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require 'tempfile'
module RestClient
# This class is used internally by RestClient to send the request, but you can also
# access it internally if you'd like to use a method not directly supported by the
# main API. For example:
#
# RestClient::Request.execute(:method => :head, :url => 'http://example.com')
#
class Request
attr_reader :method, :url, :payload, :headers,
:cookies, :user, :password, :timeout, :open_timeout,
:verify_ssl, :ssl_client_cert, :ssl_client_key, :ssl_ca_file,
:raw_response
def self.execute(args)
new(args).execute
end
def initialize(args)
@method = args[:method] or raise ArgumentError, "must pass :method"
@url = args[:url] or raise ArgumentError, "must pass :url"
@headers = args[:headers] || {}
@cookies = @headers.delete(:cookies) || args[:cookies] || {}
@payload = process_payload(args[:payload])
@user = args[:user]
@password = args[:password]
@timeout = args[:timeout]
@open_timeout = args[:open_timeout]
@raw_response = args[:raw_response] || false
@verify_ssl = args[:verify_ssl] || false
@ssl_client_cert = args[:ssl_client_cert] || nil
@ssl_client_key = args[:ssl_client_key] || nil
@ssl_ca_file = args[:ssl_ca_file] || nil
@tf = nil # If you are a raw request, this is your tempfile
end
def execute
execute_inner
rescue Redirect => e
@url = e.url
@method = :get
@payload = nil
execute
end
def execute_inner
uri = parse_url_with_auth(url)
transmit uri, net_http_request_class(method).new(uri.request_uri, make_headers(headers)), payload
end
def make_headers(user_headers)
unless @cookies.empty?
user_headers[:cookie] = @cookies.map {|key, val| "#{key.to_s}=#{val}" }.join('; ')
end
default_headers.merge(user_headers).inject({}) do |final, (key, value)|
final[key.to_s.gsub(/_/, '-').capitalize] = value.to_s
final
end
end
def net_http_class
if RestClient.proxy
proxy_uri = URI.parse(RestClient.proxy)
Net::HTTP::Proxy(proxy_uri.host, proxy_uri.port, proxy_uri.user, proxy_uri.password)
else
Net::HTTP
end
end
def net_http_request_class(method)
Net::HTTP.const_get(method.to_s.capitalize)
end
def parse_url(url)
url = "http://#{url}" unless url.match(/^http/)
URI.parse(url)
end
def parse_url_with_auth(url)
uri = parse_url(url)
@user = uri.user if uri.user
@password = uri.password if uri.password
uri
end
def process_payload(p=nil, parent_key=nil)
unless p.is_a?(Hash)
p
else
@headers[:content_type] ||= 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'
p.keys.map do |k|
key = parent_key ? "#{parent_key}[#{k}]" : k
if p[k].is_a? Hash
process_payload(p[k], key)
else
value = URI.escape(p[k].to_s, Regexp.new("[^#{URI::PATTERN::UNRESERVED}]"))
"#{key}=#{value}"
end
end.join("&")
end
end
def transmit(uri, req, payload)
setup_credentials(req)
net = net_http_class.new(uri.host, uri.port)
net.use_ssl = uri.is_a?(URI::HTTPS)
if @verify_ssl == false
net.verify_mode = OpenSSL::SSL::VERIFY_NONE
elsif @verify_ssl.is_a? Integer
net.verify_mode = @verify_ssl
end
net.cert = @ssl_client_cert if @ssl_client_cert
net.key = @ssl_client_key if @ssl_client_key
net.ca_file = @ssl_ca_file if @ssl_ca_file
net.read_timeout = @timeout if @timeout
net.open_timeout = @open_timeout if @open_timeout
display_log request_log
net.start do |http|
res = http.request(req, payload) { |http_response| fetch_body(http_response) }
result = process_result(res)
display_log response_log(res)
if result.kind_of?(String) or @method == :head
Response.new(result, res)
elsif @raw_response
RawResponse.new(@tf, res)
else
nil
end
end
rescue EOFError
raise RestClient::ServerBrokeConnection
rescue Timeout::Error
raise RestClient::RequestTimeout
end
def setup_credentials(req)
req.basic_auth(user, password) if user
end
def fetch_body(http_response)
if @raw_response
# Taken from Chef, which as in turn...
# Stolen from http://www.ruby-forum.com/topic/166423
# Kudos to _why!
@tf = Tempfile.new("rest-client")
size, total = 0, http_response.header['Content-Length'].to_i
http_response.read_body do |chunk|
@tf.write(chunk)
size += chunk.size
if size == 0
display_log("#{@method} #{@url} done (0 length file)")
elsif total == 0
display_log("#{@method} #{@url} (zero content length)")
else
display_log("#{@method} #{@url} %d%% done (%d of %d)" % [(size * 100) / total, size, total])
end
end
@tf.close
@tf
else
http_response.read_body
end
http_response
end
def process_result(res)
if res.code =~ /\A2\d{2}\z/
# We don't decode raw requests
unless @raw_response
self.class.decode res['content-encoding'], res.body if res.body
end
elsif %w(301 302 303).include? res.code
url = res.header['Location']
if url !~ /^http/
uri = URI.parse(@url)
uri.path = "/#{url}".squeeze('/')
url = uri.to_s
end
raise Redirect, url
elsif res.code == "304"
raise NotModified, res
elsif res.code == "401"
raise Unauthorized, res
elsif res.code == "404"
raise ResourceNotFound, res
else
raise RequestFailed, res
end
end
def self.decode(content_encoding, body)
if content_encoding == 'gzip' and not body.empty?
Zlib::GzipReader.new(StringIO.new(body)).read
elsif content_encoding == 'deflate'
Zlib::Inflate.new.inflate(body)
else
body
end
end
def request_log
out = []
out << "RestClient.#{method} #{url.inspect}"
out << (payload.size > 100 ? "(#{payload.size} byte payload)".inspect : payload.inspect) if payload
out << headers.inspect.gsub(/^\{/, '').gsub(/\}$/, '') unless headers.empty?
out.join(', ')
end
def response_log(res)
size = @raw_response ? File.size(@tf.path) : (res.body.nil? ? 0 : res.body.size)
"# => #{res.code} #{res.class.to_s.gsub(/^Net::HTTP/, '')} | #{(res['Content-type'] || '').gsub(/;.*$/, '')} #{size} bytes"
end
def display_log(msg)
return unless log_to = RestClient.log
if log_to == 'stdout'
STDOUT.puts msg
elsif log_to == 'stderr'
STDERR.puts msg
else
File.open(log_to, 'a') { |f| f.puts msg }
end
end
def default_headers
{ :accept => '*/*; q=0.5, application/xml', :accept_encoding => 'gzip, deflate' }
end
end
end
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