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/*! \file i2c.h \brief I2C interface using AVR Two-Wire Interface (TWI) hardware. */
// File Name : 'i2c.h'
// Title : I2C interface using AVR Two-Wire Interface (TWI) hardware
// Author : Pascal Stang - Copyright (C) 2002-2003
// Created : 2002.06.25
// Revised : 2003.03.03
// Version : 0.9
// Target MCU : Atmel AVR series
// Editor Tabs : 4
/// \ingroup driver_avr
/// \defgroup i2c I2C Serial Interface Function Library (i2c.c)
/// \code #include "i2c.h" \endcode
/// \par Overview
/// This library provides the high-level functions needed to use the I2C
/// serial interface supported by the hardware of several AVR processors.
/// The library is functional but has not been exhaustively tested yet and is
/// still expanding.  Thanks to the standardization of the I2C protocol and
/// register access, the send and receive commands are everything you need to
/// talk to thousands of different I2C devices including: EEPROMS, Flash memory,
/// MP3 players, A/D and D/A converters, electronic potentiometers, etc.
/// \par About I2C
/// I2C (pronounced "eye-squared-see") is a two-wire bidirectional
/// network designed for easy transfer of information between a wide variety
/// of intelligent devices. Many of the Atmel AVR series processors have
/// hardware support for transmitting and receiving using an I2C-type bus.
/// In addition to the AVRs, there are thousands of other parts made by
/// manufacturers like Philips, Maxim, National, TI, etc that use I2C as
/// their primary means of communication and control. Common device types
/// are A/D & D/A converters, temp sensors, intelligent battery monitors,
/// MP3 decoder chips, EEPROM chips, multiplexing switches, etc.
/// I2C uses only two wires (SDA and SCL) to communicate bidirectionally
/// between devices. I2C is a multidrop network, meaning that you can have
/// several devices on a single bus. Because I2C uses a 7-bit number to
/// identify which device it wants to talk to, you cannot have more than
/// 127 devices on a single bus.
/// I2C ordinarily requires two 4.7K pull-up resistors to power (one each on
/// SDA and SCL), but for small numbers of devices (maybe 1-4), it is enough
/// to activate the internal pull-up resistors in the AVR processor. To do
/// this, set the port pins, which correspond to the I2C pins SDA/SCL, high.
/// For example, on the mega163, sbi(PORTC, 0); sbi(PORTC, 1);.
/// For complete information about I2C, see the Philips Semiconductor
/// website. They created I2C and have the largest family of devices that
/// work with I2C.
/// \Note: Many manufacturers market I2C bus devices under a different or generic
/// bus name like "Two-Wire Interface". This is because Philips still holds
/// "I2C" as a trademark. For example, SMBus and SMBus devices are hardware
/// compatible and closely related to I2C. They can be directly connected
/// to an I2C bus along with other I2C devices are are generally accessed in
/// the same way as I2C devices. SMBus is often found on modern motherboards
/// for temp sensing and other low-level control tasks.
// This code is distributed under the GNU Public License
// which can be found at
#ifndef I2C_H
#define I2C_H
#include "global.h"
// include project-specific configuration
#include "i2cconf.h"
// TWSR values (not bits)
// (taken from avr-libc twi.h - thank you Marek Michalkiewicz)
// Master
#define TW_START 0x08
#define TW_REP_START 0x10
// Master Transmitter
#define TW_MT_SLA_ACK 0x18
#define TW_MT_SLA_NACK 0x20
#define TW_MT_DATA_ACK 0x28
#define TW_MT_DATA_NACK 0x30
#define TW_MT_ARB_LOST 0x38
// Master Receiver
#define TW_MR_ARB_LOST 0x38
#define TW_MR_SLA_ACK 0x40
#define TW_MR_SLA_NACK 0x48
#define TW_MR_DATA_ACK 0x50
#define TW_MR_DATA_NACK 0x58
// Slave Transmitter
#define TW_ST_SLA_ACK 0xA8
#define TW_ST_DATA_ACK 0xB8
#define TW_ST_DATA_NACK 0xC0
#define TW_ST_LAST_DATA 0xC8
// Slave Receiver
#define TW_SR_SLA_ACK 0x60
#define TW_SR_ARB_LOST_SLA_ACK 0x68
#define TW_SR_GCALL_ACK 0x70
#define TW_SR_DATA_ACK 0x80
#define TW_SR_DATA_NACK 0x88
#define TW_SR_GCALL_DATA_ACK 0x90
#define TW_SR_GCALL_DATA_NACK 0x98
#define TW_SR_STOP 0xA0
// Misc
#define TW_NO_INFO 0xF8
#define TW_BUS_ERROR 0x00
// defines and constants
#define TWCR_CMD_MASK 0x0F
// return values
#define I2C_OK 0x00
#define I2C_ERROR_NODEV 0x01
// types
typedef enum
I2C_IDLE = 0, I2C_BUSY = 1,
} eI2cStateType;
// functions
//! Initialize I2C (TWI) interface
void i2cInit(void);
//! Set the I2C transaction bitrate (in KHz)
void i2cSetBitrate(u16 bitrateKHz);
// I2C setup and configurations commands
//! Set the local (AVR processor's) I2C device address
void i2cSetLocalDeviceAddr(u08 deviceAddr, u08 genCallEn);
//! Set the user function which handles receiving (incoming) data as a slave
void i2cSetSlaveReceiveHandler(void (*i2cSlaveRx_func)(u08 receiveDataLength, u08* recieveData));
//! Set the user function which handles transmitting (outgoing) data as a slave
void i2cSetSlaveTransmitHandler(u08 (*i2cSlaveTx_func)(u08 transmitDataLengthMax, u08* transmitData));
// Low-level I2C transaction commands
//! Send an I2C start condition in Master mode
void i2cSendStart(void);
//! Send an I2C stop condition in Master mode
void i2cSendStop(void);
//! Wait for current I2C operation to complete
void i2cWaitForComplete(void);
//! Send an (address|R/W) combination or a data byte over I2C
void i2cSendByte(u08 data);
//! Receive a data byte over I2C
// ackFlag = TRUE if recevied data should be ACK'ed
// ackFlag = FALSE if recevied data should be NACK'ed
void i2cReceiveByte(u08 ackFlag);
//! Pick up the data that was received with i2cReceiveByte()
u08 i2cGetReceivedByte(void);
//! Get current I2c bus status from TWSR
u08 i2cGetStatus(void);
// high-level I2C transaction commands
//! send I2C data to a device on the bus
void i2cMasterSend(u08 deviceAddr, u08 length, u08 *data);
//! receive I2C data from a device on the bus
void i2cMasterReceive(u08 deviceAddr, u08 length, u08* data);
//! send I2C data to a device on the bus (non-interrupt based)
u08 i2cMasterSendNI(u08 deviceAddr, u08 length, u08* data);
//! receive I2C data from a device on the bus (non-interrupt based)
u08 i2cMasterReceiveNI(u08 deviceAddr, u08 length, u08 *data);
//! Get the current high-level state of the I2C interface
eI2cStateType i2cGetState(void);