multiple installation methods on multiple platforms.

Setup

Please refer to the official r10k docs for specific configuration patterns.

Prefix Example

Instead of passing a single remote, you can pass a puppet hash as the sources parameter. This allows you to configure r10k with prefix support. This often used when multiple teams use seperate repos, or if hiera and puppet are distributed across two repos.

class { 'r10k':
  sources => {
    'webteam' => {
      'remote'  => 'ssh://git@github.com/webteam/somerepo.git',
      'basedir' => "${::settings::confdir}/environments",
      'prefix'  => true,
    },
    'secteam' => {
      'remote'  => 'ssh://git@github.com/secteam/someotherrepo.git',
      'basedir' => '/some/other/basedir',
      'prefix'  => true,
    },
  },
}

What r10k affects

  • Installation of the r10k gem
  • Installation of git
  • Installation of ruby when not using an existing ruby stack i.e. when using pe_gem or puppet_gem
  • Installation of ruby if not using an existing ruby stack i.e. when using pe_gem or puppet_gem.
  • Management of the r10k.yaml in /etc
  • Installation and configuration of a sinatra app when using the webhook.

Version chart

Gem installation is pinned to a default version in this module, the following chart shows the gem installation tested with the respective module version. You can override this by passing the version parameter.

Module Version r10k Version
Next Major Latest Version
v3.0.x 1.5.1
v2.8.2 1.5.1
v2.7.x 1.5.1
v2.6.5 1.4.1
v2.5.4 1.4.0
v2.4.4 1.3.5
v2.3.1 1.3.4
v2.3.0 1.3.2
v2.2.8 1.3.1
v2.2.x 1.1.0

Setup Requirements

r10k connects via ssh and does so silently in the background, this typically requires ssh keys to be deployed in advance of configuring r10k. This includes the known host ( public ) key of the respective git server, and the user running r10k's private key used to authenticate git/ssh during background runs.

Here is an example of deploying the ssh keys needed for r10k to connect to a repo called puppet/control on a gitlab server. This is helpful when you need to automatically deploy new masters

#https://docs.puppetlabs.com/references/latest/type.html#sshkey
sshkey { "your.internal.gitlab.server.com":
  ensure => present,
  type   => "ssh-rsa",
  target => "/root/.ssh/known_hosts",
  key    => "...+dffsfHQ=="
}

# https://github.com/abrader/abrader-gms
git_deploy_key { 'add_deploy_key_to_puppet_control':
  ensure       => present,
  name         => $::fqdn,
  path         => '/root/.ssh/id_dsa.pub',
  token        => hiera('gitlab_api_token'),
  project_name => 'puppet/control',
  server_url   => 'http://your.internal.gitlab.server.com',
  provider     => 'gitlab',
}

A simple example of creating an ssh private key would use an exec to call yes y | ssh-keygen -t dsa -C "r10k" -f /root/.ssh/id_dsa -q -N ''. The example above shows using git_deploy_key which would deploy that key to the remote git server via its api. This is often required in the programtic creation of compile masters.

Given r10k will likely be downloading your modules, often on the first server it's run on, you will have to puppet apply this module to bootstrap this configuration and allow for ongoing management from there.

Beginning with r10k

The simplest example of using it would be to declare a single remote that would be written to r10k.yaml.

class { 'r10k':
  remote => 'git@github.com:someuser/puppet.git',
}

This will configure /etc/r10k.yaml and install the r10k gem after installing ruby using the puppetlabs/ruby module.

It also supports installation via multiple providers, such as installation in the puppet_enterprise ruby stack in versions less than 3.8

Installing into the puppet enterprise ruby stack in PE 3.x

class { 'r10k':
  remote   => 'git@github.com:someuser/puppet.git',
  provider => 'pe_gem',
}

Note: On Puppet Enterprise 3.8 and higher the package is not declared as 3.8 ships with an embdedded r10k gem installed via the PE packages. To install r10k on a PE 3.8+ non-master, set puppet_master to false for the main r10k class (e.g. to use r10k with Razor)

Installing into the Puppet Enterprise ruby stack in PE 2015.x

class { 'r10k':
  remote   => 'git@github.com:someuser/puppet.git',
  provider => 'puppet_gem',
}

Note: It is recommended you migrate to using the pe_r10k module which is basically a clone of this modules features and file tickets for anything missing.

Usage

Installing using a proxy server

Mcollective Support

alt tag

An mcollective agent is included in this module which can be used to do on demand synchronization. This mcollective application and agent can be installed on all masters using the following class Note: You must have mcollective already configured for this tool to work, Puppet Enterprise users will automatically have mcollective configured. This class does not restart the mcollective or pe-mcollective server on the nodes to which it is applied, so you may need to restart mcollective for it to see the newly installed r10k agent.

include r10k::mcollective

Using mco you can then trigger mcollective to call r10k using

mco r10k synchronize

You can sync an individual environment using:

mco r10k deploy <environment>

Note: This implies -p

You can sync an individual module using:

mco r10k deploy_module <module>

If you are required to run r10k as a specific user, you can do so by passing the user parameter:

mco r10k synchronize user=r10k

To obtain the output of running the shell command, run the agent like this:

mco rpc r10k synchronize -v

An example post-receive hook is included in the files directory. This hook can automatically cause code to synchronize on your servers at time of push in git. More modern git systems use webhooks, for those see below.

Install mcollective support for post receive hooks

Install the mco command from the puppet enterprise installation directory i.e.

cd ~/puppet-enterprise-3.0.1-el-6-x86_64/packages/el-6-x86_64
sudo rpm -i pe-mcollective-client-2.2.4-2.pe.el6.noarch.rpm

Copy the peadmin mcollective configuration and private keys from the certificate authority (puppet master)

/var/lib/peadmin/.mcollective
/var/lib/peadmin/.mcollective.d/mcollective-public.pem
/var/lib/peadmin/.mcollective.d/peadmin-cacert.pem
/var/lib/peadmin/.mcollective.d/peadmin-cert.pem
/var/lib/peadmin/.mcollective.d/peadmin-private.pem
/var/lib/peadmin/.mcollective.d/peadmin-public.pem

Ensure you update the paths in ~/.mcollective when copying to new users whose name is not peadmin. Ideally mcollective will be used with more then just the peadmin user's certificate in the future. That said, if your git user does not have a home directory, you can rename .mcollective as /etc/client.cfg and copy the certs to somewhere that is readable by the respective user.

/home/gitolite/.mcollective
/home/gitolite/.mcollective.d/mcollective-public.pem
/home/gitolite/.mcollective.d/peadmin-cacert.pem
/home/gitolite/.mcollective.d/peadmin-cert.pem
/home/gitolite/.mcollective.d/peadmin-private.pem
/home/gitolite/.mcollective.d/peadmin-public.pem

Note: PE2 only requires the .mcollective file as the default auth was psk

Removing the mcollective agent

class { 'r10k::mcollective':
  ensure => false,
}

This will remove the mcollective agent/application and ddl files from disk. This likely would be if you are migrating to Code managerin Puppet Enterprise.

Webhook Support

alt tag
For version control systems that use web driven post-receive processes you can use the example webhook included in this module. This webhook currently only runs on Puppet Enterprise and uses mcollective to automatically synchronize your environment across multiple masters. The webhook must be configured on the respective "control" repository a master that has mco installed and can contact the other masters in your fleet.

Webhook Github Enterprise - Non Authenticated

This is an example of using the webhook without authentication. The git_webhook type will use the api token to add the webhook to the "control" repo that contains your puppetfile. This is typically useful when you want to automate the addtion of the webhook to the repo.

# Required unless you disable mcollective
include r10k::mcollective
# Internal webhooks often don't need authentication and ssl
# Change the url below if this is changed
class {'r10k::webhook::config':
  enable_ssl     => false,
  protected      => false,
}

class {'r10k::webhook':
  require => Class['r10k::webhook::config'],
}

# https://github.com/abrader/abrader-gms
# Add webhook to control repository ( the repo where the Puppetfile lives )
git_webhook { 'web_post_receive_webhook' :
  ensure       => present,
  webhook_url  => 'http://master.of.masters:8088/payload',
  token        =>  hiera('github_api_token'),
  project_name => 'organization/control',
  server_url   => 'https://your.github.enterprise.com',
  provider     => 'github',
}


# Add webhook to module repo if we are tracking branch in Puppetfile i.e.
# mod 'module_name',
#  :git    => 'http://github.com/organization/puppet-module_name',
#  :branch => 'master'
# The module name is determined from the repo name , i.e. <puppet-><module_name>
# All characters with left and including any hyphen are removed i.e. <puppet->
git_webhook { 'web_post_receive_webhook_for_module' :
  ensure       => present,
  webhook_url  => 'http://master.of.masters:8088/module',
  token        =>  hiera('github_api_token'),
  project_name => 'organization/puppet-module_name',
  server_url   => 'https://your.github.enterprise.com',
  provider     => 'github',
}

Webhook Github Example - Authenticated

This is an example of using the webhook with authentication The git_webhook type will use the api token to add the webhook to the "control" repo that contains your puppetfile. This is typically useful when you want to automate the addtion of the webhook to the repo.

# Required unless you disable mcollective
include r10k::mcollective

# External webhooks often need authentication and ssl and authentication
# Change the url below if this is changed

class {'r10k::webhook::config':
  enable_ssl => true,
  protected  => true,
  notify     => Service['webhook'],
}

class {'r10k::webhook':
  require => Class['r10k::webhook::config'],
}

# https://github.com/abrader/abrader-gms
# Add webhook to control repository ( the repo where the Puppetfile lives )
# Requires gms 0.0.6+ for disable_ssl_verify param
git_webhook { 'web_post_receive_webhook' :
  ensure             => present,
  webhook_url        => 'https://puppet:puppet@hole.in.firewall:8088/payload',
  token              =>  hiera('github_api_token'),
  project_name       => 'organization/control',
  server_url         => 'https://api.github.com',
  disable_ssl_verify => true,
  provider           => 'github',
}

# Add webhook to module repo if we are tracking branch in Puppetfile i.e.
# mod 'module_name',
#  :git    => 'http://github.com/organization/puppet-module_name',
#  :branch => 'master'
# The module name is determined from the repo name , i.e. <puppet-><module_name>
# All characters with left and including any hyphen are removed i.e. <puppet->
git_webhook { 'web_post_receive_webhook_for_module' :
  ensure       => present,
  webhook_url  => 'https://puppet:puppet@hole.in.firewall:8088/module',
  token        =>  hiera('github_api_token'),
  project_name => 'organization/puppet-module_name',
  server_url   => 'https://api.github.com',
  disable_ssl_verify => true,
  provider     => 'github',
}

GitHub Secret Support

GitHub webhooks allow the use of a secret value that gets hashed against the payload to pass a signature in the request X-Hub-Signature header. To support the secret with the webhook do the following type of configuration.

class { 'r10k::webhook::config':
  protected     => false,
  github_secret => 'THISISTHEGITHUBWEBHOOKSECRET',
}

class { 'r10k::webhook':
  require => Class['r10k::webhook::config'],
}

Webhook - remove webhook init script and config file.

Moving to Code manager, and removing webhook

class {'r10k::webhook::config':
  ensure => false,
}

class {'r10k::webhook':
  ensure => false,
}

Running without mcollective

If you have only a single master, you may want to have the webhook run r10k directly rather then as peadmin via mcollective. This requires you to run as the user that can perform r10k commands which is typically root. The peadmin certificate no longer is managed or required.

# Instead of running via mco, run r10k directly
class {'r10k::webhook::config':
  use_mcollective => false,
}

# The hook needs to run as root when not running using mcollective
# It will issue r10k deploy environment <branch_from_gitlab_payload> -p
# When git pushes happen.
class {'r10k::webhook':
  use_mcollective => false,
  user            => 'root',
  group           => '0',
  require         => Class['r10k::webhook::config'],
}

Webhook Prefix Example

The following is an example of declaring the webhook when r10k prefixing are enabled.

prefix_command.rb

This script is fed the github/gitlab payload in via stdin. This script is meant to return the prefix as its output. This is needed as the payload does not contain the r10k prefix. The simplest way to determine the prefix is to use the remote url in the payload and find the respective key in r10k.yaml. An example prefix command is located in this repo here. Note that you may need to modify this script depending on your remote configuration to use one of the various remote styles.

file {'/usr/local/bin/prefix_command.rb':
  ensure => file,
  mode   => '0755',
  owner  => 'root',
  group  => '0',
  source => 'puppet:///modules/r10k/prefix_command.rb',
}

# Required unless you disable mcollective
include r10k::mcollective

class {'r10k::webhook::config':
  prefix         => true,
  prefix_command => '/usr/local/bin/prefix_command.rb',
  require        => File['/usr/local/bin/prefix_command.rb'],
}

class {'r10k::webhook':
  require => Class['r10k::webhook::config'],
}
# Deploy this webhook to your local gitlab server for the puppet/control repo.
# https://github.com/abrader/abrader-gms
git_webhook { 'web_post_receive_webhook' :
  ensure       => present,
  webhook_url  => 'https://puppet:puppet@master.of.masters:8088/payload',
  token        =>  hiera('gitlab_api_token'),
  project_name => 'puppet/control',
  server_url   => 'http://your.internal.gitlab.com',
  provider     => 'gitlab',
}

Webhook FOSS support

Currently the webhook relies on existing certificates for its ssl configuration. See this following ticket for more information. Until then , its possible to re-use you existing FOSS mcollective certificates.

Here is an working example on Ubuntu 14.04.2 LTS

class { '::r10k::webhook::config':
  protected        => false,
  public_key_path  => '/etc/mcollective/server_public.pem',  # Mandatory for FOSS
  private_key_path => '/etc/mcollective/server_private.pem', # Mandatory for FOSS
  notify           => Service['webhook'],
}

class { '::r10k::webhook':
  user    => 'puppet',                                       # Mandatory for FOSS
  group   => 'puppet',                                       # Mandatory for FOSS
  require => Class['::r10k::webhook::config'],
}

Reference

Class: r10k

This is the main public class to be declared , handingly installation and configuration declarations

Parameters within r10k:

remote

A string to be passed in as the source with a hardcode prefix of puppet

sources

A hash of all sources, this gets read out into the file as yaml. Must not be declared with remote

cachedir

A single string setting the r10k.yaml configuration value of the same name

configfile

A path to the configuration file to manage. Be aware Puppet Enterprise 4.0 and higher may conflict if you manage /etc/puppetlabs/puppet/r10k.yaml

version

A value passed to the package resource for managing the gem version

modulepath

Deprecated: for older configfile environments configuration of modulepath in puppet.conf

manage_modulepath

Deprecated: declare a resource for managing modulepath in Puppet.conf

manage_ruby_dependency

When using system ruby , options on how to declare

r10k_basedir

This module requires the puppetlabs-ruby module. In the event that your environment already includes the module with some customization, you can use the manage_ruby_dependency parameter to adjust how this module expresses that requirement. The supported values are include,declare, or ignore. The values' behavior is outlined below:

  • declare default This will explicitly declare the ruby module. Additional declarations of the ruby module will result in an inability to compile a catalog.

  • include This will simply include the ruby module. When combined with class ordering, this will permit the user to manage the instantiation of the ruby module elsewhere, potentially with non-standard parameter values.

  • ignore This will assume that ruby is handled via some other mechanism than a puppet module named ruby. It is left to the user to insure the requirement be met.

    package_name

    The name of the package to be installed via the provider

provider

The supported installation modes for this module

  • portage
  • yum
  • bundle
  • pe_gem
  • puppet_gem
  • gem
  • zypper
gentoo_keywords

See r10k::install::portage class for more information

install_options

Options to pass to the provider declaration

mcollective

Install mcollective application and agents. This does NOT configure mcollective automatically

manage_configfile_symlink

Manage a symlink to the configuration file, for systems installed in weird file system configurations

git_settings

This is the git: key in r10k, it accepts a hash that can be used to configure rugged support.

    $git_settings = {
      'provider'    => 'rugged',
      'private_key' => '/root/.ssh/id_rsa',
    }

    class {'r10k':
      remote       => 'git@github.com:acidprime/puppet.git',
      git_settings => $git_settings,
    }
forge_settings

This is the forge: key in r10k, it accepts a hash that contains settings for downloading modules from the Puppet Forge.

    $forge_settings = {
      'proxy'   => 'https://proxy.example.com:3128',
      'baseurl' => 'https://forgeapi.puppetlabs.com',
    }

    class {'r10k':
      remote         => 'git@github.com:acidprime/puppet.git',
      forge_settings => $forge_settings,
    }
configfile_symlink

boolean if to manage symlink

include_prerun_command

Deprecated: Add prerun_command to puppet.conf to run r10k when the agent on the master runs. Suggest instead declaring r10k::postrun_command as that will run after the agent runs which prevents r10k from stopping configuration management of masters from occuring as it does with prerun_commands

include_postrun_command
r10k::include_postrun_command: true

The concept here is that this is declared on the puppet master(s) that have been configured with r10k. This will cause r10k to synchronize after each puppet run. Any errors synchronizing will be logged to the standard puppet run.

Limitations

This module is likely going to be broken up into 2/3 modules i.e. r10k_webhook, r10k_mcollective in the future. Puppet Enterprise 4.0 will likely being shipping its own configuration module for r10k and so this module will migrate to managing FOSS installations i.e. /etc/r10k.yaml vs PE's configuration file /etc/puppetlabs/puppet/r10k.yaml. As of PE 3.8 you can still use this module to manage the /etc/r10k.yaml file and it will be loaded but package/version management of r10k and its symlinks has been disabled to not conflict with the pe packages ability to install and upgrade the gem as part of Puppet Enterprise.

Support

Please log tickets and issues at our Projects site

Development

Contributing

Modules on the Puppet Forge are open projects, and community contributions are essential for keeping them great. We can’t access the huge number of platforms and myriad of hardware, software, and deployment configurations that Puppet is intended to serve.

We want to keep it as easy as possible to contribute changes so that our modules work in your environment. There are a few guidelines that we need contributors to follow so that we can have a chance of keeping on top of things.

Read the complete module contribution guide

Running tests

This project contains tests for rspec-puppet to verify functionality. For in-depth information please see their respective documentation.

Quickstart:

Ruby > 1.8.7

    gem install bundler
    bundle install
    bundle exec rake spec
    bundle exec rake lint

Ruby = 1.8.7

    gem install bundler
    bundle install --without system_tests
    bundle exec rake spec
    bundle exec rake lint

Check the .travis.yml for supported Operating System Versions

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Support via Gratipay